+ AGENDA Common Writing Errors: Spelling out or using figures for numbers incorrectly In-class essay: choosing one for the portfolio Out of class essay: choosing one for the portfolio Out of class essay: revision strategies Works Cited page In-text Citations Reflective Essay : Essay 5 Lecture: Content and Format In-class writing: Reflective Essay
+ Common Writing Errors: Spelling out or using figures for numbers incorrectly Rule 1 Spell out single-digit whole numbers. Use numerals for numbers Correct: My 10 cats fought with their 2 cats. My ten cats fought with their two cats. greater than nine. Examples: I want five copies. I want 10 copies. Incorrect: I asked for five pencils, not 50. e.g. A minimum of 6 eggs went into that batter. If you have numbers in different categories, use numerals for one category and spell out the other. Given Rule 2 Be consistent within a the budget constraints, if all 30 history category. For example, if you choose students attend the four plays, then the numerals because one of the 7 math students will be able to attend numbers is greater than nine, use only two plays. numerals for all numbers in that (Students are represented with category. If you choose to spell out numbers because one of the figures; plays are represented with numbers is a single digit, spell out all words.) numbers in that category.
+ In-class essay: choosing one for the portfolio Does it have a clear thesis that Do the body paragraphs support the thesis? addresses the prompt? Do you have topic sentences? Have you answered the Do you have evidence to question that the prompt support your assertion gives? Do explain your evidence? Do you have transitions? Do you have a counterargument? Do the introduction and conclusion frame the essay? Have you addressed common Does your introduction catch the attention of arguments against your the reader? assertion? Does your conclusion wrap up the essay by Did you either refute or providing insights, a prediction of the future, a warning, or another ending that brings accommodate those arguments? closure to your essay?
+ Out of class essay: choosing one for the portfolio Does it have a clear thesis that Do the body paragraphs support the thesis? addresses the prompt? Do you have topic sentences? Have you answered the Do you have evidence to question that the prompt support your assertion gives? Do explain your evidence? Do you have transitions? Do you have a counterargument? Do the introduction and conclusion frame the essay? Have you addressed common Does your introduction catch the attention of arguments against your the reader? assertion? Does your conclusion wrap up the essay by Did you either refute or providing insights, a prediction of the future, a warning, or another ending that accommodate those arguments? brings closure to your essay?
+ Out of class essay: revision strategies Works Cited Entries
+ Out of class essay: revision strategies Works Cited Entries
+ In-Text Citations Whether you quote, summarize, or paraphrase, you MUST cite your sources.Generally, the first time we use a source in a paper, whether it be through aparaphrase or a quote, its a good idea to use the author(s) full name(s) and thetitle of the source we are using in the actual sentence so that readers feel that wehave introduced the source to them. After we have introduced the source, itsperfectly acceptable to refer to the author by his or her last name or even to leavethe name out of the body of our text and simply include it in the citation.First use:In his Narrative of the Life of Frederick Douglass, An American Slave, Written byHimself, Frederick Douglass argues that "Slavery proved as injurious [to slave holders]as it did to me" (31).Second use:Douglass earlier argues that slavery was "a fatal poison of irresponsible power" to slaveholders (29).Third use:The use of the word "hypocrites!" suggests that even the religious faith of the slaveholders was tainted by their ownership of other humans (Douglass 77).
+ Punctuating QuotesPunctuating quotes can be frustrating because we often getconfused about where to put punctuation.
+ Quotes within QuotesOne of the messiest types of quotes to punctuate is a quote within a quote.Sometimes we want to use quoted dialogue or a quote that includes a wordset off by quotation marks. To mark a quotation within the text we want toquote in our own paper, we need to enclose them in single quotation marks(. . .):ORIGINAL TEXT:I got hold of a book entitled "The Columbian Orator." (FD 32)QUOTED TEXT:Because Douglass "got hold of a book entitled The Columbian Orator," hewas able to learn how to read and broaden his mind.Notice that the comma at the end of the quote goes inside not only thedouble quote but the single quote mark as well.
+ Block QuotesOne problem that occurs when we are working with longerquotes is that our paragraphs grow to be huge on the page.In order to give the reader a visual break, we use blockquotes to physically separate the quote from the rest of ourtext. Current MLA style states that prose text over four linesshould be put in a block quote. The MLA wants us to DOUBLE-SPACE the block quote and indent TEN spaces from the LEFT margin.
+ Block QuotesNotice too that the block quoteis technically part of thepreceding sentence because ofthe use of a colon at the end ofthe introductory statement. Wealso do not indent the text afterthe end of the block quote; weare still in the same paragraph.Be aware that the parentheticalcitation goes outside the finalperiod. Finally, note that we donot use quotation marks in ablock quote; the indentationtells readers that it is a quote.
+ EllipsesOne final note on: we do not need to put an ellipse at the beginning or end of aquote if we do not start the quote at the beginning of the sentence and end it atthe close of the sentence. Thus, if we want to quote the phrase "beings of myown species had greater claims," we do not have to include an ellipse before orafter the quote: ORIGNIAL TEXT: My duties towards the beings of my own species had greater claims to my attention, because they included a greater proportion of happiness or misery. INCORRECT QUOTE: By arguing that ". . . beings of my own species had greater claims . . ." (184), Frankenstein in essence displays a racist attitude. CORRECT QUOTE: By arguing that "beings of my own species had greater claims" (184), Frankenstein in essence displays a racist attitude.
+ Reflective Essay : Essay 5 Lecture: Content and FormatContent: Write an essay of at least two pages (500 words) tolook back on your progress in writing this quarter and explainwhy you are ready to go to EWRT1A. This goes in the front ofyour portfolio, as an introduction to your work for the teachersevaluating the portfolio.Review all the work youve done for the class. Consider why youchose the essays in your portfolio and how they show yourreadiness for EWRT1A. Give specific examples from theseessays to show your improvements.
+ Audience: De Anza English teachers What were looking for in the reflective essay: Clear organization Well-developed, focused paragraphs Specific examples, details Well-constructed sentences Correct grammar and punctuation Form: typed, double-spaced, MLA, proper citations, and works cited page Due: This essay is due as part of your portfolio on March 22nd.
+ Ways to Begin Discuss what you have Include how your writing learned in LART 211 or EWRT has changed as a result of what 211. This might include you have learned in this class. Remember to provide specific practice in evidence for your claims. organization, analysis, develop ment, vivid examples, construction of better What still needs sentences, proofreading, writin improvement? Write about what g process, and so on. You also youd still like to work on with your writing. Remember that all of may include learning from us are still trying to be better EWRT 212 or Readiness writers, so what are you going to classes. focus on in 1A and beyond?
+ Begin Reflective Essay (#5) by making an outline Intro: Personal history of your writing experience? Anecdote about how you felt about being placed in 211? Anecdote about an epiphany? Funny story? Sad story? Thesis: My writing has significantly improved in 211 Body 1 will be about the in-class essay you choose to submit Why did you choose this essay? What specific strategies did you use to improve your writing? How did each strategy change your writing? Body 2 will be about the out-of class essay you choose to submit Why did you choose this essay? What specific strategies did you use to improve your writing? How did each strategy change your writing? Body 3 will be about your goals for your own writing. Where do you need to improve your writing? What do you want to work on next year in your Reading, 1A, 1B, or 1C classes? Conclusion Why you are ready to go on to 1A or How has your writing changed as a result of what you learned in this class
+ Strategies to consider: Commitment Process Sentence types and Brainstormingwith construction FREECASH Grammar Organization Eliminating passive Outlining sentences Examples Formatting Explanation Works Cited Page Definition Research
+ Reflective Essay : Essay 5 In-class writing: Reflective Essay Get out your computer, your outline, or a clean piece of paper and begin writing!
+ Homework 1. Revise one in-class essay for your portfolio 2. Write your reflective essay 3. Get a folder to serve as your portfolio