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Malthus Presentationpeedeeeff

  1. 1. Thomas Malthus: the Life and Writings By Jon Mareane
  2. 2. Early Life  Origins and Uprbringing  Thomas Robert Malthus was born in 1766, in Dorking, England  He was the second son of eight children, six of whom were girls  Parenting  Father Daniel Malthus, was active in politics and enlightenment philosophy  Corresponded with Voltaire, Rousseau and Hume  When Malthus was a child, his father brought Jean-Jacques Rousseau to the Malthus home
  3. 3. Education  Primary Education  Malthus was educated privately, partly by his father and partly by tutors  Strongly politically driven education  Higher Education  At the age of eighteen, in 1784, Malthus went up to Cambridge  In spite of a "marked impediment of speech," Malthus did remarkably well in his studies
  4. 4. Principle of Population Essay  Principle of Population essay  Full title: “An Essay on the Principle of Population as it affects the Future Improvement on Society, with Remarks on the Speculation of Mr. Godwin, M. Condorcet and other Writers.”  Malthuses most famous and paramount work  The basic idea expressed in Malthus’s 50, 000 word “Population” essay was simple; that population increases exponentially while food production increases at a constant rate
  5. 5. Deeper Malthusian Theory  Humans have two inherent and insatiable appetites; one for sex and one for food  Population is controlled by “vice and misery” while under carrying capacity  Once the populations demand for food exceeds its supply, the weakest will die off
  6. 6. Impact  Controversy  Malthus blamed much of the population problem on the poor  Father of birth control and family planning  Religious institutions even today disapprove  Academic reception  Theory counteracted the progress they were making in societal development and change.
  7. 7. Connections to Darwin  After reading Malthus’s essay and connecting it to his findings on his voyage to South America did he formulate his theory of natural selection  Organisms reproduce at an exponential rate, living off their available resources until the resource becomes scarce, at which point the population levels off and those best suited to take advantage of the limited resources survive and evolve.
  8. 8. Relevance  Recent advances in medical and agricultural technology seemed to have disbanded Malthusian theory  If we broaden the scope of Malthusian thought to include other non-edible resources such as oil and coal, we see that Malthus’s thoughts may still ring true
  9. 9. Works Cited  Finance And Economics: Malthus, the false prophet; Economics focus. (2008, May). The  Economist, 387(8580), 94. Retrieved February 21, 2010, from Platinum Periodicals. (Document ID: 1480833101).  John Attarian. (2002). Malthus revisited. The World & I, 17(11), 257-271. Retrieved  February 9, 2010, from Platinum Periodicals. (Document ID: 228048401)  “NPR TALK OF THE NATION.” Interview by Suarez and Cohen. Malthus. NPR. 10 June 1998. Radio.  Unknown. "Malthus, Thomas Robert." The Hutchinson Dictionary of Ideas 2004: n.p. SIRS Renaissance. Web. 09 February 2010.