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ENT Day 2 Apostle Paul and the Hopes of Israel

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ENT Day 2 Apostle Paul and the Hopes of Israel

  1. 1. APOSTLE PAUL AND THE HOPES OF ISRAEL YHWH, TEMPLE & THE HOLY SPIRIT SBTC AND HSOT&M PROJECT DATE NOV 2014 CLIENT
  2. 2. IN THE PAULINE LETTERS Romans 14:17 1 Cor 4:20, 6:9-10, 15:24,50 Gal 5:21 Ephesians 5:5 Col 1:13, 4:11 1 Thess 2:12 2 Thess 1:5 2 Tim 4:1, 4:18,
  3. 3. Ephesians 1:21 (ESV) 21 far above all rule and authority and power and dominion, and above every name that is named, not only in this age but also in the one to come. 1 Corinthians 10:11 (ESV) 11 Now these things happened to them as an example, but they were written down for our instruction, on whom the end of the ages has come.
  4. 4. ‘HOPE OF ISRAEL’ 1. Return from Exile 2. Renewed and Abundant Prosperity 3. Messianic Figure 4. Renewed Covenant and Outpouring of Spirit 5. Building a New Temple 6. Return of YHWH to Zion 7. Future of Nations 8. Climatic Period of Tribulation/Suffering 9. Defeat of Satan 10. Final Judgement
  5. 5. ‘HOPE OF ISRAEL’ 1. Return from Exile 2. Renewed and Abundant Prosperity 3. Messianic Figure 4. Renewed Covenant and Outpouring of Spirit 5. Building a New Temple 6. Return of YHWH to Zion 7. Future of Nations 8. Climatic Period of Tribulation/Suffering 9. Defeat of Satan 10. Final Judgement
  6. 6. YHWH IN THE OT( (יהוה Tetragrammaton 6000x in OT Replaced by adonay (my Lord), elohim 10th Century Masoretic Text (vowels) Y A H O W A H LXX: KURIOS NT: 741X
  7. 7. OT YHWH-KURIOS TEXTS IN PAUL IN REF TO GOD: Rom. 4.7-8; 9.27-29; 11.34; 15.9-11; 1 Cor. 3.20; 2 Cor. 6.18. IN REF TO JESUS Rom. 10.13; 14.11; 1 Cor. 1.31; 1 Cor. 2.16; 10.26; 2 Cor. 10.17; 2 Tim. 2.19
  8. 8. Romans 10:8–15 (ESV) 8 But what does it say? “The word is near you, in your mouth and in your heart” (that is, the word of faith that we proclaim); 9 because, if you confess with your mouth that Jesus is Lord and believe in your heart that God raised him from the dead, you will be saved. 10 For with the heart one believes and is justified, and with the mouth one confesses and is saved. 11 For the Scripture says, “Everyone who believes in him will not be put to shame.” 12 For there is no distinction between Jew and Greek; for the same Lord is Lord of all, bestowing his riches on all who call on him. 13 For “everyone who calls on the name of the Lord will be saved.” 14 How then will they call on him in whom they have not believed? And how are they to believe in him of whom they have never heard? And how are they to hear without someone preaching? 15 And how are they to preach unless they are sent? As it is written, “How beautiful are the feet of those who preach the good news!”
  9. 9. 13 For “everyone who calls on the name of the Lord will be saved.”……….., “How beautiful are the feet of those who preach the good news!” Joel 2:32 (ESV) 32 And it shall come to pass that everyone who calls on the name of the Lord shall be saved. For in Mount Zion and in Jerusalem there shall be those who escape, as the Lord has said, and among the survivors shall be those whom the Lord calls. Isaiah 52:7–8 (ESV) 7 How beautiful upon the mountains are the feet of him who brings good news, who publishes peace, who brings good news of happiness, who publishes salvation, who says to Zion, “Your God reigns.” 8 The voice of your watchmen—they lift up their voice; together they sing for joy; for eye to eye they see the return of the Lord to Zion.
  10. 10. 1 Thessalonians 3:13 (ESV) 13 so that he may establish your hearts blameless in holiness before our God and Father, at the coming of our Lord Jesus with all his saints. Zechariah 14:5 (ESV) 5 And you shall flee to the valley of my mountains, for the valley of the mountains shall reach to Azal. And you shall flee as you fled from the earthquake in the days of Uzziah king of Judah. Then the Lord my God will come, and all the holy ones with him.
  11. 11. ‘HOPE OF ISRAEL’ 1. Return from Exile 2. Renewed and Abundant Prosperity 3. Messianic Figure 4. Renewed Covenant and Outpouring of Spirit 5. Building a New Temple 6. Return of YHWH to Zion 7. Future of Nations 8. Climatic Period of Tribulation/Suffering 9. Defeat of Satan 10. Final Judgement
  12. 12. 1 Corinthians 3:16 (ESV) 16 Do you not know that you are God’s temple and that God’s Spirit dwells in you? 1 Corinthians 6:19 (ESV) 19 Or do you not know that your body is a temple of the Holy Spirit within you, whom you have from God? You are not your own,
  13. 13. 2 Corinthians 6:16–17 (ESV) 16 What agreement has the temple of God with idols? For we are the temple of the living God; as God said, “I will make my dwelling among them and walk among them, and I will be their God, and they shall be my people. Leviticus 26:11–12 (ESV) 11 I will make my dwelling among you, and my soul shall not abhor you. 12 And I will walk among you and will be your God, and you shall be my people. Ezekiel 37:26–27 (ESV) 26 I will make a covenant of peace with them. It shall be an everlasting covenant with them. And I will set them in their land and multiply them, and will set my sanctuary in their midst forevermore. 27 My dwelling place shall be with them, and I will be their God, and they shall be my people. 17 Therefore go out from their midst, and be separate from them, says the Lord, and touch no unclean thing; then I will welcome you, Isaiah 52:11 (ESV) 11 Depart, depart, go out from there; touch no unclean thing; go out from the midst of her; purify yourselves, you who bear the vessels of the Lord. Ezekiel 11:17 (ESV) 17 Therefore say, ‘Thus says the Lord God: I will gather you from the peoples and assemble you out of the countries where you have been scattered, and I will give you the land of Israel.’ LXX: Welcome you Ezekiel 20:34 (ESV) 34 I will bring you out from the peoples and gather you out of the countries where you are scattered, with a mighty hand and an outstretched arm, and with wrath poured out. LXX: Welcome you
  14. 14. ‘HOPE OF ISRAEL’ 1. Return from Exile 2. Renewed and Abundant Prosperity 3. Messianic Figure 4. Renewed Covenant and Outpouring of Spirit 5. Building a New Temple 6. Return of YHWH to Zion 7. Future of Nations 8. Climatic Period of Tribulation/Suffering 9. Defeat of Satan 10. Final Judgement
  15. 15. 2 Corinthians 1:21–22 (ESV with GK) 21 And it is God who establishes us with you in Christ, and has anointed us, 22 and who has also put his seal on us and given us his Spirit in our hearts as an arrabon. A loan word from the Semitic, Heb. צֵרָבוֹן . Gn. 38:17 ff. (LXX, ἀρραβών), Lat. arrha or arrhabo (B Gn. 38:17 ff.). The word is a commercial term (Isaeus 8:23: Aristot. Pol., I, 11, p. 1259a, 12; esp. pap.). It signifies a “pledge” which is later returned (only Gn. 38:17–20); a “deposit” which pays part of the total debt and gives a legal claim (BGU, 947, 6; Ostraka, II, 1168); “earnest-money” ratifying a compact (P. Oxy., 299, 2 f.; BGU, 446, 5). It always implies an act which engages to something bigger. It occurs figur. in Antiph. Fr., 123, 6 (CAF, II, 60): ἔχοντες ἀρραβῶνα τὴν τὲχνην τοῦ ζῆν; Menand. Fr., 697 (ibid., III, 200): τοῦ δυστυχεῖν … ἀρραβῶνʼ ἔχειν. TDNT
  16. 16. Ephesians 1:11–14 (ESV) 11 In him we have obtained an inheritance, having been predestined according to the purpose of him who works all things according to the counsel of his will, 12 so that we who were the first to hope in Christ might be to the praise of his glory. 13 In him you also, when you heard the word of truth, the gospel of your salvation, and believed in him, were sealed with the promised Holy Spirit, 14 who is the guarantee of our inheritance until we acquire possession of it, to the praise of his glory.
  17. 17. Romans 8:14–30 (ESV) 14 For all who are led by the Spirit of God are sons of God. 15 For you did not receive the spirit of slavery to fall back into fear, but you have received the Spirit of adoption as sons, by whom we cry, “Abba! Father!” 16 The Spirit himself bears witness with our spirit that we are children of God, 17 and if children, then heirs—heirs of God and fellow heirs with Christ, provided we suffer with him in order that we may also be glorified with him. 18 For I consider that the sufferings of this present time are not worth comparing with the glory that is to be revealed to us. 19 For the creation waits with eager longing for the revealing of the sons of God. 20 For the creation was subjected to futility, not willingly, but because of him who subjected it, in hope 21 that the creation itself will be set free from its bondage to corruption and obtain the freedom of the glory of the children of God. 22 For we know that the whole creation has been groaning together in the pains of childbirth until now. 23 And not only the creation, but we ourselves, who have the firstfruits of the Spirit, groan inwardly as we wait eagerly for adoption as sons, the redemption of our bodies. 24 For in this hope we were saved. Now hope that is seen is not hope. For who hopes for what he sees? 25 But if we hope for what we do not see, we wait for it with patience.
  18. 18. “The Spirit is the evidence that the eschatological promises of Paul’s Jewish heritage have been fulfilled. At the same time, the Spirit as God’s empowering presence enables the people of God not simply to endure the present as they await the final consummation, but to do so with verve (with “spirit,” if you will). And that is because the future is as sure as the presence of the Spirit is an experienced reality; hence the significance of the dynamic and experiential nature of the Spirit’s coming into the life of the believer and the church.” Gordon Fee
  19. 19. ‘HOPE OF ISRAEL’ 1. Return from Exile 2. Renewed and Abundant Prosperity 3. Messianic Figure 4. Renewed Covenant and Outpouring of Spirit 5. Building a New Temple 6. Return of YHWH to Zion 7. Future of Nations 8. Climatic Period of Tribulation/Suffering 9. Defeat of Satan 10. Final Judgement

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