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Chapter 1


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Chapter 1

  1. 2. <ul><li>History is a story that tells us who we are … by telling us who we were. </li></ul><ul><li>The story must tie facts together, but there is no need to have all the information to tell the story </li></ul><ul><li>Stories from the past combine to help us tell our story </li></ul>
  2. 3. <ul><li>Time before the development of writing </li></ul><ul><li>Scientists say it may go back hundreds of thousands of years </li></ul><ul><li>No documented “story” without writing </li></ul><ul><li>Really belongs to scientists and archaeologists </li></ul><ul><li>Many human advances, including the ability of humans to domesticate agriculture – leads to settlements </li></ul>
  3. 4. <ul><li>Civilizations developed along major river systems all over the world </li></ul><ul><li>Some settlements are tens of thousands of years old </li></ul><ul><li>Rivers brought not just water, but silt as well, which fertilized the land </li></ul><ul><li>Certain rivers are predictable in their floods </li></ul>
  4. 5. <ul><li>Mesopotamia: Tigris and Euphrates </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Civilization was called Sumer </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Mesopotamia means “between the rivers” </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>3300 BC </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Issues: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Flooding of the valley due to the rivers </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Epic of Gilgamesh described as a flood that will destroy the world as they new it </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Archeologists have found this to be true of the area </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Built large dikes to corral the water to be used for drinking and irrigation </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>What geographical characteristics made the Fertile Cresent a good place to develop? </li></ul></ul>
  5. 6. <ul><li>Tigris and Euphrates Rivers </li></ul><ul><li>Modern Day Iraq </li></ul><ul><li>Invented Writing: Cuneiform (Wedge-shaped writing) </li></ul><ul><li>Government: City-states </li></ul><ul><li>Religion: polytheistic and tied to nature using temples as a place of worship (page 32 of textbook) </li></ul><ul><li>Epic of Gilgamesh: Flood story (page 35 text) </li></ul><ul><li>Hammurabi's Code: equality before the law </li></ul>
  6. 8. <ul><li>After invasion from numerous other civilizations what was the lasting legacy left by the Sumerians? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Language </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Writing </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Astronomy and mathematics </li></ul></ul>