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Reading and writing music


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Presentation about reading and writing music for students at IES Santa Brígida. Bilingual group in 2nd year ESO.

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Reading and writing music

  1. 1. Reading and writing Music <br />CLEF<br />These symbols at thestarttellyouhowhighorlowtoplaythe notes<br />NOTE<br />Each note isshownby a separateoval.The symbol alsotellsyouhowlongorshortthe note is.<br />BEATS<br />Each bar has thesamenumber of beats<br />CHORD<br />More thanone note playedtogethermakes a chord<br />STAVE<br />Notes can goonorbetweenthesefivelines, oronseparate short linesaboveorbelow.<br />TIME SIGNATURE<br />Thenumberstellyouaboutthebeats in a bar<br />PITCH<br />Notes higher up thestavehave a higher pitch. Notes lowerdownhave a lower pitch.<br />BAR<br />The vertical bar linessplitthemusicintobars<br />
  2. 2. Clefs<br />Clefs are the symbols that you find right at the start of most written music.<br /> <br /><br />The treble clef is the most common clef. <br />It is used for quite high melody instruments: flute, clarinet, violin,..<br />Thebassclefisusedforlow, bassinstrumentslikethe tuba, trombone,…<br />
  3. 3. Trebleclef<br /><br />sol<br />_____<br />_____<br />Middle C<br />fa<br /><br />Bass clef<br />
  4. 4. Time Signatures<br />2<br />4<br />4<br />4<br />3<br />4<br />Those two numbers at the beginning of a piece of music tell you <br />how many beats there are in a bar and how long they are.<br />If you listen a bit harder, you can hear that some beats are stronger than others. The strong beats come at regular intervals, usually every 2,3 or 4 beats. The strong beat is the first beat of each bar.<br />The time signature goes to the right of the clef. It`s written using two numbers. <br />3<br />4<br /><br />
  5. 5. The top number tells you how many beats there are in each bar.<br />3<br />Three beats Three beats<br />4<br /><br />The bottom number tells you how long each beat is<br />3<br />2<br />3<br />8<br />3<br />16<br />3<br />4<br />CROTCHET<br />QUARTER NOTE<br />QUAVER<br />EIGHT NOTE<br />SEMIQUAVER<br />SIXTEENTH NOTE<br /> MINIM <br />HALF NOTE<br />