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Functions of a business


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Functions of a business

  1. 1.  Sales  Purchasing  Manufacturing ACTIVITY: Explain what the role is of each of these departments within a business. What do they do?  Administration  Customer  Logistics  Finance  Human service resources  IT support  Marketing  Research and Development (R and D)  Legal
  2. 2. The sales department is involved in selling the products and services offered by a business. They will: Visit and talk to customers Take orders and negotiate prices Keep customers informed about new products and services Keep a record of how much has been sold.
  3. 3. The purchasing department within a business will purchase the products for that business. They will have to find the right place to buy the products from the manufacturers businesses; then goes to the sales department. Some organisations are self – sufficient as large automotive corporations buy parts from component manufacturers. So basically the purchasing department task is to make sure that everything is organised to carry out the business.
  4. 4. The manufacturing department are workers that make the products with materials that they are giving to make a product. This is a hard job role roll as you got to make sure that the products are made good and test it out to see if it is working like a car, you need to see if it is working such as the radio.
  5. 5. The administration department is that they keep the business altogether. For example, if a teacher wanted something photocopied and has not got the time to do it then these will do it for them to keep them going so basically it will be an office in a school that does this.
  6. 6. The customer service department is people who work in part of a business dealing with customers that either: • Have a product that is faulty • The cost of a product is more then what the shelf said • Didn’t want the product • Got the wrong product • Wants to know how the business works • Complaining about a product • The product doesn’t work
  7. 7. The logistics department is one of the main functions within a company as they can see what all of the other departments within a business. The main targets that they have are divided up into performance and cost related there are: • High due date reliability • Short delivery times • Low inventory level • High capacity utilization
  8. 8. The finance department make sure that it manages its money and give the government money and back out. They have to plan, organize, auditing, accounting for controlling and its company finances. They usually produce the company’s financial statements.
  9. 9. The human resources department is set of individuals who make up for the business of an organization, business sector or an economy. Terms that can be used for this are: • Manpower • Talent • Labour • People
  10. 10. The IT support department is people who make sure within a business are: • Make sure the network is up and running at its best • Fix computers within the business • update computers when needed • They get the materials to fix a computer • They have to find out where to get the parts to fix a computer.
  11. 11. The marketing department is communicating the value of a product or a service to a customer. Marketing might also be used for selling products that was in the business. The main target is to sell stuff so the business can earn more money by being in 2 places or more.
  12. 12. The research and development or RnD are a group of people within a business to research different company from company and then another job is to develop new products within the business and knowledge them. So they research to find out different products but also create new ones in replace this will help earn more money within in the business.
  13. 13. The only main job of the legal department is that it deals with the legal matters within a business.
  14. 14. Sales •Sales Manager •Sales Assistant •Sales Director •Retail Sales Supervisor •Salesman •Sales Product Development Manager •Sales Advisor •Regional Sales Director •Regional Sales Manager •Parts Salesperson Purchasing Manufacturer •Aeronautical engineer • Purchasing manager •Automotive engineer • Purchasing officer • Purchasing agent •Chemical development engineer • Purchasing Associate •Electrical engineer • Purchasing Assistant •Electronics engineer • Purchasing Analyst •Manufacturing engineer • Purchasing Administrator •Mechanical engineer • Director of Purchasing •Process engineer • Purchasing Clerk •Logistics and distribution manager • Purchasing Coordinator • Purchasing Buyer •Industrial/product designer
  15. 15. Customer Service Administration • Customer Service Advisor •Contract Administrator • Receptionist Administrator • Export Administrator • Telephonist • Customer Service Team Manager • Customer Service Manager • Customer Service Assistant • Customer services supervisor Finance • Data Entry Clerk • Service Receptionist • Senior Pa • PA • Scheduler • Assistant Pa Logistics •Accounting technician •Actuary • Logistic Engineer • Logistics Analyst • Logistics Coordinator • Logistics Manager • Supply Chain Manager •Financial adviser •Financial manager •Chartered accountant •Financial trader •Chartered certified accountant •Investment analyst •Chartered management accountant •Operational investment banker •Chartered public finance accountant
  16. 16. Human resources • Human resources officer • IT trainer • Occupational psychologist IT Support • Recruitment consultant • Training and development officer • Applications developer • Database administrator Marketing • Games developer • Geographical information systems officer • Information systems manager • Advertising account executive • IT consultant • Advertising account planner • IT sales professional • Advertising art director • Advertising copywriter • Market researcher • Marketing executive • Media buyer
  17. 17. Legal • Barrister • Barrister's Clerk Research and Development • Chartered legal executive • Licensed Conveyance •Animal technologist •Clinical research associate •Clothing/textile technologist • Solicitor All these jobs have come from the internet that I have found. •Colour technologist •Food technologist •Forensic scientist •Metallurgist •Meteorologist •Product/process development scientist Out of all these different functions I would like to work in either a finance job or a purchasing job as I like maths and finance is all about maths and purchasing new products for a business we will have to make sure that we don’t go over the limit on how much we need to spend so out of these two functions I can do and enjoy keep doing maths in the future.
  18. 18. Use your own knowledge and the Internet to help identify some key terms used to describe how a business is organised. Authority Span of Control Chain of Command Hierarchy Delegation Empowerment
  19. 19. Authority - This is someone who can make the important decisions and instruct other staff what to do. E.G The Store Manager at Tesco will decide what to do and get their staff to carry out his or her wishes.
  20. 20. Span of control is a number of different subordinates that a manager or supervisor can directly control. The number varies with the type of work; complex, variable work reduces it to six whereas routine and fixed work increases it to twenty or more. An example of this is something called a organisation chart: This is an organisation chart and it is very simple the one who is at the top basically is the boss of everyone else in the workplace so he/she has the most power in the business and as you go down the power decreases.
  21. 21. Chain of command is an authority and power in an organization is wielded and delegated from the top management to every employee at every level of the organization. When the flow is downward along the chain of command and accountability flows upward.
  22. 22. A hierarchy chart is a chart that arranges of items, in which items are represented as being at the same level as another one. The root of the tree will form the top level of a business. This is the chart and as you can see there are basically 5 top and then lots in then middle and then just a few at the bottom so very basic.
  23. 23. Delegation is a assignment of authority and responsibility to another person to carry out specific activities. Delegation empowers a subordinate to make decisions.
  24. 24. Empowerment is what refers to a increasing social, spiritual, political or economic strength of individuals and communities. It is often involves the empowered developing confidence in their own skills.
  25. 25. State 3 business functions that you think are important for the businesses shown below. Give reasons or your choices. Customer Services – Because Tesco want customer to come back again and again. Marketing – Because Customers need to be persuaded that Tesco is the best. Human Resources – Because Tesco employ many people who need to be looked after. Marketing Customers will need to be persuaded to buy a car from the Nissan place. Manufacturing – Cars can only be made From building them so manufacturing will be important for this business. Research and Development – The company will research cars and what can be improved and then develop it so more people will buy it. Customer service – This business will want to provided a good service to customers as it is a Restaurant/takeaway. Purchasing – They will need to make materials to make the foods to sell at the business for customers. Sales – This business will want people to know when a new burger is coming so then people can come and taste it so like an advert. They would like to make a lot of sales to persuade people to come. IT support – Apple will make sure that all apple technology that they make will work at its best to make sure people buy their products. Manufacturing – Apple will need to build the products in order for them to be sold so building them will be necessary. Research and development – Apple is a business that makes new technology so they would improve their products from the least one. For example, iphone 4 was the last iphone and now it has been improved to iphone 5
  26. 26. Sales – This store will sell game products to make its money and it would do adverts to bring people in the buy new games coming out so this will help them sell. Research and development – Game will need this in order to make a new game in the next season and make it much better. Purchasing – Game will need to buy the games in order to sell them to the public. Purchasing – New look will need to buy the clothes in order to sell them to the public. Marketing – This will help the business to hopefully sell more clothes to the public as they will be in 2 places or more. Sales – This store will sell clothes and shoes to make their money for the business. IT support – Vodafone will make sure that every phone that they sell is working at its best so no customers will complain. Research and development – Vodafone will look at an old phone and then make it much better that it will be improved so more people will buy one. Sales – This business will be selling phones to make money. Every business needs finance as they all give their profits to the government!