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This is my mega-updated version that we now use with Year 10 pupils studying AQA syllabus B. It links in with p48-51 of the AQA b textbook. It is a great way of getting pupils to show progress and develop their high order thinking skills! It also uses the vision frame exercise from "Representing Geography" to enable students to understand Dharavi.
i would appreciate any feedback that you or your students can give me on this.

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  1. 1. Living For The City
  2. 2. Learning Objective: To understand what life in a favela is like. Learning Objective: To understand what life in a favela is like.
  3. 3. Learning Objective: To understand what life in a favela is like. Learning Outcome: You will understand that shanty towns are a key feature of most LEDC cities.
  4. 4. Learning Objective: To understand what life in a favela is like. A “Favela” is the word used in Brazil to describe a shanty town.
  5. 5. A Shanty Town is a squatter community that springs up in an area that used to have no houses.
  6. 6. A Squatter is someone who settles on the land without the legal right to be there.
  7. 7. Shanty Towns are also called “Spontaneous Settlements” . It means the place is unplanned.
  8. 8. ROCINHA is the biggest favela in Rio De Janeiro.
  9. 9. It’s also the biggest in South America!
  10. 10. With people living on top of people!
  11. 11. Electricity comes from wherever you can get it!
  12. 12. And goes wherever it is needed!
  13. 13. Around 200,000 people live in Rocinha... WHY?
  14. 14. Death Rates in Rocinha are THREE times higher than the rest of Rio. Why?
  15. 15. What questions can we ask the people here about living in Rocinha?
  16. 16. What kind of work will they do in the future?
  17. 17. Can she enjoy living in Rocinha?
  18. 18. Can tourism be the answer?
  19. 19. AQA Examiners tip <ul><li>With reference to a specific area of slum or shanty housing be able to describe the living conditions. </li></ul>
  20. 20. Dharavi is the largest ‘slum’ in Asia Location: Mumbai, India
  21. 21. How would they describe Dharavi to a tourist?
  22. 22. L.O: To understand life in Dharavi and be able to describe it. <ul><li>Some can analyze why Dharavi is described as a “slum of hope” </li></ul><ul><li>Most can explain why Dharavi is described as a “slum of despair” </li></ul><ul><li>All can describe living conditions in Dharavi </li></ul>
  23. 23. Use the “ Vision Frame ” to describe Dharavi
  24. 24. Life in Dharavi is… The streets are… People are….
  25. 25. Learning Outcome We now understand <ul><li>One in three people will live in urban slums in the next thirty years. </li></ul><ul><li>Urban growth like this can create opportunities for development. </li></ul>
  26. 26. AQA Examiners tip <ul><li>Know a case study of a slum area that has been improved to give residents a better quality of life. </li></ul>
  27. 27. Kibera is the largest shanty town in Africa Location: Nairobi, Kenya
  28. 28. How would he want to see Kibera change?
  29. 29. How can you persuade people to move here… … from here ?
  30. 30. You have 5 minutes to persuade them!
  31. 31. KENSUP = Kenya Slum Upgrade
  32. 32. L.O: To explore strategies for improving life in Kibera. <ul><li>Some can analyze the range of strategies to improve living conditions </li></ul><ul><li>Most can explain how improvement schemes are managing urban poverty </li></ul><ul><li>All can describe one way in which Kibera has been improved </li></ul>
  33. 33. Who is helping to change Kibera for her?
  34. 34. People take pride in their homes because… Their health is improved by… A ‘community spirit’ is created when…
  35. 35. Learning Outcome We now understand <ul><li>Improving living conditions requires a range of strategies. </li></ul><ul><li>Access to clean water and sanitation would make a big difference to many slum dwellers. </li></ul>
  36. 36. Recap time!
  37. 37. Explain what a ‘self-help scheme’ is.
  38. 38. How would she describe her home to a visitor?
  39. 39. Remember the case studies! <ul><li>Rocinha - Rio De Janiero, Brazil </li></ul><ul><li>Dharavi - Mumbai, India </li></ul><ul><li>Kibera - Nairobi, Kenya </li></ul>
  40. 40. Thank You
  41. 41. Thank You
  42. 42. Zen Geography S. Jones 2009 Photo credits: Flickr