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7.3 new american diplomacy


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7.3 new american diplomacy

  1. 1. 7.3 New American Diplomacy<br />
  2. 2. Teddy Roosevelt is Vice President after the election of 1900 with Mckinley<br />
  3. 3. Boxer Rebellion<br />The U.S. was very interested in China due to the trade relationship. The U.S. would trade for silk, tea, and spices. <br />OPEN DOOR POLICY: unrestricted trade with China.<br />There were secret Chinese societies wanting to rid China of Western influences.<br />These secret society members were called Boxers.<br />'Society of Righteous and Harmonious Fists<br />These Boxers led a rebellion in China against western embassies killing 200 people called the Boxer Rebellion<br />In August of 1900 U.S. troops and other foreign soldiers (50,000) went to China and put down the rebellion.<br />
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  5. 5. US Troops In China Captured Boxer<br />
  6. 6. Death of McKinley<br />On September 6th, 1901 President McKinley was shot by Leon Czolgosz. He was an anarchist who opposed all forms of government.<br />McKinley was at a public appearance in Buffalo New York.<br />A few days later McKinley died. Vice President Theodore “Teddy” Roosevelt became President.<br />At age 42, Roosevelt became the youngest President in American history.<br />
  7. 7. Upon completion of the autopsy, Leon Czolgosz's body was placed in a plain, black casket and doused with sulfuric acid. His remains disintegrated within 12 hours.<br />
  8. 8. Theodore Roosevelt<br />He was born into a wealthy New York family.<br />Roosevelt desperately wanted to fight in a war…and got his chance in the Spanish American War<br />Republicans only wanted him to be VP b/c of his charisma and war hero status…they never wanted him to have to make actual choices<br />He loved the outdoors and sporting events.<br />He owned a large ranch along the Little Missouri River in South Dakota. On his ranch he had about 8,500 cows.<br />He was married twice and had a total of 6 children.<br />His nickname was “Teddy” and while on hunting trip to Mississippi he refused to shoot a small bear cub. This is where the “Teddy Bear” came from.<br />
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  17. 17. Roosevelt’s Diplomacy<br />In 1907, Roosevelt sent 16 battleships on a trip around the world to showcase America’s strength.<br />This fleet of ships was known as The Great White Fleet.<br />Roosevelt insisted on having a strong global presence.<br />He wanted countries to think hard before starting war with America. <br />He believed that by showing your military strength you can actually promote peace through fear. (kinda like nuclear power today)<br />This was known as Big Stick Diplomacy.<br />
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  21. 21. Roosevelt’s Diplomacy part 2<br />He loved to say the quote, “Speak softly and carry a big stick.”<br />Roosevelt promised that America would financially watch over Latin America to maintain peace in the Western Hemisphere.<br />This was called the Roosevelt Corollary.<br />
  22. 22. Dollar Diplomacy<br />This refers to when America began giving millions of dollars to Latin American countries.<br />Through the Roosevelt Corollary we promised to back up all loans made my European empires to their South American countries<br />If American businesses supported this region, then everyone would benefit from trade relationships.<br />America helping these countries would bring stability to the region and force Europe to stay away.<br />
  23. 23. Your Pick: We are Coming. Do you want the stick or the dollar?<br />
  24. 24. The Panama Canal<br />President Roosevelt wanted a canal through Panama that would connect the Atlantic and Pacific Oceans.<br />This canal would save time and money for the shipping industry.<br />In 1901, the U.S. signed the Hay-Pauncefote Treaty which gave them total access to build and control any canal through Panama.<br />During construction, many Americans died due to diseases carried by mosquitoes like Malaria and Yellow Fever.<br />
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  27. 27. The Panama Canal Part II<br />The canal took 10 years to build and cost more than $390 million.<br />The canal shortened the distance between the two oceans by about 8,000 miles. (12,660 miles to now 4,900)<br />It takes about 8 days to travel the distance of 50 miles through the canal.<br />In 1977, U.S. President Jimmy Carter signed a treaty that gave the canal back to Panama in 1999. <br />
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  30. 30. 1945 WWII Ship Passing Through<br />
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  33. 33. Still Deepening and Widening to this Day<br />