FOUR STANDARDS• Value: concerns light; refers to the range of light in the photo-The more contrast a photograph has (the wider the range between its darkestand lightest elements), the greater impact it will have on the human eye.• Clarity: whether the photograph is correctly focused-To determine whether or not the photo is in focus, ask yourself what is infocus? Should that object be in focus? Next, ask yourself what is not in focus.Should it be?-If the background is clear enough to provide a context, but not steal theattention from the subject, the background is usually focused correctly.
FOUR STANDARDS CON’T• Presentation: is the photograph clean?• Look for:-scratches, white flecks, etc. that should not be on the negative• Composition consists of…• Point of Interest: ask yourself if there is a clear point of interest. Does it stand out or get lost in its surroundings? A good photo will have one dominant focus• Cropping: the way a picture is framed should include the important elements and eliminate wasted space-The balance of the photograph should be even. Look for pictures that aretop-heavy or lop sided.
FOUR STANDARDS CON’T• Cropping (con’t)-Compositions can be balanced in two ways: static or dynamic-Static: stands still, focus the object in the center-Dynamic: movement, focus the object towards one of the sides or thecorners• Lines: lines and curves can point focus towards an object and can be vital to the eye’s focus. If a line distracts or pulls the eye away from the intended focus, it is a negative line in the photo.
SAMPLE CRITIQUEThe photograph’s contrast is a little weak. Some of the areas are gray andbothersome because it seems like a light gray film is covering the entire photo.However, since the background and the woman’s shirt are both very dark, andher skin and hair are very light, they contrast each other nicely. All elementsof the subject are very clear.
SAMPLE CRITIQUE 2The photograph is very clear and focused. The point of interest is to the rightof the photo which gives the eye something different to look for. The colors contrast each other nicely and although the gorilla blends in to the dark background, the green of the plants make him stand out.
SAMPLE CRITIQUE 3All of the elements of this photo are attractive to the eye. The colors contrasteach other nicely and the sky brings the eye’s attention to the house, which is a bright color. It is a focused photo and the trees naturally frame the housewhich makes it pleasing for the viewer. The photo has a nice balance however some of the elements get lost in their surroundings because there are a few main focal points.