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  1. 1. Mid-term Report By Jonathan Raissi History 30
  2. 2. Gods, Gachupines and Gringos Pre-Colonial Mexico - The Aztecs <ul><li>The Aztecs began to arrive in Mexico around 1100 CE. </li></ul><ul><li>They developed quickly and built one of the largest cities in the world, Tenochtitl án, as the epicenter of their empire which ruled most of Mexico by 1400s. </li></ul><ul><li>The Aztec empire and its capital were relatively prosperous, however, economically, consumption exceeded production (a parallel of modern day Mexico City). </li></ul>
  3. 3. Gods, Gachupines and Gringos Pre-Colonial Mexico - Columbian Discovery <ul><li>The discovery of the Americas by Columbus lead to Spanish interest, involvement, and manipulation of the Aztec empire (among many others in the continent) beginning with Tenochtitl án. </li></ul><ul><li>The emperor, Moctezuma, was used as a puppet ruler for the Spanish to exploit its resources (gold, silver, etc.) and weakened their economy. </li></ul><ul><li>They also brought extremely deadly diseases such as Smallpox that severely damaged the population. </li></ul><ul><li>- Hernan Cortes - Spanish conquistador who lead the eventual conquering of Tenochtitl án and Aztec empire. </li></ul>
  4. 4. Gods, Gachupines and Gringos Spanish Conquest <ul><li>Further encroachment of Spanish control lead to the colonization of Mexico. </li></ul><ul><li>With the indigenous population weakened by disease and economic repression, Spain easily gained complete control and colonized Mexico in 1521. </li></ul>
  5. 5. Gods, Gachupines and Gringos Mexican Independence <ul><li>After 3 centuries under Spanish colonization, Mexico gained its independence. </li></ul><ul><li>The Mexican revolution had inspiration from the colonial revolution in the United States and the slave revolution in Haiti. </li></ul><ul><li>While Spain was in a state of political weakness (war with France lead to several overthrows), Mexico achieved independence in September 1821. </li></ul>
  6. 6. First Stop in the New World <ul><li>“ Walter Benjamin called Paris the capital of the nineteenth century, and in Delirious New York Rem Koolhaas posited Manhattan as the urban Rosetta stone for the twentieth. Mexico City will play a similar role in the twenty-first.” </li></ul><ul><li>- Daivid Lida </li></ul>
  7. 7. First Stop in the New World <ul><li>In the first few portions of First Stop in the New World David Lida outlines that vastness of Mexico City in terms of development. </li></ul><ul><li>While the economy fluctuates between that of a highly developed economy and a developing one, he says that the Mexican capital will be a powerhouse in the 21st century. </li></ul>
  8. 8. Ex Mex From Migrants to Immigrants <ul><li>Jorge Caste ñada outlines the societal progress being made by Mexican immigrants. </li></ul><ul><li>He also acknowledges the spreading of immigrant groups throughout the United States and going beyond the “gateway states” (California, New York, Texas, Florida, New Jersey, Illinois) to more “second-tier states” (North Carolina, Georgia, Washington, Massachusetts). </li></ul>
  9. 9. Ex Mex From Migrants to Immigrants <ul><li>Castan ñeda also describes how the context of reception for Mexican immigrants is changing. </li></ul><ul><li>Other ethnic groups, such as African Americans, have become sympathetic to the cause and struggle for immigration rights. </li></ul>