The pasive voice

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Grammatical explanation of the passive voice form.

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The pasive voice

  1. 1. THE PASSIVE VOICE<br />
  2. 2. There are twotypes of passivevoicesentences:<br />1.- Passivevoicewithagent.<br />2. Passivevoicewithoutagent.<br />
  3. 3. 1. Passivevoicewithagent:<br />Thesesentences are thetransformation of active sentenceslikethisone:<br />“TheRomansoldiersdestroyedthecitywalls”<br />where<br />“TheRomansoldiers” isthesubject.<br />“destroyed” istheverbphrase.<br />And“thecitywalls” isthedirectobject.<br />
  4. 4. How do wetransforman active sentenceinto a passivesentence?<br />Wemustfollowthreesteps…<br />
  5. 5. Step 1<br />Thedirectobjet of the active sentencebecomesthesubject (Pacient) of thepassivesentence:<br /> Active<br />“TheRomansoldiersdestroyedthecitywalls”<br />Passive<br />“Thecitywalls…” isthepacientsubject.<br />
  6. 6. Step 2<br />Theverbchangeslikethis:<br />Weputtheverb “tobe” in the tense of the active voicesentence, followedbythe original verb in thepastparticipleform.<br />“TheRomansoldiersdestroyedthecitywalls”<br />Theverbis “destroy” in past simple, so in thepassivevoicewewillhave:<br />“Thecitywallsweredestroyed…”<br />
  7. 7. Step 3<br />The active subject (TheRomansoldiers), becomestheAgent, alwaysintroducedbythepreposition “by”. Thisway:<br />“TheRomansoldiersdestroyedthecitywalls”<br />becomes<br />“ThecitywallsweredestroyedbytheRomansoldiers”<br />
  8. 8. Otherexamples:<br />1.-“Thepolicemencaughtthethief.”<br />Passive: “Thethiefwascaughtbythepolicemen.”<br />2.- “Thelionswereeating a zebra.”<br />Passive: “A zebrawasbeingeatenbythelions.”<br />3.-”TheJapanesehaveinvented a new computer.”<br />Passive: “A new computer has beeninventedbytheJapanese.”<br />
  9. 9. 4.- “Spain won theWorld Cup in 2010.”<br />Passive: “TheWorld Cup was won bySpain in 2010.”<br />5.- “Mary ismakingthecoffee.”<br />Passive:“Thecoffeeisbeingmadeby Mary.”<br />
  10. 10. 2. Passivevoicewithoutagent.<br />Thetransformations are thesame, buttheagentdoesnotappear in thepassivevoicesentence, becauseitisnotimportantoritisnotknown. Forexample:<br />“Wefindadvertisingeverywhere.”<br />In passivevoiceis<br />“Advertisingisfoundeverywhere” <br />(byus).<br />
  11. 11. Passivevoicesentenceswithoutagentusually come from active sentenceswithsubjectslike:<br />Somebody, someone, they, people, etc…Subjectsthat do notgivemuchimportantinformation.<br />
  12. 12. Examples of passivevoicewithoutagent are:<br />1.- People admire goodsingers.<br />Passive: “Goodsingers are admired.”<br />2.- Somebody has brokenthewindow.<br />Passive: “Thewindow has beenbroken.”<br />3.- They are building a new town hall.<br />Passive: “A new town hall isbeingbuilt.”<br />
  13. 13. 4.- Nobody has photographedthebaby.<br />Passive: “Thebabyhasn’tbeenphotographed .”<br />5.- Someonestolethe new car yesterday.<br />Passivevoice: “The new car wasstolenyesterday.”<br />
  14. 14. DIFFERENT FORMS OF TO BE IN THE PASSIVE VOICE<br />
  15. 15. Negative and Questions<br />Thefirstelement in theverbphraseiscalledtheoperator. Forexample:<br />“The car wasbeingstolen.”<br />Thisistheoperator<br />Theoperatoris in charge of questions and answers.<br />
  16. 16. “People spend a lot of money on stupid things.”<br />AFFIRMATIVE<br />“A lot of money is spent on stupid things”<br />INTERROGATIVE<br />“Is a lot of moneyspentonstupidthings?<br />NEGATIVE<br />“A lot of moneyisn’tspentonstupidthings.”<br />
  17. 17. THE END<br />

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