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The Evolution of the Car, its engine and features.<br />By: Sylvia<br />B1 Mr. DeSilva<br />
Car Definition<br />The definition of a car is an “automobile… running on rails as a street car or railroad car ”.<br />
The car evolutionized.<br /> Starting with….<br />
First Self Propelled Car<br />In 1769, a French military engineer named Nicholas Cugnot created a steam powered road vehic...
Steam Powered Engines<br />Richard Trevithick improved the steam engines’ design by making them smaller and lighter.<br />...
Internal Combustion Engine<br />Jean Lenoir invented a two-stroke , internal combustion engine car, that was fueled by coa...
The “Otto Cycle”<br />In 1876 Nicholas Otto invented a successful four-stroke engine,  which came to be known as the “Otto...
First Driven Internal Combution Engine<br />Gottlieb Daimler and Karl Benz created the first vehicles driven using an inte...
Daimler Engine<br />In 1899 Frenchmen Rene Panhard and Emile Levassor set up the first manufacturers. 1n 1890, they built ...
Maybach’s inventions<br />Maybach built the first four-cylinder, four stroke engine in 1890. <br />Three years later he de...
Ford Motor Company<br />In 1903 the Ford Motor Company was formed. Ford became the biggest car manufacturer.<br />By 1927,...
Kettering Inventions<br />Charles Kettering invented the starter motor and the electric ignition, which were used to make ...
By 1930 most of the automobile technology we use today had already been invented…<br />
Harmful Emissions<br />In 1965 controls on harmful emissions  were announced.<br />More safety devices became mandatory.<b...
Antilock Braking System<br />In 1978 the first anitlock braking systems were developed for cars. They first appeared in ca...
Hybrid Engines<br />Gas and electric hybrid cars were developed by Honda and Toyota. They were introduced to America and E...
Bibliography.Information and Pictures.<br />http://dictionary.reference.com/browse/car<br />http://www.treehugger.com/big-...
Bibliography (cont…)<br />http://chestofbooks.com/reference/Home-Cyclopedia-Of-General-Information/images/Locomotive-Steam...
Bibliography (cont…)<br />http://www.saferautomobiles.com/wp-content/uploads/2009/10/seatbelt_jpg.jpg<br />http://hdabob.c...
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The evolution of the automobile

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The evolution of the automobile

  1. 1. The Evolution of the Car, its engine and features.<br />By: Sylvia<br />B1 Mr. DeSilva<br />
  2. 2. Car Definition<br />The definition of a car is an “automobile… running on rails as a street car or railroad car ”.<br />
  3. 3. The car evolutionized.<br /> Starting with….<br />
  4. 4. First Self Propelled Car<br />In 1769, a French military engineer named Nicholas Cugnot created a steam powered road vehicle.<br />Used a steam engine attached to a three-wheeled cart.<br />According to popular belief it reached walking speed<br />It was used by the French army to haul cannons.<br />
  5. 5. Steam Powered Engines<br />Richard Trevithick improved the steam engines’ design by making them smaller and lighter.<br />In 1801 he put one on wheels. It was the 1st horseless carriage that could transport passengers.<br />
  6. 6. Internal Combustion Engine<br />Jean Lenoir invented a two-stroke , internal combustion engine car, that was fueled by coal gas and that was triggered by an electric spark-ignition<br />Later Lenoir attached an improved version of the engine to a three-wheeled cart.<br />
  7. 7. The “Otto Cycle”<br />In 1876 Nicholas Otto invented a successful four-stroke engine, which came to be known as the “Otto Cycle”.<br />The first successful two-stroke engine was created by Scottish engineer, Sir Dugald Clerk, during the same year.<br />
  8. 8. First Driven Internal Combution Engine<br />Gottlieb Daimler and Karl Benz created the first vehicles driven using an internal combustion engine.<br />The vehicles worked like the cars we use today.<br />
  9. 9. Daimler Engine<br />In 1899 Frenchmen Rene Panhard and Emile Levassor set up the first manufacturers. 1n 1890, they built their first car using a Daimler engine<br />The next year Peugeot, another French company was formed.<br />
  10. 10. Maybach’s inventions<br />Maybach built the first four-cylinder, four stroke engine in 1890. <br />Three years later he developed the spray-nozzle carburetor. <br />10 years later a race car was developed also by him. He used lightweight metals, a 35-hp four-cylinder engine and 2 carburetors. It was named the Mercedes.<br />
  11. 11. Ford Motor Company<br />In 1903 the Ford Motor Company was formed. Ford became the biggest car manufacturer.<br />By 1927, fifteen million Model T’s had been manufactured. It was made in 93 minutes.<br />
  12. 12. Kettering Inventions<br />Charles Kettering invented the starter motor and the electric ignition, which were used to make cars start on their own.<br />He also introduced four-wheel brakes and independent suspension.<br />
  13. 13. By 1930 most of the automobile technology we use today had already been invented…<br />
  14. 14. Harmful Emissions<br />In 1965 controls on harmful emissions were announced.<br />More safety devices became mandatory.<br />
  15. 15. Antilock Braking System<br />In 1978 the first anitlock braking systems were developed for cars. They first appeared in cars and trucks manufactured by Mercedes Benz.<br />
  16. 16. Hybrid Engines<br />Gas and electric hybrid cars were developed by Honda and Toyota. They were introduced to America and Europe in 2002.<br />
  17. 17. Bibliography.Information and Pictures.<br />http://dictionary.reference.com/browse/car<br />http://www.treehugger.com/big-car-and-small-car-parked-photo246.jpg<br />http://www.firstscience.com/home/images/legacygallery/old_car.jpg<br />http://www.treehugger.com/toyota-iq-small-car-001.jpg-<br />http://dictionary.reference.com/browse/reputedly<br />http://2.bp.blogspot.com/_-z5CDZfrG4k/SwLGvLPlUmI/AAAAAAAAARQ/efs9HCXzodU/s1600/first+self-propelled+car.jpg<br />http://turbo.discovery.com/amazing-cars/timeline/timeline.html<br />http://germanhistorydocs.ghi-dc.org/images/20007006-r.jpg<br />http://blog.mercedes-benz-passion.com/wp-content/uploads/1024_451852_759075_3566_2454_64706587f423.jpg<br />http://media.photobucket.com/image/spray%20nozzle%20carburetor/cawimmer430MB01/MBMuseum01/1886-189915.jpg<br />
  18. 18. Bibliography (cont…)<br />http://chestofbooks.com/reference/Home-Cyclopedia-Of-General-Information/images/Locomotive-Steam-Engine-122.jpg<br />http://www.epamact.tennessee.edu/rice/images/Four_stroke_cycle_compression.jpg<br />http://www.diracdelta.co.uk/science/source/t/w/two-stroke%20engine/two-stroke.gif<br />http://cache.jalopnik.com/assets/resources/2008/01/FordLogoBlue_Top.jpg<br />http://www.ibtimes.com/data/articleimgs/209798-the-ford-motor-company-world-headquarters-is.jpg<br />http://www.justaircooled.co.uk/images/P/beetle%20parts%20starter%20motor.jpg<br />http://www.appalachiantrailers.com/09-catalog/wood-floor-car-hauler-trailers.jpg<br />http://www.blogcdn.com/www.autoblog.com/media/2006/01/car-safety.jpg<br />
  19. 19. Bibliography (cont…)<br />http://www.saferautomobiles.com/wp-content/uploads/2009/10/seatbelt_jpg.jpg<br />http://hdabob.com/ABS-Sys.jpg<br />http://cdn.physorg.com/newman/gfx/news/2006/hybrid_cars1.jpg<br />http://www.autos4fast.com/wp-content/uploads/2009/10/Hybrid-Cars-4.jpg<br />

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