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Chapter 1

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Chapter 1

  1. 1. Chapter 1: People, Politics, and Participation A More Perfect Union 1/e
  2. 2. People, Politics, and Participation• Why Should You Study American Democracy Now? – How Technology Has Changed Politics – The Political Context Now ©2011, The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All Rights Reserved. 2
  3. 3. ©2011, The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All Rights Reserved. 3
  4. 4. People, Politics, and Participation• What Government Does – Protect Their Sovereign Territory – Preserve Order and Stability – Establish and Maintain a Legal System – Provide Public Goods and Services – Raise and Spend Money – Socialize New Generations ©2011, The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All Rights Reserved. 4
  5. 5. People, Politics, and Participation• Types of Government – Monarchy – Oligarchy – Democracy – Totalitarian – Authoritarian – Constitutionalism ©2011, The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All Rights Reserved. 5
  6. 6. People, Politics, and Participation• Origins of American Democracy – Democracy’s Origins in Popular Protest: The Influence of the Reformation and the Enlightenment – Modern Political Philosophy: Hobbes and Locke – The Creation of the United States as an Experiment in Representative Democracy ©2011, The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All Rights Reserved. 6
  7. 7. People, Politics, and Participation• Political Culture and American Values – Liberty – Equality – Capitalism – Consent of the Governed – Individual, Family, and Community ©2011, The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All Rights Reserved. 7
  8. 8. People, Politics, and Participation• The Changing Face of American Democracy – A Population That Is Growing—and on the Move – An Aging Population – A Changing Complexion: Race and Ethnicity in the United States Today – Changing Households: American Families Today – Why the Changing Population Matters for Politics and Government ©2011, The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All Rights Reserved. 8
  9. 9. ©2011, The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All Rights Reserved. 9
  10. 10. ©2011, The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All Rights Reserved. 10
  11. 11. ©2011, The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All Rights Reserved. 11
  12. 12. ©2011, The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All Rights Reserved. 12
  13. 13. ©2011, The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All Rights Reserved. 13
  14. 14. People, Politics, and Participation• Ideology: A Prism for Viewing American Democracy – Liberalism – Conservatism – Other Ideologies—Socialism and Libertarianism – A Three-Dimensional Political Spectrum – Civic Engagement: Acting on Your Views ©2011, The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All Rights Reserved. 14
  15. 15. ©2011, The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All Rights Reserved. 15
  16. 16. Chapter One California Contrasts
  17. 17. Government“The set of organizations,processes, and rules thatcontrol a land and itspeople.”
  18. 18. Government“Everything, without exception,that affects our lives, livelihood,and well-being—and the lives,livelihood, and well-being of ourloved ones and community—involves government.”
  19. 19. Photo courtesy of NASA
  20. 20. Exhibit 1-2 California’s Population Growth Source: California Department of Finance
  21. 21. Exhibit 1-3 Percent Hispanic or Latino, U.S. Counties, 2000 U.S. Bureau of the Census
  22. 22. Exhibit 1-4 Components of Population Growth in California
  23. 23. Exhibit 1-5 Racial Distribution of California’s Population -10% +106% +85%
  24. 24. Exhibit 1-6 Political Party Registration in California Why is California a “blue state?”
  25. 25. Exhibit 1-7Land Use inCalifornia
  26. 26. Exhibit 1-8Regions ofCalifornia

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