DefinitionA simulation is a representation of an event or incident. It contains simulated elements.It is a model made by a computer of a real or an imaginary system. It shows how effectively works.Provides the opportunity to manipulate information that affects the experience.
Simulations Categorieso Physical Simulations: These offer the opportunity to manipulate objects represented in a screen.o Process Simulations: These are based on experimentation with genetic rules, for example.o Situational Simulations: These are from students’ situations to solve.o Procedural Simulations: These show the appropiate sequence to perform a process.
Characteristics of Simulations Vision of Knowledge: At the time it is developed a simulation, the teacher changes his way to provide information to students. An Authentic Problem: Simulations are based of problems or real-life situations. A context or Setting: All kind of simulations are based on an imaginary context. And this imaginary scenario it is represented in a series of graphics.
Variables: The teacher defines the various the different scenarios or steps that students will manipulate. Rules of Interaction: These are directed by the interaction of the game and learning process.
Advantages Associated toComputer Simulations Student involvement Low cost Safety Better transfer Reduced threat and anxiety Encouragement of socialization and collaboration Adjustments to realism to maximum learning Making the impossible, possible
Limitations Associated withComputer Simulations Time demands More threat and anxiety Adoption of the material but not the concept. Deciding when to intervene directly is difficult. Objectives mismatch Competitive focus
Teaching with Simulations Presentation: Simulation require a careful and detailed background preparation of students. Debriefing: Teacher must provide to students a series of questions that must be develop in the simulation. Group Work: Teaching with simulations enhances collaboration into the members of a group.
Conclusions Simulations are a representative form of learning through technology. Simulaltions provide a collaborative learning between the students. At the time the teacher is presenting a topic with simulations, it requires a previous preparation.