Reading comprehension tips


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English Language ideas for a successful reading

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Reading comprehension tips

  1. 1. CEPA “Antonio Machado” (Puertollano)English LanguageReading Strategies
  2. 2. Before readingPredicting the content of the text.Unfamiliar words. Guessing the meaning from the context. Use the following analysis.Taking advantage of what you already know. It will help you to understand the text better.Distinguishing facts from opinions. Believe, think or consider (opinion). Adjectives as: horrible, fantastic, boring or interesting, express an opinion too.
  3. 3. While readingSkimming.You can often find the main ideas by reading the first and the last sentences of each paragraph.Key words. Get the general idea from repeated words.Cognates. They can help you to understand the main idea of the text. Beware of false friends!
  4. 4. While readingKey sentences. You can get the general idea of a text by reading the topic sentence of each paragraph.A topic sentence contains the main ideas.It is often the first or last sentence of a paragraph.Normally you can locate it by looking for sentences which predict someting or state an opinion.
  5. 5. While readingShort easy phrases or sentences. Dont panic if the text looks too difficult. Look for short, easy pieces of information to get the general idea of the text. Try to cut down long, difficult sentences into shorter, easier components.Scanning. Although the text seems difficult, it is sometimes enough to look for specific information.
  6. 6. After readingReference words are usually pronounsIt is important to know what the pronouns refer to. Example:Tom loved chats and was addicted to his computerParents should talk to teenagers about the problem of addiction to technology and find a solution for it. T #Página 13
  7. 7. After readingAnswering true or false questions.Read the sentences in the exercise first.Read the text carefully and locate the relevant information.Compare the sentences given with the information in the text. Decide if they are True or False.Rewrite the evidence from the text using your own words: The text says..., the author writes..., according to the text...
  8. 8. After readingUsing your own wordsNOT repeat questions. Remember: Do to answer the text1. Read the questions carefully and find the answers in the text.attention to the verb and pay close tense2. Think of other ways of answering using the In the question new structures and different words.3. You may use introductory expressions: according to the text/author,...4. You can also use the question to begin your answer.
  9. 9. After readingFinding synonyms in a text.Consider the part of the speech (noun, verb, adjective or adverb?).Look for words which belong to the same family of words.Replace the selected words from the text with your options in the exercise.Then check what youve written and decide if the words make sense in the sentence.
  10. 10. After readingReference words are usually pronouns which refer to a previously stated headword.1. Look for the reference word in the text.2. Identify what kind of pronoun is: subject, object, possessive...3. Look at the previous information in the text and identify the word/s it refers to.4. Substitute the reference word with the headword.5. Make sure the sentence makes sense.
  11. 11. After readingMatching paragraphs and headings. Read the whole paragraph. Get the general idea from the first and last sentences, keywords and cognates. Look for synonyms in the headings. Match them with the most suitable paragraph.
  12. 12. Unfamiliar wordsIs it a noun, an adjective or an adverb?Is there a preffix or a suffix?Is it a compound word? Can you recognise one ofthe words?Think of possible synonyms. Which would makesense in the sentence?If you still cant guess, try translating the sentencewithout that word. Try to determinate the meaning inyour language. Back
  13. 13. Reference wordsLook for the reference word in the text. Identify what kind of pronoun it is (subjetc, object,possessive)Look at the previous information in the text andidentify the word or words it refers to.Substitute the reference word with the headword.Make sure the sentence makes sense. Back
  14. 14. Reading_comprehension_tips.odp se encuentra bajo una Licencia Creative Commons Reconocimiento-NoComercial-SinObraDerivada 3.0 Unported. Sources:Tips and ideas were taken from the textbook Bachillerato Made Easy 2, Richmond Publishing, 2001First slide image (thinking man) has been taken from 6 image (light-bulb-bust) has been taken from José Luis Chamero García