Open Education

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  • Is this open or closed?IMAGE: Chained book in the Library of Cesena, Italyhttp://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Milkau_B%C3%BCcherschrank_mit_angekettetem_Buch_aus_der_Bibliothek_von_Cesena_109-2.jpg
  • How about this?IMAGE: Captive Tomeshttp://www.flickr.com/photos/traceyp3031/2892438542/sizes/l/
  • J.R.R. Tolkien http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Jrrt_1972_pipe.jpg
  • Hypertext Transfer ProtocolURIs, URLs, the WebXml + Web Services
  • Yahoo in 1996
  • Google 1998
  • msn.com in 1999
  • Jimmy Waleshttp://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/f/f6/DSC01635_modified.jpg
  • Nupedia.com 2000http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Nupedia_main_page.png
  • Paradigm shift …Dimes http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:2005_Dime_Obv_Unc_P.png
  • Open Publishing
  • No one is smarter than everyone!
  • Digital literacy = using & engaging around content, not just drinking it all in (which is impossible)60 Billion e-mails a Day75 Million Blogs80 Million YouTube Videos – 412 years to watch! (But 13 new hours / minute)6.4 Billion Google Searches / Month13 Million Wikipedia Articles (280k+ Contributors)“information hydrant” http://www.flickr.com/photos/will-lion/2595497078/
  • With so much information, we need new tools.Really Simple SyndicationThe content you want, where you want it, updated automagically.
  • Being knowledgeable is no longer sufficient.
  • Paradigm shift …Dimes http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:2005_Dime_Obv_Unc_P.png
  • Open Networking
  • Tim O’Reilly (See Shirky, p. 17)
  • Dan Gilmor – “The Former Audience”IMAGE: Obama in Germany http://www.flickr.com/photos/barackobamadotcom/2699346313/sizes/o
  • HSM.07.09.02.R1.02.Bhttp://www.flickr.com/photos/thomas-merton/1518786870
  • http://www.cluetrain.com
  • Paradigm shift …Dimes http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:2005_Dime_Obv_Unc_P.png
  • Why do publishers own and control academic content? IMAGE: Programming Language Textbookshttp://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Programming_language_textbooks.jpg
  • A different approach …http://creativecommons.org
  • 1900+ Courses, >60m visitors (>1m / month)http://ocw.mit.edu
  • 200+ Institutions, 8,000 Courseshttp://ocwconsortium.org
  • Stanford: 1m views, 32k subscribershttp://youtube.com/education
  • 120+ Content Partners, 24,000 Itemshttp://oercommons.org
  • How has all of this impacted education? Teaching? Learning?
  • The Learning Management System. Sometimes called the Course Management System (CMS) or Virtual Learning Environment (VLE)
  • A single, vertically integrated technology stack.
  • LMS = Bridge to Nowhere; Disrupted engagement stream . . . Artificial time barriers limit stifle learning. “bridge to nowhere” http://www.flickr.com/photos/whalt/2042503265
  • Lecture & content centric.Artificial limits on student (and even instructor) activity, participation, & innovation. IMAGE: “That Huge Lecture Theatre” http://www.flickr.com/photos/teddy-rised/2814710002/
  • The walled garden is a private, comfortable space . . . IMAGE: “The Secret Gardens at Tregwainton” http://www.flickr.com/photos/zawtowers/3758680364
  • The moat keeps others out and keeps content in.IMAGE: “Japan: Osaka-jo outer moat, 1” http://www.flickr.com/photos/53537358@N00/3005861124
  • Paradigm shift …Dimes http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:2005_Dime_Obv_Unc_P.png
  • Jared Stein – PLE Mapping http://www.flickr.com/photos/5tein/2314107350
  • Stephen Downes – PLE http://www.gliffy.com/pubdoc/1092065/L.jpg
  • Martin Weller – PLE http://nogoodreason.typepad.co.uk/.shared/image.html?/photos/uncategorized/2007/12/06/pwe_3.jpg
  • D’Arcy Norman – PLE http://www.flickr.com/photos/dnorman/2314258583/sizes/o
  • Scott Leslie – PLE http://edtechpost.wikispaces.com/file/view/swl_ple2.gif
  • Alec Couros – PLE http://nwinton.files.wordpress.com/2008/01/the-networked-teacher.png?w=530&h=496
  • Alan LevineIMAGE: “Cloud Gate” http://www.flickr.com/photos/ancawonka/65927497
  • No trace, no digital prints, left behind.IMAGE: “ED+DS” http://www.flickr.com/photos/john/3374835896
  • Paradigm shift …Dimes http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:2005_Dime_Obv_Unc_P.png
  • Is there a middle ground???IMAGE (Left): Michael Chasen & Matthew Pittinskyhttp://www.flickr.com/photos/pklaassen/68271156IMAGE (Right): Edupunk2 http://www.flickr.com/photos/bionicteaching/2533948716
  • Pushmi-Pullyu?IMAGE: Pushmi-Pullyuhttp://www.flickr.com/photos/91772025@N00/444044158/sizes/l
  • Or chimera?IMAGE: Chimera http://www.flickr.com/photos/dynamosquito/2814125967
  • Agilix, Moodle, etc.OpenFlexibleScalableLearning-Centered Tools
  • Bush & Mott, Educational Technology 2009
  • Open Education

    1. 1. Open Education<br />Jon Mott<br />Asst. to the Academic VP<br />Brigham Young University<br />EC&I 831 Guest Lecture<br />27 October 2009<br />
    2. 2. open v. closed<br />
    3. 3.
    4. 4.
    5. 5. “The world is changed.”<br />
    6. 6. http://<br />
    7. 7. open access<br />
    8. 8.
    9. 9.
    10. 10.
    11. 11. “Imagine a world in which every single person on the planet is given free access to the sum of all human knowledge.”<br />
    12. 12.
    13. 13. Anyone Can Access ... <br />Anything ... <br />Anytime ... <br />Anywhere ... <br />At Unlimited Speed<br />
    14. 14.
    15. 15. open publishing<br />
    16. 16. Web 2.0<br />
    17. 17. Anyone Can Publish ... <br />Anything ... <br />Anytime ... <br />Anywhere ... <br />At Unlimited Speed<br />
    18. 18.
    19. 19.
    20. 20. 3,000,000 Tweets / Day<br />80,000,000 YouTube Videos<br />13,000,000 Wikipedia Articles<br />3,600,000,000 Photos on Flickr<br />40,000,000,000 GB Data / Year<br />200,000,000 Facebook Accounts<br />
    21. 21.
    22. 22. knowledgeable <br />
    23. 23. knowledgeable <br />
    24. 24. knowledge-able<br />Michael Wesch <br />
    25. 25. “If you can Google it,<br />don’t teach or<br />test it.”<br />David Wiley<br />
    26. 26.
    27. 27. open networking<br />
    28. 28. Anyone Can Communicate ... <br />Anything ... <br />Anytime ... <br />Anywhere ... <br />At Unlimited Speed<br />
    29. 29. Anyone Can Collaborate ... <br />Anything ... <br />Anytime ... <br />Anywhere ... <br />At Unlimited Speed<br />
    30. 30.
    31. 31. “architecture of<br />participation”<br />Tim O’Reilly<br />
    32. 32.
    33. 33. passive consumption<br />sharing<br />cooperation<br />(collaboration)<br />collective action<br />
    34. 34.
    35. 35. learners<br />schools<br />learners<br />educational institutions.<br />2009 = the end of learning as usual?<br />
    36. 36.
    37. 37. open content<br />
    38. 38.
    39. 39.
    40. 40.
    41. 41.
    42. 42.
    43. 43.
    44. 44. learning architecture<br />
    45. 45. LMS<br />
    46. 46. APIs<br />SIS<br />EXTERNAL<br />APPLICATIONS<br />LMS<br />CONTENT<br />ASSESSMENT<br />CUSTOM<br />INTEGRATION<br />GRADEBOOK<br />COMMUNICATION<br />REDUNDANT & NON-INTEGRATED APPLICATIONS<br />COLLABORATION<br />
    47. 47. open or closed?<br />
    48. 48. LMS Learning Network Growth<br />Learning Network Size<br />End of the Semester<br />TIME<br />
    49. 49. LMS Learning Network Growth<br />Learner Network Size<br />SEMESTER 1<br />SEMESTER 2<br />SEMESTER 3<br />SEMESTER 4<br />SEMESTER 5<br />SEMESTER 6<br />TIME<br />
    50. 50.
    51. 51.
    52. 52.
    53. 53.
    54. 54.
    55. 55.
    56. 56.
    57. 57. open architecture 1.0<br />
    58. 58. ple<br />
    59. 59.
    60. 60.
    61. 61.
    62. 62.
    63. 63.
    64. 64.
    65. 65.
    66. 66.
    67. 67. LMS v PLE Learning Network Growth<br />PLE<br />Learner Network Size<br />LMS<br />SEMESTER 1<br />SEMESTER 2<br />SEMESTER 3<br />SEMESTER 4<br />SEMESTER 5<br />SEMESTER 6<br />TIME<br />
    68. 68.
    69. 69.
    70. 70. open architecture 2.0?<br />
    71. 71.
    72. 72.
    73. 73.
    74. 74.
    75. 75. Blackboard is trying to keep up.<br />Michael L. Chasen, the company&apos;s chief executive, has told The Chronicle that the latest version of the software integrates some Web 2.0 tools and still offers plenty of features that blogging packages can&apos;t match, like online gradebooks.<br />
    76. 76. BYU Standalone Gradebook Project<br />REPORTING<br />INTERFACE<br />ASSESSMENT<br />(SCORES)<br />REPOSITORY<br />
    77. 77. An Open (Institutional) Learning Network<br />Web Pages<br />The Cloud<br />University Network<br />Web Pages<br />Web Pages<br />Web Pages<br />STUDENT<br />INFORMATION<br />SYSTEM<br />COURSE<br />CONTENT<br />STUDENT<br />CONTENT<br />LICENSED & PROPRIETARY<br />CONTENT<br />OPEN<br />CONTENT<br />ASSESSMENT<br />TOOLS<br />SOCIAL <br />NETWORKING<br />APPS<br />COLLABORATION<br />TOOLS<br />GRADEBOOK<br />LEARNING<br />OUTCOMES<br />PERSONAL<br />PUBLISHING<br />TOOLS<br />PORTFOLIO<br />
    78. 78. old v. new<br />COURSES<br />OPEN<br />LEARNERS<br />MODULAR<br />OPEN-ENDED<br />SEMESTERS<br />INTEROPERABLE<br />COMMUNITIES <br />INSTITUTIONS<br />CLOSED<br />INTEGRATED<br />PROPRIETARY<br />
    79. 79. malleable<br />
    80. 80. open education=<br />open access<br />open publishing<br />open networking<br />open architecture<br />
    81. 81. + open teaching?<br />
    82. 82. + open credentialing?<br />
    83. 83. DISCUSSION<br />http://www.slideshare.net/jonmott<br />jonmott@byu.edu<br />http://jonmott.com<br />http://twitter.com/jonmott<br />

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