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Social Fabrics: Designing Wearable E-Textiles for Interaction, Introspection, and Inquiry

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You can see a video recording of this talk online: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=DwnZmJUybY4.

You can download the original PowerPoint slide deck with videos here: http://www.cs.umd.edu/~jonf/talks.html

Talk Abstract: Advances in electronic textiles (e-textiles), embedded computing, and biometric sensing enable new types of wearable interactive experiences. In this talk, I will introduce three e-textile projects from my research group: BodyVis, Social Fabric Fitness, and ILikeThisShirt.com which explore and push on how computational clothing can be used to facilitate group interaction, provoke self-inquiry, and stimulate introspection.

Background: I gave this talk at the National Academy of Science's "DC Art Science Evening Rendezvous" (DASER) at the Keck Center. The evening's theme was "technology and creativity" highlighted by the opening of University of Maryland Computer Science Professor Ben Shneiderman's “Every AlgoRiThm has ART in it: Treemap Art Project.” In addition to Shneiderman and myself, the other speakers included Manuel Lima, a designer, author, researcher, and lecturer, and Jonah Brucker-Cohen, an assistant professor of digital media and networked culture, Lehman
College, City University of New York.

For more information, see:
* http://www.cpnas.org/press/announcements/treemapfinalrelease.pdf
* https://www.eventbrite.com/e/dc-art-science-evening-rendezvous-daser-tickets-11950067975
* http://www.cpnas.org/events/experience-future-events-daser.html

Published in: Technology

Social Fabrics: Designing Wearable E-Textiles for Interaction, Introspection, and Inquiry

  1. 1. Human Computer Interaction Laboratory makeability lab @jonfroehlich Assistant Professor, Computer Science University of Maryland D.C. Art Science (DASER) National Academy of Sciences October 16, 2014
  2. 2. FABRIC MOUSE TOUCHPAD By Peter Enns & Chris Imbriano, Spring 2014
  3. 3. MUSICAL SPAGHETTI MADNESS By Richard Johnson, Spring 2014
  4. 4. WHAT ARE? E-textiles are textiles with embedded electronics/digital components (including small computers)
  5. 5. WRECKING CREW ORCHESTRA Source: http://youtu.be/6ydeY0tTtF4
  6. 6. WRECKING CREW ORCHESTRA
  7. 7. The Printing Dress Asta Roseway Microsoft Research Source: http://youtu.be/_9EVo2RicS0 CARRIE UNDERWOOD’S DRESS 2013 GRAMMY AWARDS
  8. 8. PILEUS: THE INTERNET UMBRELLA DESIGNERS: SHO HASHIMOTO & TAKASHI MATSUMOTO Source: http://www.pileus.net/
  9. 9. Flutters in direction of sound FLUTTER DESIGNERS: HALLEY PROFITA, NICHOLAS FARROW,, NIKOLAUS CORRELL Vibration motors Microphone Source: IWSC2012
  10. 10. VERITABLE EXPLOSION OF E-TEXTILE MAKERS
  11. 11. Source: http://youtu.be/9ClxC8YlzRQ Source: http://youtu.be/LlCyJI9LpGU MY HAND MADE LED SHOES HOW TO MAKE LED SHOES YouTube User: Brandon Larson YouTube User: Haspreet Singh
  12. 12. Source: http://youtu.be/NSyykW4Age8 JUMPING JUMPER MOTION SENSITIVE SKIRT YOUTUBE USER: ANIOMAGIC
  13. 13. Source: http://youtu.be/dsi3bIHlKv4 T-SHIRT TETRIS YOUTUBE USER: MARC KERGER
  14. 14. o o o o o o
  15. 15. WHAT IF OUR CLOTHES COULD SHOW HOW FAST WE RUN?
  16. 16. Social Fabric Fitness
  17. 17. Sketches Time, Distance, Pace, Heartrate
  18. 18. Low-Fidelity Prototypes Exploring Weight, Size, Flexibility
  19. 19. Low-Fidelity Prototypes Exploring Weight, Size, Flexibility
  20. 20. Low-Fidelity Prototypes Exploring Weight, Size, Flexibility
  21. 21. Low-Fidelity Prototypes Exploring Weight, Size, Flexibility
  22. 22. Prototype #1 Prototype #2 Prototype #3 Manufacturer Our Team Plastic Logic Erogear Display Weight 66.9 g 25.4 g 46.8 g Total Weight 152.9 g 411.7 g 161.2 g Pixels 24 x 12 320 x 240 32 x 16 Refresh Rate 5 Hz 1.1 Hz 38 Hz Dimensions* 21.3 x 12.2 cm 18.4 x 14 cm 20.3 x 15.2 cm Display Thickness* 13.5 mm 4.9 mm 4.8 mm * With enclosure SFF: THREE INTERACTIVE PROTOTYPES
  23. 23. Prototype #1 Prototype #2 Prototype #3 Manufacturer Our Team Plastic Logic Erogear Display Weight 66.9 g 25.4 g 46.8 g Total Weight 152.9 g 411.7 g 161.2 g Pixels 24 x 12 320 x 240 32 x 16 Refresh Rate 5 Hz 1.1 Hz 38 Hz Dimensions* 21.3 x 12.2 cm 18.4 x 14 cm 20.3 x 15.2 cm Display Thickness* 13.5 mm 4.9 mm 4.8 mm * With enclosure SFF: THREE INTERACTIVE PROTOTYPES As a comparison: iPhone 4S = 140 g
  24. 24. Data Collection In-situ observation
  25. 25. Prototype #1 Prototype #2 Pilot Studies In-situ observation
  26. 26. Pilot Studies In-situ observation Prototype #3
  27. 27. Final Prototype Pre-Production Display by Erogear
  28. 28. SFF: FINAL VISUALIZATIONS
  29. 29. Final Prototype Goal Pace Tracking Visualization
  30. 30. FIELD STUDY PARTICIPANTS 10 GROUPS; 52 INDIVIDUALS (35 FEMALE) Avg Group Size: 5 Avg Age: 40.7 Avg Target Pace: 10:14 Avg Distance: 3.5 mi
  31. 31. RACE STUDY PARTICIPANTS 4 INDIVIDUALS (1 FEMALE) Male, 34 Target Pace: 6:10 County 8K Female, 33 Target Pace: 8:20 County 8K Male, 26 Target Pace: 7:45 Labor Day 10K Male, 18 Target Pace: 8:30 Labor Day 10K
  32. 32. Race Deployment Competitive Interactions
  33. 33. “It made me more aware of our pacing and kept me more focused on the run.” -G2P2-W FIELD STUDY RESULTS DATA AWARENESS; ALL (N=52)
  34. 34. “Made me feel like I was pushing my efforts, which is good.” -G7P8 FIELD STUDY RESULTS MOTIVATION; ALL (N=52) “Motivated me to go faster than the pace displayed.” -G7P7
  35. 35. Gold Medal
  36. 36. “It made me run faster because my performance was on display.” -R2P1-W RACE STUDY RESULTS MOTIVATION; WEARERS (N=4)
  37. 37. Potential Dichotomy Increased motivation vs. increased anxiety SFF Externalizes Performance
  38. 38. NEW EROGEAR FOS DISPLAY Source: http://www.erogear.com/
  39. 39. “Does my heart beat faster when running vs. reading a book? Why?” “How does my breathing rate compare to my classmate’s and why may this be?” “How does food travel through my body?”
  40. 40. 417
  41. 41. http://learn.sparkfun.com http://learn.adafruit.com/ http://www.instructables.com/ proquest.safaribooksonline.com/ http://highlowtech.org/ itp.nyu.edu/physcomp/Tutorials JOIN US! ONLINE RESOURCES
  42. 42. GRADUATE STUDENTS Matt Mauriello Social Fabric Fitness Michael Gubbels Social Fabric Fitness Leyla Norooz BodyVis Ladan Najafizadeh ILikeThisShirt FUNDING
  43. 43. Volcano by Hunotika http://thenounproject.com/term/volcano/42791/ T-Shirt by Josh http://thenounproject.com/term/tshirt/8009/ ICON CREDITS FONT CREDITS Segoe Condensed Segoe UI Light Segoe UI Semibold
  44. 44. Human Computer Interaction Laboratory makeability lab @jonfroehlich Assistant Professor, Computer Science University of Maryland D.C. Art Science (DASER) National Academy of Sciences October 16, 2014

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