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OER seminar 07-11-12

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Seminar with Masters Education students at the University of Bath 07-11-12

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OER seminar 07-11-12

  1. 1. e-Learning team Learning & Teaching Enhancement Office Open Educational Resources (OER) Julian Prior Learning Technologist @jpodcaster 1Tuesday, 13 November 12
  2. 2. e-Learning team Learning & Teaching Enhancement Office Outline • Definitions • Licenses • Examples • Benefits • Barriers • Activity Wikimedia Commons 2Tuesday, 13 November 12
  3. 3. e-Learning team Learning & Teaching Enhancement Office 1. Definitions 3Tuesday, 13 November 12
  4. 4. e-Learning team Learning & Teaching Enhancement Office open learners open courses (MOOCs) open research open data open content open textbooks open badges open source open courseware (OCW) open access 4Tuesday, 13 November 12
  5. 5. e-Learning team Learning & Teaching Enhancement Office Questions: • What does the open in OER mean? • Is being open a good thing? • Can you think of an example of an OER? see: http://www.hackeducation.com/2012/09/18/define-open/ 5Tuesday, 13 November 12
  6. 6. e-Learning team Learning & Teaching Enhancement Office What do we mean by open? • free (monetary value) • freely available (online/digital) - knowledge as a public good • transparency of activity (Cormier and Siemens, 2010) - open educational practices • freedom to re-use/revise/remix/re-distribute (Wileys 4 Rs - http://www.slideshare.net/mobile/ opencontent/vss-2010-oer-101-theory-and-practice ) 6Tuesday, 13 November 12
  7. 7. e-Learning team Learning & Teaching Enhancement Office "digitized materials offered freely and openly for educators, students and self- learners to use and re-use for teaching, learning and research." OECD, 2007 7Tuesday, 13 November 12
  8. 8. e-Learning team Learning & Teaching Enhancement Office “Open Educational Resources (OER) are teaching, learning, and research resources that reside in the public domain or have been released under an intellectual property license that permits their free use or re-purposing by others. Open educational resources include full courses, course materials, modules, textbooks, streaming videos, tests, software, and any other tools, materials, or techniques used to support access to knowledge.” Atkins, Brown, & Hammond 2007 8Tuesday, 13 November 12
  9. 9. e-Learning team Learning & Teaching Enhancement Office 2. Licenses 9Tuesday, 13 November 12
  10. 10. e-Learning team Learning & Teaching Enhancement Office Creative Commons Licenses CC BY - Attribution CC BY SA - Attribution Share-Alike CC BY ND - Attribution No Derivatives CC BY NC - Attribution Non Commercial CC BY NC SA - Attribution Non Commercial Share Alike CC BY NC ND - Attribution Non Commercial No Derivatives http://creativecommons.org/about 10Tuesday, 13 November 12
  11. 11. e-Learning team Learning & Teaching Enhancement Office Wiley, 2010 11Tuesday, 13 November 12
  12. 12. e-Learning team Learning & Teaching Enhancement Office http://wiki.creativecommons.org/Metrics 12Tuesday, 13 November 12
  13. 13. e-Learning team Learning & Teaching Enhancement Office 13Tuesday, 13 November 12
  14. 14. e-Learning team Learning & Teaching Enhancement Office 3. Examples 14Tuesday, 13 November 12
  15. 15. e-Learning team Learning & Teaching Enhancement Office Big Little Institutional Individual high reputation cheap good teaching quality, web (2) native little reversioning easily remixed and required reused expensive low production quality often not web native reputation ‘buyer beware’ reuse limited distributed Weller, 2009 15Tuesday, 13 November 12
  16. 16. e-Learning team Learning & Teaching Enhancement Office 16Tuesday, 13 November 12
  17. 17. e-Learning team Learning & Teaching Enhancement Office 17Tuesday, 13 November 12
  18. 18. e-Learning team Learning & Teaching Enhancement Office 18Tuesday, 13 November 12
  19. 19. e-Learning team Learning & Teaching Enhancement Office http://openlearn.open.ac.uk/course/view.php?id=3636 19Tuesday, 13 November 12
  20. 20. e-Learning team Learning & Teaching Enhancement Office 4. Benefits 20Tuesday, 13 November 12
  21. 21. e-Learning team Learning & Teaching Enhancement Office Scenario (10 mins) At the school/college/university you work at you have been asked to apply for external funding for a project to release existing teaching/learning materials as OER. You have been invited to a senior managers/ governors meeting to give a presentation on why the school/college/uni should support OER. They are very skeptical. How would you convince them that your project is worth supporting? List 5 benefits of using OER. 21Tuesday, 13 November 12
  22. 22. e-Learning team Learning & Teaching Enhancement Office Benefits: • Enhances reputation (publicity/marketing) • Enhances quality of resources - peer review • Promotes social inclusion and widens participation • Taster courses can increase student recruitment • Encourages pedagogic innovation • Lower costs e.g free textbooks • Encourages collaboration with educators and learners 22Tuesday, 13 November 12
  23. 23. e-Learning team Learning & Teaching Enhancement Office 5. Barriers 23Tuesday, 13 November 12
  24. 24. e-Learning team Learning & Teaching Enhancement Office Scenario (5 mins) Revisit the meeting with senior managers/governors at your school/college/university. This time put yourself in the position of a senior manager or governor. Come up with 5 objections to the adoption of OER, or 5 barriers or hurdles that need to be overcome. 24Tuesday, 13 November 12
  25. 25. e-Learning team Learning & Teaching Enhancement Office Barriers/Issues: • Lack of awareness of benefits (institution/staff/students) • Workloads/resourcing (creating OER ‘from scratch’) • Requires new skills and pedagogies? • Competition and marketisation of HE • Technical issues e.g metadata, tagging, searching • Perception of lower quality? • Legal issues and licensing 25Tuesday, 13 November 12
  26. 26. e-Learning team Learning & Teaching Enhancement Office 6. Activity 26Tuesday, 13 November 12
  27. 27. e-Learning team Learning & Teaching Enhancement Office Activity Pick one of the following online sources/ways to search for OER: • Google advanced search www.google.co.uk/advanced_search ; • Flickr Creative Commons www.flickr.com/creativecommons ; • JORUM www.jorum.ac.uk ; • OER Commons www.oercommons.org 1. Find a resource that you could make use of in your teaching; 2. Alter/change/remix the resource to serve your purpose using appropriate licensing; 3. Report back to the group on any issues you faced e.g how easy was it to find a relevant resource, was the resource easy to download/use/re-use/repurpose? 27Tuesday, 13 November 12
  28. 28. e-Learning team Learning & Teaching Enhancement Office References Atkins, D.E., Seely-Brown, J., and Hammond, A.L. (2007) ‘A Review of the Open Educational Resources (OER) Movement: Achievements, Challenges and New Opportunities.’ http://www.hewlett.org/uploads/files/ ReviewoftheOERMovement.pdf Cormier, D. and Siemens, G. (2010) ‘Through the Open Door: Open Courses as Research, Learning and Engagement.’ Educause Review. Vol. 45, No. 4 (July/August 2010). pp. 30-39. OECD (Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development) (2007) ‘Giving Knowledge for Free: The Emergence of Open Educational Resources.’ http://www.oecd.org/edu/ceri/38654317.pdf Watters, A. (2012) ‘What do we mean by “Open” ’? http://www.hackeducation.com/2012/09/18/define-open/ Weller, M. (2009) ‘Big OER and Little OER.’ http://nogoodreason.typepad.co.uk/no_good_reason/2009/12/the- politics-of-oer.html Wiley, D. (2010) ‘OER 101: Theory and Practice.’ http://www.slideshare.net/mobile/opencontent/vss-2010- oer-101-theory-and-practice 28Tuesday, 13 November 12

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