The Soviet Breakup
During a long Cold War the USSR became
Soviet leader, Mikhail Gorbachev passed a
policy that gave the citizens the freedom of
This policy was called 'Glasnost'
The reform caused many problems, people
began to speak out against the government
First Estonia asked to secede from the
This triggered many other countries to also
begin speaking out against the government
in hope to secede
All of this caused many bloody disputes
Georgia, Ukraine, Moldova, Belorussia, and the
Central Asian republics kept pushing to secede
In August of 1991 the USSR was giving up
A group of communist kidnapped Gorbachev
and later in August 19 announced that
Gorbachev was really ill
Many protests broke out in major cities in
The were ordered to hold back the protestors
but they also rebelled
Knowing that they had lost the USSR finally
gave up in December 26, 1991
Lithuanians in Vilnius.
Lithuania was the first Country
to secede from the USSR
Citizens of soviet Azerbaijan block off military tanks off the road. January 22, 1990.
Soviet paratroopers inspect Lithuanian weapons.
The Gorbachev forced Lithuanians to
Surrender their weapons. March 26, 1990
Lithuanians protesting in Vilnius. This wall protected the Lithuanians from a possible
Soviet army attack on them.
A Soviet soldier waving the Russian flag
as armed troops leave Moscow.
Periphery: the edge or outskirts, as of a city or
Reform: the improvement or amendment of
what is wrong, corrupt, unsatisfactory.
Restructuring: to change, alter, or restore the
Russian. the program of economic and political
reform in the Soviet Union initiated by Mikhail
Gorbachev in 1986.