Toilets

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Toilets

  1. 1. History of Toilets<br /> By: Manpreet<br />
  2. 2. First Toilets<br /><ul><li> 2800 Years ago, King Minos of Crete had the first flushing water closet recorded.
  3. 3. King Minos was the first one to run hot and cold water.
  4. 4. The toilets had a hole cut in it and were made of fired brick
  5. 5. They are found on the Isle of Crete and in the Harappa Civilization in Western India</li></li></ul><li>Romans and Middle Ages<br /><ul><li>Romans has a system of sewers with running water that ran into the Tiber River.
  6. 6. They has outhouses or toilets directly connected to the sewer system.
  7. 7. During the middle ages, rich people built toilets called Garderobes jutting out the side of the castle.</li></li></ul><li>Toilet of 1596<br /><ul><li>Many believe that the toilet was invented by Sir Thomas Crapper but it was actually invented by Sir John Harington
  8. 8. Harington first installed his toilet in his godmother palace.
  9. 9. His godmother was Queen Elizabeth I.
  10. 10. Harington beat Crapper to the punch 200 years earlier</li></li></ul><li>1775 Toilet Patented<br /><ul><li>The first patent of the flushing toilet was issued to Alexander Cummings
  11. 11. Alexander Cummings was a Scottish watchmaker and a Mathematician
  12. 12. Alexander was born in London</li></li></ul><li>1800’s<br /><ul><li>1829- Tremont Hotel was the first hotel to have indoor plumbing and 8 water closets fitted by Isaiah Rogers.
  13. 13. 1880- Thomas Crapper patented some minor improvements to the toilet. Brought toilet design and modern technology together.
  14. 14. Usually seats were wood and toilet was usually emptied by pulling a chain. Very decorated and attractive.
  15. 15. Tanks were elevated. </li></li></ul><li>1900’s<br /><ul><li>The elevated tank design started changing into the modern close tank and bowl.
  16. 16. Standard Flush toilet with 1.6 Gallon tank.
  17. 17. Prone to blockage.
  18. 18. Toilet paper did no become common until 1907</li></li></ul><li>21st Century <br /><ul><li>Gravity toilets so they don’t clog.
  19. 19. Water saving toilets
  20. 20. Pressure-assist toilets- More forceful flush
  21. 21. Vacuum Toilet- EVAC system in the toilet so it doesn’t use water.
  22. 22. Bidet Toilet- Clean your bottom with a push of a blow dry you bottom.</li></li></ul><li>Evolution<br />
  23. 23. References <br /><ul><li>http://www.interiordesign.net/article/480270-All_About_Toilets.php
  24. 24. http://inventors.about.com/od/pstartinventions/a/Plumbing_3.htm
  25. 25. http://www.localhistories.org/toilets.html</li>

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