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Relative clauses

A power point to revise the use of relative pronouns.Denining and non-defining relative clauses. Suitable for pre.intermediate.

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Relative clauses

  1. 1. RELATIVE CLAUSES
  2. 2. DEFINING RELATIVE CLAUSE <ul><li>We use defining relative clauses to add essential information to a sentence. The clause goes immediately after the noun it describes. </li></ul><ul><li>“ This is the man who s old me the car.” </li></ul>
  3. 3. <ul><li>We use relative pronouns : </li></ul><ul><ul><li>who , that – for people </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>which , that – for objects </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>where – for places </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>whose – to talk about possession </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>when , that – for a time </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>why , that – for a reason </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>whom – for object pronouns (people) </li></ul></ul>
  4. 4. <ul><li>He is the man who / that owns this car. </li></ul><ul><li>This is the house where I was born. </li></ul><ul><li>The girl whose party I went to phoned me. </li></ul>
  5. 5. <ul><li>We can leave out who , which , that , whose , when the clause is the object of a sentence. </li></ul><ul><li>“ The doctor I spoke to told me not to worry.” </li></ul><ul><li>“ The man I saw was very rude.” </li></ul><ul><li>“ Mr Smith is the teacher my son likes best.” </li></ul>
  6. 6. <ul><li>We can’t leave out the relative pronoun in a defining relative clause that refers to the subject . </li></ul><ul><li>“ The doctor who treated me told me not to worry.” </li></ul><ul><li>“ That’s the dog that attacked my children” </li></ul>
  7. 7. <ul><li>In defining relative clauses why and when , unlike where can be omitted </li></ul><ul><li>I'd like to know the reason (why) he decided not to come </li></ul><ul><li>BUT! She always had wanted to go to a place where she could speak her native tongue </li></ul>
  8. 8. NON-DEFINING RELATIVE CLAUSE <ul><li>We use non-defining relative clauses to add non-essential information to a sentence. The clause goes immediately after the noun it describes. If we removed the relative clause, the sentence would still make sense of its own. </li></ul><ul><li>“ Pedro, who is my brother , lives in Astillero.” </li></ul>
  9. 9. <ul><li>We use commas to separate a no-defining clause from the rest of the sentence. </li></ul>
  10. 10. <ul><li>We use relative pronouns : </li></ul><ul><ul><li>who – for people </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>which – for things </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>where – for places </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>when – for time </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>whose – for possession </li></ul></ul><ul><li>“ Santander, where I live , is a beautiful city.” </li></ul><ul><li>“ My father, who is sixty four , is going to retire soon.” </li></ul>
  11. 11. <ul><li>We can’t leave out the relative pronoun in non-defining relative clauses. </li></ul><ul><li>“ John, who is English , helped me write the essay.” </li></ul>
  12. 12. Complete the sentences with a suitable relative pronoun if necessary . <ul><li>Is that the book _________ you read last month? </li></ul><ul><li>Is this the film _________ won three Oscars? </li></ul><ul><li>This is the shop ________ they sell Mexican food. </li></ul><ul><li>Last summer I met a girl _________ father is a famous lawyer. </li></ul><ul><li>An engineer is a person ________ plans, makes or repairs things like machines, roads or bridges. </li></ul><ul><li>My neighbour works for a company _______ builds roads. </li></ul><ul><li>This is the town _________ my mother grew up. </li></ul>
  13. 13. Complete the sentences with a suitable relative pronoun if necessary . <ul><li>A tin opener is a thing ____ you open things with. </li></ul><ul><li>Palencia is the city _______ my mother was born. </li></ul><ul><li>This the company ________ my brother works for. </li></ul><ul><li>The stage on ________ the new play was performed was very small. </li></ul><ul><li>I didn’t enjoy the film ________ we saw last night. </li></ul><ul><li>The sofa on _______ we were sitting collapsed. </li></ul><ul><li>An air hostess is woman ________ job is to look after people on a plane. </li></ul><ul><li>Here is the book _____ you have been looking for. </li></ul>

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