On ezekiel’s future temple


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A powerpoint presentation on the history and prophecy of Ezekiel's future Temple and how it fits in Christian eschatology. Materials from John Schmidt and Paul Jablonowski included.

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    Mi nombre es Sonia Hidalgo, soy arquitecta. Le invito a unirse al grupo: Constructores del templo:
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On ezekiel’s future temple

  1. 1. On Ezekiel’s Future Temple (Chapters 40-48) Sunday Evening Adult Bible Class. Park Central Baptist Church (Dallas, Texas) Instructor : Joseph David Rhodes, M.A., M.Div .
  2. 2. On Ezekiel’s Future Temple (Chapters 40-48) “ One of the most crucial texts for the futurist interpretation of prophecy concerning Israel is the vision of the prophet Ezekiel in chapters 40-48. In this text the prophet presents God’s instructions for the construction of a new Temple to be built as part of the promise of Israel’s divine restoration. The concern of the exiles, as exemplified by Daniel’s prayer, was for a literal rebuilding of both the city of Jerusalem and its Temple (Daniel 9:3-19). Ezekiel’s prophecy of the Temple, delivered to these exiles, should be interpreted in light of this literal concern. It must be recognized that the Second Temple constructed by the Jewish remnant that returned from the Exile (538-515 B.C.) did not implement Ezekiel’s detailed plan . . . .” 1 1 Randall J. Price, Ph.D., “ Ezekiel’s Prophecy of the Temple,” p. 1 at http :// www. worldofthebible.com/Bible%20Studies/Ezekiel's%20Prophecy%20of%20the%20Temple.pdf .
  3. 3. On Ezekiel’s Future Temple (Chapters 40-48) “ . . . Futurism, therefore, interprets the literal fulfillment of this prophecy eschatologically with the erection of a restoration Temple in the earthly Millennial Kingdom. This text is crucial to futurism because if literal interpretation fails with respect to this prophecy, then there is no reason to insist on a literal interpretation of any Old Testament prophecy, including messianic prophecy, which is an inseparable part of the restoration prophecies. “ 2 2 ” Ezekiel’s Prophecy of the Temple,” Ibid. See The Coming Last Days Temple (Eugene, Oregon: Harvest House Publishers, 1999), Pt. II, chapters 10 & 11, pp. 207 – 254.
  4. 4. On Ezekiel’s Future Temple (Chapters 40-48) Scholars taking the future Temple of Ezekiel 40-48 largely in a plain or literal sense: (A Selection only): 1. J.T. Barclay. The City of the Great King: Jerusalem As It Was, As It Is, and As It Will Be. Philadelphia: James Challen & Sons, 1858. 2. James Calvin DeYoung. Jerusalem in the New Testament: The Signifi- cance of the City in the History of Redemption and in Eschatology. Amsterdam: J.H. Kok/ New Van Kampen, 1960. 3. Thomas J. Ice and Timothy Demy. The Truth About the Last Days Temple. Eugene, Oregon: Harvest House Publishers, 1992. 4. Thomas McCall and Zola Levitt. Satan In The Sanctuary . Chicago: Moody Press, 1972. 5. Thomas Newberry. The Temples of Solomon and Ezekiel. Glasgow, Scotland: Pickering & Inglis, 1884. 6. John W. Schmidt and Carl J. Laney. Ezekiel’s View of the Future Temple. Grand Rapids, Michigan: Kregel Publishers, 1997.
  5. 5. On Ezekiel’s Future Temple (Chapters 40-48) A Background of Ezekiel in Isaiah 4:2-6 “ In that day the branch of the LORD shall be beautiful and glorious, and the fruit of the land shall be the pride and glory of the survivors of Israel. And he who is left in Zion and remains in Jerusalem will be called holy, every one who has been recorded for life in Jerusalem, when the Lord shall have washed away the filth of the daughters of Zion and cleansed the bloodstains of Jerusalem from its midst by a spirit of judgment and by a spirit of burning. Then the LORD will create over the whole site of Mount Zion and over her assemblies a cloud by day, and smoke and the shining of a flaming fire by night; for over all the glory there will be a canopy and a pavilion. It will be for a shade by day from the heat, and for a refuge and a shelter from the storm and rain. “
  6. 6. On Ezekiel’s Future Temple (Chapters 40-48) <ul><li>( The Temple Through Time) 3 </li></ul><ul><li>I. The Tabernacle : (1446 [?] – 960 B.C.). </li></ul><ul><li>This was built by the direct command of God according to a pattern </li></ul><ul><li>of the heavenly archetype ( Exodus 25:9; Hebrews 8:5). </li></ul><ul><li>Both the Ark and the Tabernacle were both constructed according to </li></ul><ul><li>the Divinely revealed pattern by the skilled artisans Bezaleel and </li></ul><ul><li>Aholiah ( Exodus 35:30-35). </li></ul><ul><li>After the Ark was constructed (37:1-9), it was placed within “ the holy </li></ul><ul><li>of holies” ( Exodus 40:20-21). </li></ul><ul><li>According to Exodus 40: 34-38 , the Shekinah (“ the Glory”) of the LORD </li></ul><ul><li>( Hebrew: כְבֹוד יְהוָה , literally, the heaviness of Yahweh ! ) filled the Tabernacle and led Moses and the people of Israel. </li></ul><ul><li>3 Randall J. Price, The Coming Last Days Temple (Eugene, Oregon: Harvest House Publishers, 1999), pp. 59-82, but see especially the chart on p. 61. </li></ul>
  7. 7. On Ezekiel’s Future Temple (Chapters 40-48)
  8. 8. On Ezekiel’s Future Temple (Chapters 40-48) <ul><li>II. The First Temple ( Solomon’s Temple) (I) </li></ul><ul><li>(960 B.C. – 587/6 B.C.) </li></ul><ul><li>Materials provided by David’s conquests and treaties with other nations </li></ul><ul><li>( 1 Ch 22:14 ; 1 Ch 29:4 ; 2 Ch 3:1 ) and built on the top of Mt. Moriah, east of </li></ul><ul><li>the city, where Abraham had brought Isaac for an offering ( Genesis 22:1- </li></ul><ul><li>14). The Ark of the Covenant was formally deposited (1 Kings 8:6-9 ). </li></ul><ul><li>Solomon, acting on God’s revealed instructions and with a vast army </li></ul><ul><li>of artisans and workers built the First Temple (1 Kings 5,6) </li></ul><ul><li>But for the next 374 years (from 960 B.C. to 587/6) the Sanctuary was </li></ul><ul><li>defiled by idols ( e.g., 2 Kings 21:7; Jeremiah 2:1-30; Ezekiel 8:5-18) . </li></ul><ul><li>The Shekinah Glory of Yahweh, which had once filled the Temple, </li></ul><ul><li>eventually departed displaying God’s anger and grief ( Ezekiel 11). </li></ul>
  9. 9. On Ezekiel’s Future Temple (Chapters 40-48) The Temple of Solomon
  10. 10. On Ezekiel’s Future Temple (Chapters 40-48)
  11. 11. On Ezekiel’s Future Temple (Chapters 40-48) <ul><li>II. Second Temple (Temple of Zerubbabel & Herod) </li></ul><ul><li>( 538 – 515 B.C. & 20 B.C. –ca. 20 A.D.) </li></ul><ul><li>This was built by Zerubbabel and the returning exiles from Babylon </li></ul><ul><li>( Ezra 6:13-15). </li></ul><ul><li>It was defiled by Seleucid King Antiochus Epiphanes in 168 B.C., but </li></ul><ul><li>later was purified and rededicated by the Maccabees (164 B.C.) [The </li></ul><ul><li>origin of the Jewish festival of Hanukkah). </li></ul><ul><li>Later, the Second Temple was enlarged by Herod the Great in 20 B.C. </li></ul><ul><li>During Pilate’s procuratorship, Roman construction of insignia of </li></ul><ul><li>Imperial Eagle in Temple precints causes defilment and Jewish anger. </li></ul><ul><li>The Second Temple, which existed in Jesus’ day, was finally destroyed </li></ul><ul><li>by the Roman General Titus in 70 A.D. </li></ul>
  12. 12. On Ezekiel’s Future Temple (Chapters 40-48) The Second Temple, Later Improved by Herod the Great.
  13. 13. On Ezekiel’s Future Temple (Chapters 40-48) <ul><li>III. The UnTemple ( The Dome of the Rock) (I) </li></ul><ul><li>( Masjid Qubbat As-Sakhrah , 691/692 A.D. until Present, 2010 A.D.) </li></ul><ul><li>Umayyad Caliph Abd al-Malik ibn Marwan initiated the construction of </li></ul><ul><li>this Islamic shrine which defiled the site of the Holy of Holies. From that </li></ul><ul><li>time until today, all Jews are barred from worship at this site and worship </li></ul><ul><li>instead at the “Wailing Wall” in Jerusalem. </li></ul><ul><li>Yet, the Temple site has persisted through out history (nineteen centuries </li></ul><ul><li>and more). Orthodox Jewish rabbis believe that the Ark of the Covenant </li></ul><ul><li>is somewhere buried beneath the site of the Temple Mount. </li></ul><ul><li>Since Israel was reestablished as a state in May, 1948, conservative Bible </li></ul><ul><li>scholars believe that the “Church Age” or the “ Times of the Gentiles” </li></ul><ul><li>will come to an end before the return of the Messiah. </li></ul>
  14. 14. On Ezekiel’s Future Temple (Chapters 40-48) <ul><li>III. The UnTemple ( The Dome of the Rock) (II) </li></ul><ul><li>Control of the old city of Jerusalem returned to Jewish hands as a </li></ul><ul><li>result of the 1967 War with the Arabs. </li></ul><ul><li>Since 1987, many devout Jews and a number of leading orthodox </li></ul><ul><li>rabbis have been preparing for the “rebuilding of the Temple.” </li></ul><ul><li>These last sixty years have also seen the multiplication of “wars and </li></ul><ul><li>rumors of wars” in the Middle East and various unsuccessful “peace </li></ul><ul><li>treaties” between the Jews and their Palestinian and other Muslim </li></ul><ul><li>neighbors. </li></ul><ul><li>Those who embrace a literal and pre-millennial view of Biblical </li></ul><ul><li>prophecy are inclined to believe that the next step in world history </li></ul><ul><li>may be the Rapture and the Tribulation period (“Jacob’s Trouble”). </li></ul>
  15. 15. On Ezekiel’s Future Temple (Chapters 40-48) Dome of the Rock
  16. 16. On Ezekiel’s Future Temple (Chapters 40-48) <ul><li>Excursus I : Hebrew Words for Temple in the Old Testament </li></ul><ul><li>Derivatives of bayit [ or be’it ]: Hebrew , ty!b ^ , which is used 2055 times </li></ul><ul><li>in the Old Testament to describe various kinds of dwellings, palaces, </li></ul><ul><li>temples, families or dynasties, places, or containers. </li></ul><ul><li>Bayit occurs 28 times as a description for God’sTabernacle in the wild- </li></ul><ul><li>erness and in the early history of national Israel. </li></ul><ul><li>But then Bayit occurs over 480 times from I Kings through Malachi as </li></ul><ul><li>the reference to the “house” Yahweh dwells in, either the Temple of </li></ul><ul><li>Solomon or the futuristic Temple of Ezekiel (about 40 times). </li></ul><ul><li>About 56-58 uses of the forms of ty!b^ are used as references to describe </li></ul><ul><li>pagan shrines or even temples, particularly the “ high places” of Baalism. </li></ul><ul><li>In 11-12 places in the Old Testament the full phrase, “ The house of </li></ul><ul><li>[temple] the LORD” [ Hebr.: hw*hy+ ty!b^ ] occurs. </li></ul>
  17. 17. On Ezekiel’s Future Temple (Chapters 40-48) The Other Main Hebrew Word for “ Temple” The other main word for Temple (or Palace) is Hekal ( lk*j# ) which is used 76 X in the O.T. and in 53 instances refers to either God’s early Tabernacle or the later Temples of Yahweh ( Cf. Hosea 8:14; Joel 3:5; Jonah 2:4,7 ; Micah 1:2; Habakkuk 2:20; Haggai 2:15,18; Zechariah 6:12; 6:13; 6:14; 6:15; 8:9; and Malachi 3:1 ). 4 4 See Gleason L. Archer, Jr., R. Laird Harris, and Bruce K. Waltke, Theological Wordbook of the Old Testament. 2 Vols. ( Chicago: Moody Press, 1982), entries # 493 and # 2694 for Strong’s Concordance nos. H1964 and H1965 , lk*j# .
  18. 18. On Ezekiel’s Future Temple (Chapters 40-48) Excursus II : Greek Words for Temple in the New Testament Ton Heiron (71 Times) and Ho Naos (46 Times) 1. Ton Heiron ( Greek, [Cf. Strong’s G2410-2413], tov iJerovn ). The word &quot;temple&quot; in the NT, with respect to the temple at Jerusalem, often referred to the entire precinct which included the sanctuary, courts, and other buildings. This included the Holy Place of the priests and Levites’ service and the inner sanctuary, “ the Holy of Holies ”, unless the reference is specified. This is the broadest and general common way of speaking of the whole Temple in Jerusalem.
  19. 19. On Ezekiel’s Future Temple (Chapters 40-48) Excursus II : Greek Words for Temple in the New Testament Ton Heiron (71 Times) and Ho Naos (46 Times) 2. Ho Naos ( Greek, [Cf. Strong’s G3484], oJ naov ς ). According to The Blue Letter Bible online : “ 1) used of the temple at Jerusalem, but only of the sacred edifice (or sanctuary) itself, consisting of the Holy place and the Holy of Holies (in classical Greek it is used of the sanctuary or cell of the temple, where the image of the god was placed which is distinguished from the whole enclosure) 2) any heathen temple or shrine 3) metaph. the spiritual temple consisting of the saints of all ages joined together by and in Christ “ 5 5 http://www.blueletterbible.org/lang/lexicon/lexicon.cfm?Strongs=G3485&t=NKJV
  20. 20. On Ezekiel’s Future Temple (Chapters 40-48) IV. The Third Temple (The Tribulation Temple). (Jewish Temple Yet to Come – Post –Rapture of the Church) According to many prophecy scholars there will be a Third Temple built in Jerusalem in the future. Lambert Dolphin states: “ The New Testament contains three references to a Third Jewish Temple standing on the site at the end of the present age. Likewise there are Scriptural reasons (Christians believe) that a the coming Third Temple will be followed by a Fourth. The location of the First and Second Temples is a matter of keen interest among devout Jews in Israel today as the Third Temple must be built on the consecrated ground of the Temple Mount in Jerusalem where the First and Second Temples stood. This site is currently under the control of the Muslim WAQF. This article concerns primarily the Fourth Temple, usually called &quot;Ezekiel's Temple.” 6 6 ”The Temple of Ezekiel,” at http://ldolphin.org/ .
  21. 21. On Ezekiel’s Future Temple (Chapters 40-48) Dr. Randall Price’s Summary of the Tribulation Temple “ During the Tribulation the Temple will be rebuilt by unbelieving Jews (Is. 66:1-6), apparently as the result of a covenant made between the Jewish leadership and the Antichrist (Dan. 9:27a), and desecrated by the Antichrist with the “Abomination of Desolation” (Dan. 9:27b) when he invades Jerusalem (Dan. 11:45; Rev. 11:2). Jesus enlarged upon Daniel’s prophecy by setting the Temple’s desecration as the signal event dividing the birth pangs of the first half of the Tribulation from the remaining 1,260 days of “Great Tribulation” (Matt. 24:15; Mk. 13:14; cf. Rev. 11:1-2) which begins an unparalleled period of Jewish persecution (Matt. 24:16-22; Mk. 13:15-20) leading up to the rescue of the redeemed Remnant at the second advent of Messiah (Zech. 12:8-14; 14:3-5; Lk. 21:27-28; Rev. 19:11-16). “ [Continued . . .]
  22. 22. On Ezekiel’s Future Temple (Chapters 40-48) Randall J. Price’s Quote About the Third Temple (Continued): “ Paul further developed the prophecy of the Temple’s desecration in his description of the end-time ‘deception’ that will accompany the revelation of the ‘man of lawlessness’ (2 Thess. 2:4, 10). He explained this as the Antichrist’s blasphemous act to usurp God’s place in the Holy of Holies (2 Thess. 2:4; cf. Rev. 13:6, 14-15). The Tribulation Temple may be destroyed at the return of Christ when the Mount of Olives splits (Zech. 14:4), but it will certainly be removed as part of the extensive topographical changes that will prepare for the Millennial Jerusalem and its Temple (Zech. 14:10; cf. Is. 2:2). “ 7 7 ” An Overview of Future Temples,” at http://www.worldofthebible.com/ Bible % 20Studies/ An%20Overview%20of%20the%20Future%20Temples.pdf.
  23. 23. On Ezekiel’s Future Temple (Chapters 40-48) Another View of the Tribulation Temple
  24. 24. On Ezekiel’s Future Temple (Chapters 40-48) <ul><li>Final Review of the Tribulation Temple </li></ul><ul><li>Key Scripture References ( Daniel 9:27; Matthew 24:15; Mark 13:14; </li></ul><ul><li>2 Thess . 2:4; Revelation 11:1,2). (Cf. also Revelation 13:4-8, 14-15). </li></ul><ul><li>Israel enters into a seven-year covenant with the AntiChrist and </li></ul><ul><li>Orthodox Jews build the Third Temple. Jewish Tribulation saints </li></ul><ul><li>join in worship. </li></ul><ul><li>The AntiChrist defiles “ the Holy of Holies” (e.g., “ The Abomination </li></ul><ul><li>of Desolation. ”) at the Tribulation midpoint (after three and one- </li></ul><ul><li>half years) ; thus, the Tribulation Temple is desecrated. </li></ul><ul><li>After the Return of Christ (i.e., the Parousia ), the Shekinah Glory </li></ul><ul><li>returns to Jerusalem and the Millennial Temple is built ( Isaiah 4:2-4; </li></ul><ul><li>Jeremiah 3:17; Ezekiel 2:7). </li></ul>
  25. 25. On Ezekiel’s Future Temple (Chapters 40-48) <ul><li>V. The Fourth Temple: The Millennial Temple. </li></ul><ul><li>(Ezekiel 40-48; Haggai 2:6-9) </li></ul><ul><li>This Temple is built by the Messiah, who is assisted by the Nations </li></ul><ul><li>(i.e, the Gentiles). ( Isaiah 56:6,7; Zechariah 6:12-15). </li></ul><ul><li>As stated earlier, the Divine presence returns ( Ezekiel 43:7). </li></ul><ul><li>The one thousand year Millennial Kingdom ensues with the resump- </li></ul><ul><li>tion of animal sacrifices in the Temple and renewed sacred Festival </li></ul><ul><li>worship schedule ( Zechariah 14:16). </li></ul><ul><li>Restoration of national Israel with Christ as the reigning King. </li></ul>
  26. 26. On Ezekiel’s Future Temple (Chapters 40-48) <ul><li>V. The Fourth Temple: The Millennial Temple. </li></ul><ul><li>Following the Millennium, there comes the New Heavens and New </li></ul><ul><li>Earth ( Romans 8:18-25; Hebrews 12:27-29; 2 Peter 3: 11-13; Revelation 21:1-4). </li></ul><ul><li>All believers, both Jewish and those of the nations, will enter into the </li></ul><ul><li>joy of the Eternal State (i.e., Heaven). </li></ul><ul><li>The Holy of Holies then will be increased to infinite dimensions. The </li></ul><ul><li>LORD himself then is the Temple ( Revelation 21-22; cf. 22:4). </li></ul>
  27. 27. On Ezekiel’s Future Temple (Chapters 40-48)
  28. 28. On Ezekiel’s Future Temple (Chapters 40-48) J. Schmidt & Carl J. Laney’s Model of Ezekiel’s Temple
  29. 29. On Ezekiel’s Future Temple (Chapters 40-48) <ul><li>Pt. II. Transformations in the Millennium. </li></ul><ul><li>According to the prophet Zechariah, Christ (“ The Branch”) will be both King and Priest during the Millennial era: </li></ul><ul><li>Then speak to him, saying, 'Thus says the Lord of hosts, saying: &quot;Behold, the Man whose name is the BRANCH! From His place He shall branch out, And He shall build the temple of the Lord; Yes, He shall build the temple of the Lord. He shall bear the glory, And shall sit and rule on His throne; So He shall be a priest on His throne, And the counsel of peace shall be between them both.&quot; ( Zechariah 6:12,13 ). </li></ul>
  30. 30. On Ezekiel’s Future Temple (Chapters 40-48) <ul><li>Changes and Transformations in the Geography and </li></ul><ul><li>Topography of the Holy Land: </li></ul><ul><li>Ezekiel 38:18-20 : (Cf. also Isaiah 40:1-5; * Zechariah 14:2-10; and </li></ul><ul><li>Revelation 16:17-21) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>“ And it will come to pass at the same time, when Gog comes against the </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>land of Israel,” says the Lord GOD, “ that My fury will show in My face. For in </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>My jealousy and in the fire of My wrath I have spoken: ‘Surely in that day there </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>shall be a great earthquake in the land of Israel, so that the fish of the sea, the </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>birds of the heavens, the beasts of the field, all creeping things that creep on the </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>earth, and all men who are on the face of the earth shall shake at My presence. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The mountains shall be thrown down, the steep places shall fall, and every wall </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>shall fall to the ground. . . ‘ ” ( NKJV ) </li></ul></ul>
  31. 31. On Ezekiel’s Future Temple (Chapters 40-48) <ul><li>The Destruction of the Third (Tribulation) Temple and </li></ul><ul><li>the Divine Enlargement of the Fourth Temple: </li></ul><ul><li>Biblical literalists and almost all premillennial scholars believe that </li></ul><ul><li>the Third Temple will be destroyed by the final earthquake when the </li></ul><ul><li>Messiah appears in glory [ For Jewish folks that ‘s Yeshua ! ] or, possibly, </li></ul><ul><li>by the final military invasion of Jerusalem during the apocalyptic </li></ul><ul><li>battle (World War III’s climax ?) described by Zechariah 14:2-10. </li></ul><ul><li>Since the prophet Ezekiel (in Ezekiel 40-48) describes with meticulous </li></ul><ul><li>detail a new Divinely ordained Temple in Israel that is much too large </li></ul><ul><li>for the present day Temple mount, scholars have tried to picture how </li></ul><ul><li>big it will be and how many changes in the land occur. </li></ul><ul><li>(SEE CHART ON THE NEXT SLIDE !) </li></ul>
  32. 32. On Ezekiel’s Future Temple (Chapters 40-48)
  33. 33. On Ezekiel’s Future Temple (Chapters 40-48)
  34. 34. On Ezekiel’s Future Temple (Chapters 40-48) <ul><li>Ezekiel also describes a future reapportionment of the Holy Land in </li></ul><ul><li>specific lots during the Millennial kingdom. It appears that the </li></ul><ul><li>Temple complex and its district are to one day be north of the rebuilt </li></ul><ul><li>city of Jerusalem (this is still not yet the New Jerusalem of Revelation </li></ul><ul><li>21-22). </li></ul><ul><li>Ezekiel 45:1-8 describes this clearly: </li></ul><ul><li>( SEE THE NEXT SLIDE !*) </li></ul>
  35. 35. On Ezekiel’s Future Temple
  36. 36. On Ezekiel’s Future Temple (Chapters 40-48) <ul><li>Ezekiel 45:1-8 ( NKJV ): </li></ul><ul><li>“ Moreover, when you divide the land by lot into inheritance, you shall set apart a district for the Lord, a holy section of the land; its length shall be twenty-five thousand cubits, and the width ten thousand. It shall be holy throughout its territory all around. Of this there shall be a </li></ul><ul><li>square plot for the sanctuary, five hundred by five hundred rods, with fifty cubits around it for an open space. So this is the district you shall measure: twenty-five thousand cubits long and ten thousand wide; in it shall be the sanctuary, the Most Holy Place. It shall be a holy section of the land, belonging to the priests, the ministers of the sanctuary, who come near to minister to the Lord; it shall be a place for their houses and a holy place for the sanctuary. An area twenty-five thousand cubits long and ten thousand wide shall belong to the Levites, the ministers of the temple; they shall have twenty chambers as a possession. You shall appoint as the property of the city an area five thousand cubits wide and twenty-five thousand long, adjacent to the district of the holy section; it shall belong to the whole house of Israel. &quot;The prince shall have a section on one side and the other of the holy district and the city's property; and bordering on the holy district and the city's property, extending westward on the west side and eastward on the east side, the length shall be side by side with one of the tribal portions, from the west border to the east border. The land shall be his possession in Israel; and My princes shall no more oppress My people, but they shall give the rest of the land to the house of Israel, according to their tribes.&quot; </li></ul>
  37. 37. On Ezekiel’s Future Temple (Chapters 40-48) <ul><li>Ezekiel 48:8-10, The LORD’s HOLY DISTRICT: </li></ul>“ by the border of Judah, from the east side to the west, shall be the district which you shall set apart, twenty-five thousand cubits in width, and in length the same as one of the other portions, from the east side to the west, with the sanctuary in the center. The district that you shall set apart for the Lord shall be twenty-five thousand cubits in length and ten thousand in width. To these--to the priests--the holy district shall belong: on the north twenty-five thousand cubits in length, on the west ten thousand in width, on the east ten thousand in width, and on the south twenty-five thousand in length. The sanctuary of the Lord shall be in the center. “ ( NJKV )
  38. 38. On Ezekiel’s Future Temple (Chapters 40-48) <ul><li>Question of Renewed Sacrifices During the Millennium. </li></ul><ul><li>According to a significant number of Christian Bible scholars, the </li></ul><ul><li>Fourth Temple (i.e., Ezekiel’s Temple, chaps. 40 - 45), will be of a </li></ul><ul><li>“ memorial” nature, the Lord’s teaching center to instruct men on </li></ul><ul><li>earth about the holiness of God. The reasoning is this, that since </li></ul><ul><li>sinful children will be born to the regenerated survivors of Israel </li></ul><ul><li>and the nations during the millennial era, the Temple is supposed </li></ul><ul><li>“ to remind everyone of the substitutionary death of Jesus on the </li></ul><ul><li>cross, as the ‘Lamb of God’ some two thousand years earlier.” </li></ul><ul><li>(Quote from Lambert Dolphin). [ See also Dr. Laney’s letter ]. </li></ul>
  39. 39. On Ezekiel’s Future Temple (Chapters 40-48) John Schmitt's Model of Messiah's Coming Temple
  40. 40. On Ezekiel’s Future Temple (Chapters 40-48) Dr. John Schmidt with his Ezekiel Temple Model
  41. 41. On Ezekiel’s Future Temple John W. Schmidt and J. Carl Laney’s Book:
  42. 42. On Ezekiel’s Future Temple (Chapters 40-48) Rev. John W. Schmidt, Director of Future Hope Ministries Dr. J. Carl Laney, Th.D., Missionary Pastor and Professor.
  43. 43. On Ezekiel’s Future Temple (Chapters 40-48) <ul><li>Notes on Rev. John W. Schmidt </li></ul><ul><li>John W. Schmidt: </li></ul><ul><li>Born in Muscantine, Iowa; * Pastored for about five years. </li></ul><ul><li>son of a Baptist minister. </li></ul><ul><li>Moved to Oregon at age 10; * Has studied and worked on </li></ul><ul><li>Accepted Christ as a teen and Ezekiel’s Temple for over 35 years. </li></ul><ul><li>commited his life to service. </li></ul><ul><li>Attended Judson Baptist College, * During these years he has travelled </li></ul><ul><li>and Southern Oregon College several times to Israel and published </li></ul><ul><li>(B.S., Bus. Ad.); later obtained a numerous articles and a book. </li></ul><ul><li>M.Div. at Western Baptist * Has lectured in the U.S. , Europe, and Israel </li></ul><ul><li>Seminary (1972). and has appeared on Day of Discovery and </li></ul><ul><li>Zola Levitt. </li></ul>
  44. 44. On Ezekiel’s Future Temple (Chapters 40-48) <ul><li>Notes on Dr. (Professor) J. Carl Laney. </li></ul><ul><li>Born in Georgia in 1948 and moved to Oregon with family at two years of age. </li></ul><ul><li>Accepted Christ as Lord and Savior as a youth at the First Baptist Church in </li></ul><ul><li>Eugene, Oregon. </li></ul><ul><li>Attended the University of Oregon (1966-1970). B.S. in Public Administration. </li></ul><ul><li>Western Conservative Baptist Seminary: Master of Divinity, 1973; Master of </li></ul><ul><li>Theology, 1974; Institute of Holy Land Studies, Summer 1973, May-June 1992, </li></ul><ul><li>1994; Dallas Theological Seminary: Doctorate of Theology, 1978 </li></ul><ul><li>Sabbatical research and excavation in Israel, Summer 1994 . </li></ul><ul><li>Bible Teacher and Missions Prof. since 1977 and Interim Pastor in Guam and </li></ul><ul><li>the Philippines. </li></ul>
  45. 45. On Ezekiel’s Future Temple (Chapters 40-48) <ul><li>III. Ezekiel’s Temple Chapters & the Messiah. </li></ul><ul><li>The exact characteristics of the Fourth Temple and the Millennial kingdom loom large in the last eight chapters of the prophecy of Ezekiel. </li></ul><ul><li>The writer provides 318 precise measurements of the Temple and he used 37 unique words that are technical architectural terms, such as “door-posts,” “windows,” etc. Thus, ca. 573 B.C. the prophet received an incredible revelation of the distant future. </li></ul><ul><li>Ezekiel’s visionary tour of this future place of worship is personally by “a man who appearance was like the appearance of bronze.”(Some expositors believe this person to be The Angel of the Lord). </li></ul><ul><li>Ironically, the tour began at the Eastern Gate of the complex – which was closed. </li></ul>
  46. 46. On Ezekiel’s Future Temple (Chapters 40-48) <ul><li>A High Point in the Tour: Unique Gate of the Prince! </li></ul><ul><li>Ezekiel 43: 1-5 & 44:1-3: </li></ul><ul><li>“ Afterward he brought me to the gate, the gate that faces toward the east. And behold, the glory of the God of Israel came from the way of the east. His voice was like the sound of many waters; and the earth shone with His glory. It was like the appearance of the vision which I saw--like the vision which I saw when I came to destroy the city. The visions were like the vision which I saw by the River Chebar; and I fell on my face. And the glory of the Lord came into the temple by way of the gate which faces toward the east. The Spirit lifted me up and brought me into the inner court; and behold, the glory of the Lord filled the temple. “ [Emphasis ours, NKJV ) </li></ul>
  47. 47. On Ezekiel’s Future Temple (Chapters 40-48) <ul><li>A High Point in the Tour: Unique Gate of the Prince! </li></ul><ul><li>Then He brought me back to the outer gate of the sanctuary which faces toward the east, but it was shut. And the Lord said to me, &quot;This gate shall be shut; it shall not be opened, and no man shall enter by it, because the Lord God of Israel has entered by it; therefore it shall be shut. As for the prince, because he is the prince, he may sit in it to eat bread before the Lord; he shall enter by way of the vestibule of the gateway, and go out the same way.&quot; </li></ul>
  48. 48. On Ezekiel’s Future Temple (Chapters 40-48) <ul><li>An Important Observation by Lambert Dolphin: </li></ul><ul><li>Jewish and Arab tradition teaches – probably because of a misinterpre- </li></ul><ul><li>tation of this passage in Ezekiel - that the Jewish Messiah is to enter the </li></ul><ul><li>Golden Gate. For that reason the gate was walled up by the Arabs in </li></ul><ul><li>the 11th Century after the Crusades, (if not earlier) or perhaps by Sule- </li></ul><ul><li>iman the Magnificent in AD 1539-1542 - to prevent the Jewish Messiah </li></ul><ul><li>from entering. The much older gate beneath the present Golden Gate, </li></ul><ul><li>or else another (as yet undiscovered) gate in the Eastern wall could </li></ul><ul><li>have been the one used by Jesus when He rode into Jerusalem on Palm </li></ul><ul><li>Sunday riding on the foal of a donkey. ” 8 </li></ul><ul><li>8 ” The Temple of Ezekiel,” pp. 5-6 </li></ul>“ The present Golden Gate in the Eastern Wall of the Temple Mount in Jerusalem is walled shut . . . .
  49. 49. On Ezekiel’s Future Temple (Chapters 40-48) <ul><li>IV. Future Features Unique to Ezekiel’s Temple. </li></ul><ul><li>No wall or partition will exclude Gentiles (Cf. with </li></ul><ul><li>Ephesians 2:14 ). </li></ul><ul><li>No separate Court for women there ! (Cf. with Galatians </li></ul><ul><li>3:28). </li></ul><ul><li>No Lavar for washing for priests or people (Cf. Ezekiel </li></ul><ul><li>36:24-27; John 15:3). </li></ul><ul><li>No Table of Shewbread (Cf. Micah 5:4; John 6:35). </li></ul>
  50. 50. On Ezekiel’s Future Temple (Chapters 40-48) <ul><li>IV. Future Features Unique to Ezekiel’s Temple. </li></ul><ul><li>No Lampstand or Menorah are mentioned (Cf. Isaiah 49:6; </li></ul><ul><li>John 8:12). </li></ul><ul><li>No Golden Altar of Incense is present (Cf. Zechariah 8:20- </li></ul><ul><li>23; John 14:6). </li></ul><ul><li>No Veil is present !!!!!!!! (Cf. Isaiah 25:6-8; Matthew 27:51). </li></ul><ul><li>No Ark of the Covenant [None Required – JR !] ( Jeremiah </li></ul><ul><li>3:16,17; John 10:30-33). 9 </li></ul><ul><li>9 Cf. J. Dwight Pentecost, Things To Come : A Study in Biblical Eschatology (Second </li></ul><ul><li>Edition: Grand Rapids, Michigan: Zondervan Publishing Company, 1965), pp. 520-24. </li></ul>
  51. 51. On Ezekiel’s Future Temple (Chapters 40-48) <ul><li>Major Changes in the Altar of Sacrifice: </li></ul><ul><li>( Ezekiel 43:12 – 27): </li></ul><ul><li>Summary : In Ezekiel’s Temple the Sacrificial Altar is </li></ul><ul><li>by a ramp from the East. Previous altars were all ap- </li></ul><ul><li>proached from the South. And now there will be stairs </li></ul><ul><li>to the Altar, and not a ramp, as previously. It is ironic </li></ul><ul><li>that the Hebrew word used to describe the top of this </li></ul><ul><li>altar is “ Ariel” ( la@yr!a* ) which means (cf. Isaiah 29:1) </li></ul><ul><li>either “ the lion of God” or “the hearth of God.” (Cf. </li></ul><ul><li>Revelation 5:5). </li></ul>
  52. 52. On Ezekiel’s Future Temple (Chapters 40-48) <ul><li>Related Matters of Holiness & Cleansing: </li></ul><ul><li>( Ezekiel 43 and . . .) </li></ul><ul><li>Like the resurrection bodies of the saints, the Temple is to be main- </li></ul><ul><li>tained as consecrated and undefiled ( 2 Cor. 5:1-5). </li></ul><ul><li>Matters of judgment for believers and unbelievers will be distinct in </li></ul><ul><li>view of Christ’s grace. After Armageddon, many scholars believe comes </li></ul><ul><li>the famous Judgment of the Sheep and the Goats (Cf. Matthew 25:31- </li></ul><ul><li>44; Compare with Joel , chapter 3; Cf. also Isaiah 65:18-25). </li></ul><ul><li>See Lambert’s Dolphin’s article (p. 8) and remember Zechariah 6:9-15. </li></ul>
  53. 53. On Ezekiel’s Future Temple (Chapters 40-48) <ul><li>Ezekiel 45:16-25 seems to indicate a a brevity in the </li></ul><ul><li>Old Testament Biblical offerings and feasts. </li></ul><ul><li>It is clear to many Biblical scholars that the future sacri- </li></ul><ul><li>ficial system and the cycle of annual feasts are definitely </li></ul><ul><li>not a simple return to the earlier Mosaic system. 10 </li></ul><ul><li>10 Dr. John C. Whitcomb, Jr., ” The Millennial Temple of Ezekiel 40-48 (An Exercise </li></ul><ul><li>in Literal Interpretation), ” http://www.middletownbiblechurch.org/proph/templemi . </li></ul><ul><li>htm. </li></ul>
  54. 54. On Ezekiel’s Future Temple (Chapters 40-48) <ul><li>V. The Living Stream of Ezekiel 47: 1 –12 </li></ul><ul><li>One of most fascinating and marvelous aspects of the Millennial Temple is a </li></ul><ul><li>unique stream of fresh water which issues from the southern wall of the </li></ul><ul><li>Temple. </li></ul><ul><li>Ezekiel’s description of this special river pictures it as having two branches, </li></ul><ul><li>one of which flows westward into the Mediterranean Sea and one which flows </li></ul><ul><li>eastward into the northern end of the Dead Sea. According to this passage of Scripture, this living stream freshens all the land south of Jericho ! (47:7-9). </li></ul><ul><li>Read Ezekiel 47:1-12 in several translations ! It would appear that this one is </li></ul><ul><li>identical with stream of water depicted in Joel 3:18 and Zechariah 14:8. </li></ul><ul><li>This stream also begins a small ankle-deep brook, in a few thousand cubits it </li></ul><ul><li>becomes a great river over one thousand cubits in width. </li></ul>
  55. 55. On Ezekiel’s Future Temple (Chapters 40-48) <ul><li>VI. Millennial Jerusalem & The New Jerusalem. </li></ul><ul><li>( The Earthly Jerusalem & the Heavenly City). </li></ul><ul><li>The New Testament clearly teaches both a renewed city of Jerusalem </li></ul><ul><li>and a heavenly city which appears in the Revelation . The one </li></ul><ul><li>city brings human history to a logical end, while one opens up the </li></ul><ul><li>annals of eternity. </li></ul><ul><li>There are at least three outstanding references to the “ New Jeru- </li></ul><ul><li>salem ” or the “ Jerusalem above” ( Galatians 2:26; Hebrews 11:16; </li></ul><ul><li>12: 18-29; and Revelation 21-22). </li></ul>
  56. 56. On Ezekiel’s Future Temple (Chapters 40-48) <ul><li>VII. The Key Difference Between the Jerusalems: </li></ul><ul><li>The New Jerusalem does not itself include a temple, for according </li></ul><ul><li>to Revelation 21: 22,23 , the LORD himself is the Temple there !!! </li></ul><ul><li>In Ezekiel’s day (ca. 593 B.C.) , the prophet saw the Shekinah glory </li></ul><ul><li>of the LORD depart from the First Temple and Jerusalem ( Ezekiel </li></ul><ul><li>9:1-11:25). Yet, in his subsequent vision in ca. 573 B.C. Ezekiel be- </li></ul><ul><li>held in a vision the future return of the full Glory of God in the </li></ul><ul><li>Spirit return to Temple ( Cf. Ezekiel 43:1-12 and Isaiah 4:2-6 ). </li></ul><ul><li>In the New Jerusalem the Glory will never depart nor diminish ! </li></ul><ul><li>( Isaiah 66:1,2; Revelation 21:22-26; 22:1-5). </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul>
  57. 57. On Ezekiel’s Future Temple (Chapters 40-48)
  58. 58. On Ezekiel’s Future Temple (Chapters 40-48)
  59. 59. On Ezekiel’s Future Temple (Chapters 40-48)
  60. 60. On Ezekiel’s Future Temple (Chapters 40-48) Appendix: Diagrams and Illustrations 1 1 Paul Jablonowski, Sons to Glory (Harvest, AL.: www.sonstoglory.com , 2006), ch. 7, various pages.
  61. 61. On Ezekiel’s Future Temple I. The Sanctuary ( Top View ).
  62. 62. On Ezekiel’s Future Temple (Chapters 40-48) II. Temple Gateways ( Top View).
  63. 63. On Ezekiel’s Future Temple (Chapters 40-48) III. Altar of Sacrifice (Top View)
  64. 64. On Ezekiel’s Future Temple (Chapters 40-48) IV. Priests’ Chambers (Top View)
  65. 65. On Ezekiel’s Future Temple (Chapters 40-48) <ul><li>V. Millennial Temple Order of Service </li></ul><ul><li>Ezekiel 43:18-27 specifies the ordinances for Consecrating the </li></ul><ul><li>Altar of Sacrifice. </li></ul><ul><li>2) Ezekiel 44:1-9 specifies the laws of Admittance into the </li></ul><ul><li>Temple. </li></ul><ul><li>3) Ezekiel 44:10-31 shows ordinances for Ministers of the </li></ul><ul><li>Temple. </li></ul><ul><li>4) Ezekiel 45:9-14 discusses laws of Economics in the Temple. </li></ul><ul><li>5) Ezekiel 45:13-16 specifies the Ordinances for the Prince. </li></ul><ul><li>Ezekiel 45:17-46:15 discusses the Worship System in Keeping </li></ul><ul><li>the Feasts. </li></ul><ul><li>7) Ezekiel 46:19-24 discusses the Preparation of Offerings. </li></ul>
  66. 66. VI. Israel’s Future Land Divisions. ( Ezekiel 45:1-8 and 47:13 - 48:35.)
  67. 67. On Ezekiel’s Future Temple (Chapters 40-48)
  68. 68. On Ezekiel’s Future Temple (Chapters 40-48)
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  70. 70. On Ezekiel’s Future Temple (Chapters 40-48)
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  72. 72. On Ezekiel’s Future Temple (Chapters 40-48)
  73. 73. On Ezekiel’s Future Temple (Chapters 40-48)
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  75. 75. On Ezekiel’s Future Temple (Chapters 40-48)
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  78. 78. On Ezekiel’s Future Temple (Chapters 40-48)
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  80. 80. On Ezekiel’s Future Temple (Chapters 40-48)