The Missing Link


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The Missing Link - Pragmatics and Pronunciation

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The Missing Link

  1. 1. The Missing Link: Pragmatics and Pronunciation Tamara Jones SHAPE Language Center, Belgium
  2. 2. pragmatics pronunciation perceptions of politeness
  3. 3. Pragmatics
  4. 4. … knowing how, when, and why to say what to whom NSFLE (2000)
  5. 5. • Close the window, please. • Would you mind if I closed the window? • Brr, it’s chilly in here.
  6. 6. It does not take massive breakdowns to create tensions between people of different cultural backgrounds. Rather, it is a cumulative process made up of uncomfortable moments and small frustrations. Beal (1992)
  7. 7. Pronunciation
  8. 8. “Thank you very much. Please come again.”
  9. 9. Pronunciation I love you. Intonation I love you. I love you. Sentence Stress I love you.
  10. 10. When grammar and intonation are at odds, the intonation directly carries the illocutionary force of the speech act. Wennerstrom (2001)
  11. 11. Bringing Pragmatics and Pronunciation into our Conversation Classrooms
  12. 12. To Teach or not to Teach? Environment helps, BUT Exposure alone is not enough. We have to take an explicit approach!
  13. 13. Intonation Pronunciation Mini Lessons Sentence Stress
  14. 14. • Awareness raising Intonation • Arrows • Choral repetition – Conducting – Kazoos • Recordings Hello! Are you alright? Yes. How about you?
  15. 15. • The fences from Well Said • Dots above stressed words Sentence Stress • Clapping • Rubber bands • Recordings Would you mind if I borrowed your pen? pen It’s been nice chatting with you.
  16. 16. Morley (1992) Martinez- Flor & Uso-Juan (2006) My Lesson Plan
  17. 17. My Lesson Plan 1. Warm Up 2. Consciousness Raising 3. Explicit Instruction 4. Practice 5. Assessment (?)
  18. 18. Warm Ups
  19. 19. Getting Started • Observations • Surveys
  20. 20. Consciousness Raising
  21. 21. Video Clips • Television clips – Reality TV Aneesa: I feel like she loves attention. I can’t – Scripted TV (last resort) I have to say in the back of believe people. my mind, like, “you need attention, you need • DIY attention, you need attention.” – Unscripted communicativelyattention, yes. speakers Cara: She does need competent • Video Aneesa: And I am just like … • Audio Cara: Actually, she is very needy. But, I still think that she’s physically ill as well.
  22. 22. Tiffany: Hey! How’s it going? Tamara: Good. Tiffany: Hey, let’s … can I just look at your calendar? Because I have a question. I know you’ve got your weekends planned months in advance, but Elmer and I were just thinking about, and we’re not sure about this at all, but for the concert, possibly, if we’re going to be there all day on Saturday, maybe staying in a hotel room that night. Tamara: Oh, yeah? Tiffany: So, if, and this is totally if this works with your guys’ schedule, if you guys wouldn’t mind and you wanted to come up for that weekend, would you mind watching the dogs? Tamara: Yeah, no problem. Tiffany: If it works. If it totally works. Are you sure you don’t mind? Tamara: Sure. Tiffany: Oh! The doggies will be so happy!
  23. 23. Tiffany: Hey! How’s it going?
  24. 24. Tiffany: … if you guys wouldn’t mind and you wanted to come up for that weekend, would you mind watching the dogs?
  25. 25. Tamara: Yeah, no problem. Tiffany: If it works. If it totally works. Are you sure you don’t mind? Tamara: Sure.
  26. 26. Explicit Instruction
  27. 27. Communicate that you are Listening! • encouraging words: • repeating questions: – Mhmm. – word / phrase as – Yeah. a question – Wow! • information • comments: questions: – How interesting! – Why did she do that? – That’s amazing! – What happened • emphasis questions: next? – Really?
  28. 28. Disagreeing Top 4 1. Agreement prefaced disagreement – “Yes, but” – Agreement part is faster and weaker 2. Showing discomfort – “Well” – Long and flat intonation 3. Checking the statement – “Really?” – Rising intonation 4. Pretending a lack of comprehension – “What?” – Rising Intonation
  29. 29. minimizing checking promising Favor Asking Steps disarming warning introducing
  30. 30. Practice
  31. 31. Who will colonize Marzipan?
  32. 32. Assessment
  33. 33. Great Pronunciation Supplements • Avery, P. and Erlich, S. (1997) Teaching American English Pronunciation, Oxford University Press • Beisbier, B. (1994) Sounds Great, Thompson and Heinle • Gilbert, J. (2001) Clear Speech, Cambridge University Press • Grant, L. (2001) Well Said, Heinle and Heinle • Hancock, A. (1995) Pronunciation Games, Cambridge University Press • Meyers, C. & Holt, S. (2001) Pronunciation for Success, Aspen Productions • Miller, S. (2005) Targeting Pronunciation, Houghton Mifflin Co • Noll, M. (2007) American Accent Skills, Ameritalk Press
  34. 34. Great Pragmatics Supplements • Foreign Affairs Canada website, • CARLA website: • Teaching Pragmatics website: matics.html • Martinez-Flor, A. and Uso-Juan, E (2006) A comprehensive pedagogical framework to develop pragmatics in the foreign language classroom: The 6Rs approach, Applied Language Learning, 16(2)
  35. 35. We want our students to be fully effective communicators. Kanellou (2009)
  36. 36. Thank you for your interest! Tamara Jones SHAPE Language Center, Belgium