13.1 the rise of dictators


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13.1 the rise of dictators

  1. 1. Chapter 13A World in Flames<br />
  2. 2. 13.1<br />World Dictators and America<br />
  3. 3. The Rise of Dictators after WWI<br />The Treaty of Versailles wasn’t fair…<br />The world-wide Great Depression made matters far worse<br />When people get desperate they are more willing to believe that a single person can solve their problems<br />After WWI…this process began to emerge in Europe and Asia<br />
  4. 4. Mussolini in Italy<br />In 1919 Benito Mussolini started the Fascist Party in Italy.<br />Fascism believes that the country is more important than the person.<br />Mussolini pledged to take Italy back to the glory days of the Roman Empire.<br />His nickname wasil Duce which means “the leader.”<br />The fascist militia (soldiers) were known as Blackshirts.<br />
  5. 5. Mussolini arrested in Switzerland in 1903 for leading a violent worker’s protest<br />
  6. 6. Mussolini leading his Blackshirts into Rome as the Fascists take over<br />
  7. 7. An Italian at the time wrote:<br /> “Mussolini may have done many brutal and tyrannical things; he may have destroyed human freedom in Italy; he may have murdered and tortured citizens whose only crime was to oppose Mussolini; but “one had to admit” one thing about the Dictator: he “made the trains run on time.”’<br />“He made the trains run on time.” Why is this important?<br />
  8. 8. Stalin in Russia<br />By 1917 when the Russian Revolution happened, the country was being called the Union of Soviet Socialists Republics (USSR).<br />Joseph Stalin became the leader of the USSR in 1926.<br />He imposed communism ruthlessly and forcefully killing 8-10 million Russians.<br />He is responsible for more deaths than any other person in human history.<br />
  9. 9. Stalin in his mid-20sAround this time he adopted the name “Stalin” which is the Russian word for “steel”<br />
  10. 10. Stalin’s mug shot after being arrested as a Communist in his early years<br />
  11. 11. STALIN LENIN<br />
  12. 12. Vladamir Lenin on his death bed wrote about Stalin:<br />"Comrade Stalin, having become General Secretary, has concentrated enormous power in his hands: and I am not sure that he always knows how to use that power with sufficient caution. I therefore propose to our comrades to consider a means of removing Stalin from this post and appointing someone else who differs from Stalin in one weighty respect: being more tolerant, more loyal, more polite, more considerate of his comrades." <br />
  13. 13. Collective Farms<br />
  14. 14. Stalin was the most ruthless of all the dictators towards his own people. If he didn’t trust you…he killed you…and then photo shopped you. <br />
  15. 15. Stalin’s Siberian Labor Camps<br />
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  18. 18. ADOLF HITLTER<br />
  19. 19. Born to two very poor parents in Austria (he wasn’t even German)<br />Very good in school, very serious, very religious and considered becoming a monk<br />Wanted to be top of class, didn’t make it…and completely stopped trying<br />Only class he liked – History…and he loved German military history<br />Dropped out of high school<br />WWI occurred and he was happy…but refused to fight for Austria and instead moved to German and volunteered to fight for them<br />
  20. 20. WWI Portrait<br />
  21. 21. Hitler with fellow German troops in WWI (far left)<br />
  22. 22. WWI (far right)<br />
  23. 23. Hitler in Germany<br />Adolf Hitler admired Mussolini and how he came to power.<br />Hitler began to associate with the National Socialists German Workers Party. Better known as the Nazi Party.<br />The symbol of the Nazi Party was a swastika.<br />Hitler was arrested in 1923 for trying to start a revolution called the Beer Hall Putsch.<br />He was copying Mussolini’s March on Rome<br />While in jail, he wrote his autobiography titled Mein Kampf(my struggle).<br />After prison, he became Chancellor in 1933 and President in 1934.<br />
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  25. 25. 1928 Nazi Rally after Hitler is out of jail<br />
  26. 26. 1930 Nazi Meeting – by this time the Nazi party had become incredibly popular<br />
  27. 27. 1933-Hitler in window receiving standing ovation after being named Chancellor<br />
  28. 28. 1935 – Presidential ParadeThe title was the Fuhrer<br />
  29. 29. The “Master” Race<br />In Mein Kampf, Hitler describes what he considers to be the master race.<br />Blonde hair and blue eyes were considered superior over everyone else.<br />This master race was called Aryans.<br />He believed that Aryans needed more living space. That is one of his many reasons for invading Europe.<br />
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  32. 32. Militarists Control Japan<br />Being an island, Japan lacks many resources<br />In the Depression other countries raised tariffs and it crushed Japan because they rely on many imports<br />The military and the people blamed the political system and corrupt politicians<br />The military took over the government and believed the only way Japan could prosper is if they controlled more of Asia<br />1931 – Japan invaded Manchuria, China for its resources<br />
  33. 33. Japanese occupied Manchuria<br />
  34. 34. Very Soon Hitler, Mussolini, and the Japanese all entered into relationships.Eurasia was becoming very volatile. <br />
  35. 35. U.S. wanting to stay Neutral<br />The United States was still in the Great Depression.<br />They did not want to get involved in a costly war with Europe.<br />Congress would pass two Acts to remain neutral:<br /> 1. Neutrality Act of 1935<br /> 2. Neutrality Act of 1937<br />The U.S. sold materials to other countries based on the cash and carry policy.<br />