Migraines affect almost 30 million Americans every year and are more common in women than men. Migraines are a neurologica...
Symptoms <ul><li>Moderate 0r severe pain to one side of the head </li></ul><ul><li>Head pain and pulsating or throbbing </...
Signs <ul><li>See sparkling flashes of light </li></ul><ul><li>See zig zag lines in your vision </li></ul><ul><li>Experien...
Triggers <ul><li>Triggers* for Migraines include: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Allergies </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Light, sound ...
Types migraines <ul><li>Migraine without Aura </li></ul><ul><ul><li>This is a migraine that is cause by changes in arterie...
  Hemiplegic Migraine <ul><li>Most rare but painful with aura. </li></ul><ul><li>Temporary motor paralysis  and possible s...
Ophthamoplegic Migraines <ul><li>Rare but severe </li></ul><ul><li>Can last from a few days to months </li></ul><ul><li>Th...
Retinal Migraine <ul><li>This type starts with a temporary, partial, or complete loss of vision in one eye.  </li></ul><ul...
Abdominal Migraine <ul><li>Associated with pain in the abdomen </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Nausea, vomiting and diarrhea may occ...
Treatment  Migraines <ul><li>Depends on </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Type of migraine </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Severity and fre...
Types of Treatment <ul><li>Abortive Treatment </li></ul><ul><li>Preventative Treatment </li></ul>
Abortive Treatment <ul><li>Refers to the use of medications to end the severity of the headache </li></ul><ul><li>Can be m...
Nonmedication-based abortive treatment <ul><li>Rest!!! </li></ul><ul><li>Go to a dark, quiet room and try to sleep  </li><...
Medication-Based Abortive Treatment <ul><li>For infrequent mild-to-moderate  attacks </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Acetaminophen, ...
Side Effects of Abortive Treatment <ul><li>Nausea </li></ul><ul><li>Redness around the injection site </li></ul><ul><li>Fl...
Preventative Treatment  <ul><li>Used to prevent severe migraines from occurring as frequently  </li></ul><ul><li>Can be me...
Nonmedication-Based Preventative Treatment <ul><li>Learn what triggers the migraines </li></ul><ul><li>Lifestyle Change </...
Medication-Based Preventative Treatment <ul><li>Beta Blockers </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Used by people with hypertension, card...
Affects of Treatment <ul><li>Drowsiness </li></ul><ul><li>Dry mouth </li></ul><ul><li>Constipation </li></ul><ul><li>Weigh...
Works Cited <ul><li>All photos provided by flickr.com and gettyimages.com </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.webmd.com/migraines...
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Migranes

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Migranes

  1. 1. Migraines affect almost 30 million Americans every year and are more common in women than men. Migraines are a neurological disorder which can cause severe pain and a feeling of pulsating in one side of the brain.
  2. 2. Symptoms <ul><li>Moderate 0r severe pain to one side of the head </li></ul><ul><li>Head pain and pulsating or throbbing </li></ul><ul><li>Pain worsens with physical activity </li></ul><ul><li>Pain interferes with regular activity </li></ul><ul><li>Nausea which may cause vomiting </li></ul><ul><li>Sensitivity to light and sounds </li></ul>
  3. 3. Signs <ul><li>See sparkling flashes of light </li></ul><ul><li>See zig zag lines in your vision </li></ul><ul><li>Experience blind spots in vision </li></ul><ul><li>Felling of tingling pins and needle sensations in arms and legs </li></ul><ul><li>Experience language and speech problems (Rarely) </li></ul>
  4. 4. Triggers <ul><li>Triggers* for Migraines include: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Allergies </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Light, sound or certain odors </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Stress </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Dehydration </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Starvation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Foods containing tyramine and preserved meats </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>*Triggers vary from person to person </li></ul></ul>
  5. 5. Types migraines <ul><li>Migraine without Aura </li></ul><ul><ul><li>This is a migraine that is cause by changes in arteries of the head which constrict the blood vessel, causing the pain. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Migraine with Aura </li></ul><ul><ul><li>This is the type of migraine were you suffer visual problems </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Ex. Jagged lines, dots, flashing lights, tunnel vision </li></ul></ul></ul>
  6. 6. Hemiplegic Migraine <ul><li>Most rare but painful with aura. </li></ul><ul><li>Temporary motor paralysis and possible sensory disturbance </li></ul>
  7. 7. Ophthamoplegic Migraines <ul><li>Rare but severe </li></ul><ul><li>Can last from a few days to months </li></ul><ul><li>The target area is around the eyeball </li></ul>
  8. 8. Retinal Migraine <ul><li>This type starts with a temporary, partial, or complete loss of vision in one eye. </li></ul><ul><li>It is followed by a dull ache behind that eye </li></ul><ul><ul><li>may spread to the rest of the head. </li></ul></ul>
  9. 9. Abdominal Migraine <ul><li>Associated with pain in the abdomen </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Nausea, vomiting and diarrhea may occur </li></ul></ul><ul><li>The attack typically lasts hours and occurs mostly in children </li></ul>
  10. 10. Treatment Migraines <ul><li>Depends on </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Type of migraine </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Severity and frequency of symptoms </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Expectations of treatment </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Other medical problems </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Tolerance to medication </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Personal preferences </li></ul></ul>
  11. 11. Types of Treatment <ul><li>Abortive Treatment </li></ul><ul><li>Preventative Treatment </li></ul>
  12. 12. Abortive Treatment <ul><li>Refers to the use of medications to end the severity of the headache </li></ul><ul><li>Can be medication or non-medication based </li></ul>
  13. 13. Nonmedication-based abortive treatment <ul><li>Rest!!! </li></ul><ul><li>Go to a dark, quiet room and try to sleep </li></ul><ul><li>Apply hot or cold compresses to the head and neck </li></ul><ul><li>Apply gentle pressure to painful areas (head and neck massage) </li></ul><ul><li>Drink small amounts of caffeine </li></ul>
  14. 14. Medication-Based Abortive Treatment <ul><li>For infrequent mild-to-moderate attacks </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Acetaminophen, aspirin, ibuprofen </li></ul></ul><ul><li>For frequent severe migraines </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Ergotamines </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Triptans </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Hormonal Treatment </li></ul></ul>
  15. 15. Side Effects of Abortive Treatment <ul><li>Nausea </li></ul><ul><li>Redness around the injection site </li></ul><ul><li>Flushing </li></ul><ul><li>Weakness </li></ul><ul><li>Drowsiness </li></ul><ul><li>Vomiting </li></ul>
  16. 16. Preventative Treatment <ul><li>Used to prevent severe migraines from occurring as frequently </li></ul><ul><li>Can be medication or non-medication based </li></ul>
  17. 17. Nonmedication-Based Preventative Treatment <ul><li>Learn what triggers the migraines </li></ul><ul><li>Lifestyle Change </li></ul><ul><li>Use nontraditional therapies </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Acupuncture </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Biofeedback </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Massage </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Herbs and Vitamins </li></ul></ul>
  18. 18. Medication-Based Preventative Treatment <ul><li>Beta Blockers </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Used by people with hypertension, cardiovascular disease and migraines </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Tricyclic Antidepressants </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Used by people with depression and migraines </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Calcium Channel Blockers </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Used by people with hypertension, cardiovascular disease and migraines </li></ul></ul>
  19. 19. Affects of Treatment <ul><li>Drowsiness </li></ul><ul><li>Dry mouth </li></ul><ul><li>Constipation </li></ul><ul><li>Weight gain </li></ul><ul><li>Nausea </li></ul><ul><li>Fluid Retention </li></ul><ul><li>Low Blood Pressure </li></ul>
  20. 20. Works Cited <ul><li>All photos provided by flickr.com and gettyimages.com </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.webmd.com/migraines-headaches/default.htm </li></ul><ul><li>http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Migraine </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.migraineinfo.com </li></ul>

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