Successfully reported this slideshow.
We use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads. You can change your ad preferences anytime.

ALIAOnline Practical Linked (Open) Data for Libraries, Archives & Museums


Published on

Published in: Education

ALIAOnline Practical Linked (Open) Data for Libraries, Archives & Museums

  1. 1. Practical Linked Open Data forLibraries, Archives & Museums
  2. 2. Jon VossHistorypin Strategic Partnerships DirectorWe Are What We
  3. 3.
  4. 4.
  5. 5. Linked Open Data in Libraries, Archives and Museums#LODLAM Culture Technology Law
  6. 6. Culture Technology LawNew ParadigmMaking This A Reality
  7. 7.
  8. 8.
  9. 9.
  10. 10. History and Mashup Culture2010 National Archives Photo Contest +
  11. 11. History and Mashup CultureNARA mashup on Historypin
  12. 12. Swedish artist Sanna Dullaway
  13. 13.
  14. 14.
  15. 15.
  16. 16. Culture Technology Law Law
  17. 17. Going from Tables to Graphs
  18. 18. Going from Tables to GraphsNodes and links in a graph
  19. 19. Going from Tables to GraphsAs computing power increases, the ability to buildmore and more complex graphs becomes a reality. msulibraries lookbackmaps msulibraries internetarchive msulibraries librarycongress lookbackmaps internetarchive internetarchive librarycongress
  20. 20. Introducing TriplesNodes and Links follows jonvoss 1n9r1d• Quite simply: Subject, Predicate, Object• gives us the ability to describe entities in a way that is machine readable
  21. 21. What do we know about the person:Ed Summers (aside from the fact that he rocks)? Bio: Hacker for libraries, digital archaeologist, pragmatist. bio knows depiction of knows
  22. 22. Triples for machines• Triples can be serialized in many different ways, including Resource Description Framework, RDF/XML, RDFa, N3, Turtle, etc, but they all describe things in the <subject><predicate><object> format.• Of course, we need to be consistent and predictable for machines to understand us.• We need to follow simple rules and protocols
  23. 23.
  24. 24.
  25. 25. • Consider graph demo:• Civil War vocabulary, or a way to link and traverse across datasets • Regiments, Battles, Places• Building apps that use this data
  26. 26.
  27. 27.
  28. 28.
  29. 29.
  30. 30.
  31. 31.
  32. 32.
  33. 33.
  34. 34. Culture Technology LawNew Tools Enabling Better Sharing
  35. 35. Metadata vs. data, assets, digital surrogates, images
  36. 36.
  37. 37.
  38. 38. Legal ToolsOpen Data CC BY CC0 Public Domain Mark Public Domain Dedication and License (PDDL) Attribution License (ODC-By) Open Database License (ODC-ODbL)Open (ish) CC BY-SA
  39. 39. Legal ToolsPublished (NOT OPEN) Data CC BY-NC-ND CC BY-NC CC BY-ND CC BY-NC-SA
  40. 40. Linked Open Data in Libraries, Archives and Museums#LODLAM Culture Technology Law
  41. 41. 2010British LibraryStanford UniversityUniversity of MichiganOpen LibraryCERNVIAFID.LOC.GOVW3C LLD
  42. 42. Roy TennantOCLC Roy
  43. 43. The World of Linked DataRoy TennantOCLC Research
  44. 44. The World of Linked Data
  45. 45. The World of Linked Data The Linked Data cloud as a whole grew by 300% in 2010... ...whereas the amount of data relevant for libraries grew by nearly 1000%
  46. 46. Library Linked Data
  47. 47. British National Library Publication Series SeS Events AuthorSubject Resource
  48. 48. OCLC Linked Data Virtual Dewey Decimal FAST: Faceted International Classification Application of Authority File Subject (VIAF) Terminology HTML/RDFa, RDF/XML, Turtle, JSON - SPARQL, RDF/XML HTML, RDF/XML - Download WorldCat Embedded RDFa - Download (part)
  49. 49.• Short lived group• Libraries, Publishers, Consumers, System Vendors, Linked Data, StandardsBodies• Library is only one focus
  50. 50. Emerging BIBFRAME Model
  51. 51. Our Brave New World “Moving from cataloging to catalinking” Eric Miller, Zepheira
  52. 52. The World of Linked Knowledge
  53. 53. Ingrid MasoneResearch AnalystIntersect Ingrid Ingrid Mason
  54. 54. ALIA Online 2013 | Be Different. Do Different.Humanities Networked Infrastructure (Virtual Lab)Ingrid Mason | eResearch Analyst | Intersect Australia
  55. 55. ???
  56. 56. Linked Data.• Goal is to enable researchers to explore and interpret the commonalities or divergences in the data.• Multiple significant scholarly humanities datasets to pipe in and aggregate with varying levels of standards and technologies.• Information design challenge to build an ontology and use linked data and controlled vocabularies for data to be aligned and related.• Provide a virtual environment to explore this data and process with tools.
  57. 57. HuNI Data. AusStage AUSTLANG Mura & Pathways Media Archives Project Encyclopedia of Australian Science Colonial Australia Popular Fiction Find and Connect Victoria Australian Women’s Register eMelbourne: the Encyclopedia of Melbourne Scholarly Data Providers eGold: Electronic Encyclopedia of Gold in Australia Chinese-Australian Historical Images in Australia Reason in Revolt, Source Documents of Australian Radicalism Guide to Australian Business 104 Records Australian Trade Unions Archive CircusOz Living Archive Video Collection Australian Film Institute Research Collection
  58. 58. Rethinking Resource Discovery.• Goal is to enable researchers to explore and interpret the commonalities or divergences in the data. • Support researcher needs to discern facts (what is?) and locate more information (where is?) drawing on Australian cultural scholarly data. • Major task is to aggregate heterogeneous humanities data that may be related to digital representations e.g. digital text, audio-visual etc files. • Method is linked data, using ontology and controlled vocabulary development. • Outcomes are the researcher can move easily from: what is? to where is? in their information seeking.
  59. 59. Information Seeking.• Information seeking is supported by intellectual access tools, which include library catalogues, archival finding aids, reference tools, subject databases, journal repositories and information resources (physical and digital).• Critical step in information seeking is undertaken in preliminary visit to the “reference shelf” and it can often be revisited to satisfy research questions.• What is the researcher question? What information can I find out about this person and their life, what they have done, etc. A classic biographical enquiry.• Know the name and other facts associated with a person in the HuNI graph (in the lab) and follow a hyperlink to a range of web resources related to that person.
  60. 60. Metadata Mash Up.• A mash up of reference tools and finding aids: factbooks, dictionaries, encyclopaedias, bibliographies and catalogues and archival registers.• Link needs to be forged with the ontologies for domain resources e.g. TEI and resource discovery metadata.• Exploring this with the crosswalk between CIDOC-CRM and FRBR-OO (latest draft) and keeping an eye on BibFrame.• Same problem being explored in another NeCTAR virtual lab project: Human and Communication Science.• Role of annotation and metadata in discovery of new knowledge or the means to elucidate new knowledge needs to be unpacked.
  61. 61. Australian Women’s Register
  62. 62. Ontology Development.• Information design challenge to build an ontology and use linked data and controlled vocabularies for data to be aligned and related. • Reading the data. Characteristics of the data determine the ontological components selected and the major “entities” (aka “access points” in library lingo). • Identified early as: people, organisations, events, relationships, places, dates, resources, and subjects. • Components from ontologies already available are being reused or kept in our sights: CIDOC-CRM, FOAF, SKOS, FRBR, FRBR-OO, BibFrame and PROV-O.
  63. 63. Project (project Twitter profile) (project email) (project website) (project wiki) (data store) (data analysis tool)
  64. 64. Useful ReferencesNISO. Information Standards Quarterly, Spring/Summer 2012 Linked Open Data – What is it? Open Data – Libraries, Archives, Museums (LODLAM) Library Linked Data Incubator Group hashtag: #lodlamGoogle Group:
  65. 65. More Useful References.LinkedData.org Introducing Linked Data and the Semantic Web What is Linked Data? Commons Australia Resource Description Framework.
  66. 66. You’re not alone...
  67. 67.
  68. 68. Linked Open Data in Libraries, Archives and Museums#LODLAM
  69. 69.
  70. 70. San Francisco, DC, Atlanta, London, Wellington, New York,Canberra, Melbourne, St. Louis # # # ## # # # #
  71. 71. 2011–2012
  72. 72. Who’s got next?
  73. 73. Join the LODLAM movementresources and community on http://lodlam.netask for help on Google Group or #lodlam on Twitterhttp://openglam.org!Start small, but START
  74. 74. Google Refine
  75. 75. Google Refine
  76. 76. Linked Open Data in Libraries, Archives and Museums#LODLAM Culture Technology Law
  77. 77.
  78. 78. The DJ in the Library?
  79. 79.
  80. 80. Practical Linked Open Data forLibraries, Archives & Museums