CULTURE: KHALKHA
ASIA
Mongols.
PEOPLE FROM
MONGOLIA ARE
Mongolian
(Khalkha
dialect) = Halh
THEY SPEAK
Flag
Emblem
KHALKHAS LIVE IN MONGOLIA
THE CAPITAL IS
ULAANBAATAR
It is bordered by Russia to the
north and China to the south, east
and west.
GREETINGS
TYPICAL HOUSE
YURT or GER: It is made of wool and
wood.
They are khalkha nomads. They live in herding camps and ...
FOOD
Khorkhog (soup), served
with a plate of meat and
vegetables. Buuz (dumplings) Khuushuur (dumplings)
Boortsog (fried c...
CLOTHES
Mongols wear nice, richly decorated clothes
which compensate the simple, ascetic nomadic
lifestyle.
Men and women ...
FAMILY
The traditional Mongol family was patriarchal, it gave more importance to men in
comparison to women. Khalkha nomad...
RELIGION
CURRENCY
MEANS OF
TRANSPORT
Sleigh
Tibetan Buddhism, Shamanism (They believe in unseen
world of gods, demons and ...
Yaks
ANIMALS
Horses
Sheep
Goats
Cattle
Camels
Argalies
Marmot
Snow leopard
PLANTS
Ruibarbo
Saxaul
Karagana
pPasture Lands
Gobi Desert
Forests
Rhododendrons
Edelweiss
RIVER
MOUNTAINS
Khüiten peak
(4.374m.), in the
Mongol-Altai Range.
The longest river
in Mongolia is
Orkhon River
GEOGRAPHY...
Mongolian climate can be
described as continental with hot
short summers and long, dry and
very cold winters.
CLIMATE / WE...
JOBS
Most khalkha nomads are farmers who live and work on the collective
(community) farms, herding and cultivating. Khalk...
FAMOUS PEOPLE
He was a mongolian warrior and conqueror
that unified nomad tribes in the north of Asia,
founding the 1st mo...
SPORTSMUSIC & ART
THANGKAS (painting of a
religious scene on cotton or silk).
MOORIN KHUUR
It’s a musical
instrument.
BÖKH...
CURIOSITIES
Mongolian Paleontologic fossil
Mongolia's distance from the sea
and poor roads have contributed to
a poor econ...
CURIOSITIES
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Asia khalka

  1. 1. CULTURE: KHALKHA ASIA
  2. 2. Mongols. PEOPLE FROM MONGOLIA ARE Mongolian (Khalkha dialect) = Halh THEY SPEAK Flag Emblem KHALKHAS LIVE IN MONGOLIA
  3. 3. THE CAPITAL IS ULAANBAATAR It is bordered by Russia to the north and China to the south, east and west.
  4. 4. GREETINGS TYPICAL HOUSE YURT or GER: It is made of wool and wood. They are khalkha nomads. They live in herding camps and migrate seasonally (4-5 timeas a year) with their animals (horses, cattle, sheep) . HELLO = SAIN BAINA UU! (San Ban Oh)
  5. 5. FOOD Khorkhog (soup), served with a plate of meat and vegetables. Buuz (dumplings) Khuushuur (dumplings) Boortsog (fried cookies) Boodog (meat) They like… Khalkhas mainly eat fat, meat (mutton=lamb), milk and dairy products. Their favourite drink is airag or kumiss, which is fermented mare’s milk (female horse).
  6. 6. CLOTHES Mongols wear nice, richly decorated clothes which compensate the simple, ascetic nomadic lifestyle. Men and women both wear DEEL, a large overcoat made of cotton, wool, silk,…
  7. 7. FAMILY The traditional Mongol family was patriarchal, it gave more importance to men in comparison to women. Khalkha nomads marry very young (girls are 13-14 years old and boys are a little older). Urban khalkhas marry in their twenties. Birth control is discouraged in Mongolia. Families with six or more children are given financial benefits. Bride and groom
  8. 8. RELIGION CURRENCY MEANS OF TRANSPORT Sleigh Tibetan Buddhism, Shamanism (They believe in unseen world of gods, demons and spirits. Shamans, medicine men, cure the sick by magic, communicate with gods and control events) and also Islam. Mongolian Tugrik is the official currency of Mongolia. Khalkhas go on foot.
  9. 9. Yaks ANIMALS Horses Sheep Goats Cattle Camels Argalies Marmot Snow leopard
  10. 10. PLANTS Ruibarbo Saxaul Karagana pPasture Lands Gobi Desert Forests Rhododendrons Edelweiss
  11. 11. RIVER MOUNTAINS Khüiten peak (4.374m.), in the Mongol-Altai Range. The longest river in Mongolia is Orkhon River GEOGRAPHY DESERT Gobi Desert is one of the biggest and most important deserts in the world. LAKE Lake Baikal is the most voluminous freshwater lake in the world. Also, the deepest, the oldest and one of the clearest.
  12. 12. Mongolian climate can be described as continental with hot short summers and long, dry and very cold winters. CLIMATE / WEATHER It rains more in the north of Mongolia than in the south. It hardly rains in the desert.
  13. 13. JOBS Most khalkha nomads are farmers who live and work on the collective (community) farms, herding and cultivating. Khalkhas who live in the cities work on industry, mining and transport.
  14. 14. FAMOUS PEOPLE He was a mongolian warrior and conqueror that unified nomad tribes in the north of Asia, founding the 1st mongolian empire, the largest In the History. GENGHIS KHAN MONUMENTS GENGHIS KHAN STATUE AND MUSEUM
  15. 15. SPORTSMUSIC & ART THANGKAS (painting of a religious scene on cotton or silk). MOORIN KHUUR It’s a musical instrument. BÖKH (Mongolian Wrestling) HORSEMANSHIP ARCHERY KHOOMI = Mongolian throat singing. TSAM = Mongolian dance to make spirits go away.
  16. 16. CURIOSITIES Mongolian Paleontologic fossil Mongolia's distance from the sea and poor roads have contributed to a poor economy. One-third of the country lives in extreme poverty. Rape, murder, alcoholism, and violence are major problems in Mongolia's urban areas today. Many young people are also involved in criminal gangs.
  17. 17. CURIOSITIES

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