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ENT3 Story of Israel , 10 Hopes

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ENT3 Story of Israel , 10 Hopes

  1. 1. ENCOUNTERING THE NEW TESTAMENT MARK POWLEY & JON SWALES MODULE DATE SBTC SAT 1ST FEB/1ST MAR TUTORS STORY OF THE OT • Creation “And God saw everything that he had made, and behold, it was very good. And there was evening and there was morning, the sixth day.” (Genesis 1:31, ESV) “Then God said, “Let us make man in our image, after our likeness. And let them have dominion over the fish of the sea and over the birds of the heavens and over the livestock and over all the earth and over every creeping thing that creeps on the earth.”” (Genesis 1:26, ESV) STORY OF THE OT • Creation • Chaos Exile from Eden Cain FLOOD , Noah’s Rape Babel “If you do well, will you not be accepted? And if you do not do well, sin is crouching at the door. Its desire is for you, but you must rule over it.”” (Genesis 4:7, ESV) Sons of God/ Daughters of Men “The Lord saw that the wickedness of man was great in the earth, and that every intention of the thoughts of his heart was only evil continually.” (Genesis 6:5, ESV) “Now the earth was corrupt in God’s sight, and the earth was filled with violence. And God saw the earth, and behold, it was corrupt, for all flesh had corrupted their way on the earth.” (Genesis 6:11–12, ESV)
  2. 2. STORY OF THE OT • Creation • Chaos • Calling Patriarchs “Now the Lord said to Abram, “Go from your country and your kindred and your father’s house to the land that I will show you. And I will make of you a great nation, and I will bless you and make your name great, so that you will be a blessing. I will bless those who bless you, and him who dishonors you I will curse, and in you all the families of the earth shall be blessed.”” (Genesis 12:1–3, ESV) Egypt Monotheism Covenant Eschatology The Creator God called Israel to be a Blessing to to the World Does YHWH care? Does he have the power to do something about it? STORY OF THE OT • Creation • Chaos • Calling Patriarchs Exodus (Presence) Sinai (Law) Wilderness (Rebellion) Blessing Curse “Now therefore, if you will indeed obey my voice and keep my covenant, you shall be my treasured possession among all peoples, for all the earth is mine; and you shall be to me a kingdom of priests and a holy nation. These are the words that you shall speak to the people of Israel.”” (Exodus 19:5–6, ESV) ““See, I am setting before you today a blessing and a curse: the blessing, if you obey the commandments of the Lord your God, which I command you today, and the curse, if you do not obey the commandments of the Lord your God, but turn aside from the way that I am commanding you today, to go after other gods that you have not known.” (Deuteronomy 11:26–28, ESV) STORY OF THE OT • Creation • Chaos • Calling • Conquest Entry Into the Land “See, I have taught you statutes and rules, as the Lord my God commanded me, that you should do them in the land that you are entering to take possession of it. Keep them and do them, for that will be your wisdom and your understanding in the sight of the peoples, who, when they hear all these statutes, will say, ‘Surely this great nation is a wise and understanding people.’ For what great nation is there that has a god so near to it as the Lord our God is to us, whenever we call upon him? And what great nation is there, that has statutes and rules so righteous as all this law that I set before you today? “Only take care, and keep your soul diligently, lest you forget the things that your eyes have seen, and lest they depart from your heart all the days of your life. Make them known to your children and your children’s children—” (Deuteronomy 4:5–9, ESV) Will Doctor Israel live up to his calling? STORY OF THE OT • Creation • Chaos • Calling • Conquest • Kingship David “As soon as Solomon finished his prayer, fire came down from heaven and consumed the burnt offering and the sacrifices, and the glory of the Lord filled the temple. And the priests could not enter the house of the Lord, because the glory of the Lord filled the Lord’s house. When all the people of Israel saw the fire come down and the glory of the Lord on the temple, they bowed down with their faces to the ground on the pavement and worshiped and gave thanks to the Lord, saying, “For he is good, for his steadfast love endures forever.”” (2 Chronicles 7:1–3, ESV) Solomon Land, Presence, Torah
  3. 3. STORY OF THE OT • Creation • Chaos • Calling • Conquest • Kingship • Catastrophe David Solomon Israel (North) Judah (South STORY OF THE OT • Creation • Chaos • Calling • Conquest • Kingship • Catastrophe David Solomon Israel (North) Judah (South STORY OF THE OT • Creation • Chaos • Calling • Conquest • Kingship • Catastrophe Israel (North) ASSYRIANS 14 But they would not listen, but were stubborn, as their fathers had been, who did not believe in the Lord their God. 15 They despised his statutes and his covenant that he made with their fathers and the warnings that he gave them. They went after false idols and became false, and they followed the nations that were around them, concerning whom the Lord had commanded them that they should not do like them. 16 And they abandoned all the commandments of the Lord their God, and made for themselves metal images of two calves; and they made an Asherah and worshiped all the host of heaven and served Baal. 17 And they burned their sons and their daughters as offerings and used divination and omens and sold themselves to do evil in the sight of the Lord, provoking him to anger. 18 Therefore the Lord was very angry with Israel and removed them out of his sight. None was left but the tribe of Judah only. (2 Kings 17:14) STORY OF THE OT • Creation • Chaos • Calling • Conquest • Kingship • Catastrophe JUDAH BABYLONIANS ““Stand in the gate of the Lord’s house, and proclaim there this word, and say, Hear the word of the Lord, all you men of Judah who enter these gates to worship the Lord. Thus says the Lord of hosts, the God of Israel: Amend your ways and your deeds, and I will let you dwell in this place. Do not trust in these deceptive words: ‘This is the temple of the Lord, the temple of the Lord, the temple of the Lord.’ “For if you truly amend your ways and your deeds, if you truly execute justice one with another, if you do not oppress the sojourner, the fatherless, or the widow, or shed innocent blood in this place, and if you do not go after other gods to your own harm, then I will let you dwell in this place, in the land that I gave of old to your fathers forever. “Behold, you trust in deceptive words to no avail.” (Jeremiah 7:2–8, ESV)
  4. 4. STORY OF THE OT • Creation • Chaos • Calling • Conquest • Kingship • Catastrophe JUDAH BABYLONIANS “By the waters of Babylon, there we sat down and wept, when we remembered Zion. On the willows there we hung up our lyres. For there our captors required of us songs, and our tormentors, mirth, saying, “Sing us one of the songs of Zion!”” (Psalm 137:1–3, ESV) STORY OF THE OT • Creation • Chaos • Calling • Conquest • Kingship • Catastrophe • Confidence JUDAH (EXILE) BABYLONIANS PERSIANS Does YHWH care? Does he have the power to do something about it? STORY OF THE OT • Creation • Chaos • Calling • Conquest • Kingship • Catastrophe • Confidence JUDAH (EXILE) BABYLONIANS PERSIANS “Comfort, comfort my people, says your God. Speak tenderly to Jerusalem, and cry to her that her warfare is ended, that her iniquity is pardoned, that she has received from the Lord’s hand double for all her sins. A voice cries: “In the wilderness prepare the way of the Lord; make straight in the desert a highway for our God. Every valley shall be lifted up, and every mountain and hill be made low; the uneven ground shall become level, and the rough places a plain. And the glory of the Lord shall be revealed, and all flesh shall see it together, for the mouth of the Lord has spoken.”” (Isaiah 40:1–5, ESV) STORY OF THE OT • Creation • Chaos • Calling • Conquest • Kingship • Catastrophe • Confidence JUDAH (Post-Exilic) PERSIANS Back in Land TEMPLE REBUILT Increase in Prophetic Criticism and Prophetic Hope “Oh that you would rend the heavens and come down, that the mountains might quake at your presence—” (Isaiah 64:1, ESV) Story in Search of an Ending
  5. 5. OLAM HA-ZEH OLAM HA-BA ‘HOPE OF ISRAEL’ 1. Return from Exile 2. Renewed and Abundant Prosperity 3. Messianic Figure 4. Renewed Covenant and Outpouring of Spirit 5. Building a New Temple 6. Return of YHWH to ZIon 7. Future of Nations 8. Climatic Period of Tribulation/Suffering 9. Defeat of Satan 10. Final Judgement Choose two groups of texts from the ‘Hope of Israel’ primary source document. Read biblical and second temple texts slowly and carefully. What do these texts tell us about the Jewish hope?

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