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Class 43


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Class 43

  1. 1. EWRT 1A
  2. 2.  (600 - 800 words) 100 pts. (4-7 minutes) Assignment: Write a speech 600-800 words in length (four to seven minutes of presentation). Prompt: Write a speech (based on essay #4) proposing a solution to a well-defined problem faced by a community or group to which you may belong. Alternatively, you may address a well-defined problem faced by one of the districts or communities in The Hunger Games. Address your proposal to your audience: one or more members of the group, its leadership, or to outsiders who may be able to contribute to solving the problem. Present your speech to the class to convince them that your ideas are correct.
  3. 3.  You will turn in a formal written version of your speech (MLA style). You will perform your speech in class. Speech Form: You may give your presentation as a formal speech; in other words, you may read in front of the class. You may video yourself, put up the video on YouTube and then show it during class. You may combine the possibilities by, for example, playing a video in the background as you talk to the class. You may engage others in your presentation as long as they have a clear role in what you are doing. You may suggest another form. Possible structures for your presentation: You may act as an attorney arguing in court. You may persuade in part through a skit and then explain what the skit shows. You make an infomercial. You may pretend that you are a guest on a television talk show. You may use your original format if you clear it with me beforehand.
  4. 4. King followed Monroe‟s motivated sequence: A Method in Five Steps! The five steps of the Monroe motivated sequence  attention  need  satisfaction  visualization  action
  5. 5.  Inthe attention step, speakers call attention to the situation. King, speaking from the steps of the Lincoln Memorial, calls attention to Lincoln‟s signing of the Emancipation Proclamation, the situation of the Negro today (“One hundred years later, the Negro still is not free.”), and the fact that the words of the Constitution and Declaration of Independence granting all people the unalienable rights of life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness have not been fulfilled.
  6. 6.  For the need step, speakers describe the difficulty, trouble, distress, crisis, emergency, or urgency. King says, “Instead of honoring this sacred obligation [what the Constitution and Declaration of Independence promise], America has given the Negro people a bad check, a check that has come back marked „insufficient funds.‟” And why have they come to Washington, D.C.? — to “remind America of the fierce urgency of now.”
  7. 7.  In the satisfaction step, speakers tell listeners how to satisfy the need they establish. King says, “We must make the pledge that we shall always march ahead.” To march ahead, he said, “We can never be satisfied.” Then he tells listeners to go back home knowing their situation can and will be changed.
  8. 8.  For visualization, speakers offer listeners a vision of what life can be once their solution (offered in the satisfaction step) is adopted. This is where King offers listeners his dream: “I have a dream” offered along with five different descriptions of what life can and will be like in Georgia, Mississippi, Alabama, in communities, and around the world.
  9. 9. The final stage is theaction step whenspeakers offer listeners aspecific course of actionto follow. King‟s actionstep occurs when he askshis audience to “Letfreedom ring,” and heuses the phrase at theend of the speechfocusing on eight statessymbolizing the wholenation.
  10. 10. GET OUTYOUR ESSAY #4
  11. 11. ESSAY OUTLINE SPEECH OUTLINEI. Presentation of the problem I. In the attention step, speakers call A. Its existence attention to the situation. (The Problem) B. Its seriousness II. For the need step, speakers describe C. Its causes the difficulty, trouble, distress, crisis,II. Consequences of failing to solve the emergency, or urgency. (Itsproblem Seriousness)III. Description of the proposed solution III. In the satisfaction step, speakers tellIV. List of steps for implementing the solution listeners how to satisfy the need theyV. Reasons and support for the solution establish. (The Solution) IV. For visualization, speakers offer A. Acknowledgment of objections listeners a vision of what life can be B. Accommodation or refutation of once their solution (offered in the objections satisfaction step) is adopted. (TheVI. Consideration of alternative solutions and Promise)their disadvantages V. The final stage is the action stepVII. Restatement of the proposed solution when speakers offer listeners aand its advantages specific course of action to follow. (Call to Action: Conclusion)
  12. 12.  Post # 47 Rearrange your essay #4 into a draft of your speech using Monroe‟s motivated sequence. Your speech should be shorter. Remember to save your essay format. Be prepared to discuss King‟s rhetorical strategies: (Bring your Post # 46 to class) Bring your speech to class Study Vocab. Test #5 tomorrow.