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Malware, short of malicious software, is any unwanted application which when entered into the system causes intentional harm to major areas.

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  1. 1. MalwareMalware, short of malicioussoftware, is any unwantedapplication which when entered intothe system causes intentional harmto major areas.
  2. 2. Types Of MalwareOne of the greatest threat that operating systems arefacing these days is the malware. These are the typesof Malware:AdwareSpywareToolbarsHijackersDialers
  3. 3. Types Of Malware Adware: This class ofmalicious software displaysadvertisement on the screen. Spyware: Transfers theinformation related to the user as well as tothe operating system to some third partyoperator. Toolbars: Plugs themselves into Webbrowsers and performs additional functions such aspop-up blockers and search forms.
  4. 4. Types Of Malware Hijackers: Gains control over the core areas of the web browser Dialers: Configuresthe setup of the systemto dial up on theInternet through anumber providedby the malware author.
  5. 5. Types Of Malware Trojans: Gains control over the entire set up of the system. Keyloggers: Records the keystrokes. Rootkits: Transfersthe control of thesystem to the author ofthe malware.
  6. 6. How Does A System Get Infected With Malware? Opening ofe-mails withattachments. Providing consent without reading the terms and conditions. Not upgrading to latest updates.
  7. 7. How Does A System Get Infected With Malware? Anti-virus scanner is not installed. Pirating ofmovies, music orsoftware. Installing infectious applications.
  8. 8. How To Remove Malware Disconnect the infected system from all network connections such as the Internet. Create a back upof those files whichare needed later on. Use the SafeMode utility to stop the operation of malware. This is useful because some malware have an auto-running feature.
  9. 9. How To Remove Malware Check the option of “My Network Places” and delete anything which you do not recognize. Reboot the system back to Safe Mode. The surface of the malware is taken care of. Review for any other errors. Go to “Add/Remove”options and delete theadware. Delete all the ActiveXcontrols, the temporaryfiles, the cache of the Webbrowser, cookies, history and temporary files.
  10. 10. How To Remove Malware Empty the recycle bin of every user. Create settings for firewallprogram and activate it. Log onto the Web and performa hard drive scan. Reboot the system on normal mode and check for any thing you might have missed.
  11. 11. What Malware Needs To Thrive PopularityThe operating system should be used by several operators so as tograb the attention of the virus writers or a hacker.The use of theoperating systemshould be widespread which meansthat it should beoperated by a largenumber of people soas to gain attention of thecyber criminal.
  12. 12. What Malware Needs To Thrive Availability Of DocumentationAvailability of completedocumentation is anatural reason for anyform of malware to enterinto the system.The operating system shouldbe abundantly and sufficiently documented on which the malware thrives very quickly.
  13. 13. What Malware Needs To Thrive Vulnerability of the operating systemIn order to infect a system, malwarerequires the system to be unprotectedor known vulnerabilitiesshould exist in itsprotection level.
  14. 14. Tips And WarningsMalware removing software can be used.Seek help immediately if the malware isevasive and invasive.Re-install Windows to stay on the safe side.Install a good anti-virus application.Download from reliable sources only.
  15. 15. Conclusion The world of malware is quite huge andscary as they have evolved into veryadvanced and sophisticated maliciousprograms. Protect yourself by knowingabout the basics so as to protect youroperating system and the preciousinformation saved in it!