Successfully reported this slideshow.
We use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads. You can change your ad preferences anytime.

Ps 212 Geddes 1999

966 views

Published on

  • Be the first to comment

Ps 212 Geddes 1999

  1. 1. What do we know about democratization after 20 years?<br />Geddes (1999)<br />
  2. 2.
  3. 3.
  4. 4. Politics <br />The process by which the actions of government are determined<br />Virtually every country is unique<br />
  5. 5.
  6. 6. What is democracy?<br />Joseph Schumpeter (1950)<br /> “institutional arrangement for arriving at political decisions in which the individuals acquire the power to decide by means of a competitive struggle for the people’s vote”<br />
  7. 7. What is Democracy<br />Dictionary.com:<br /> “a form of government in which the supreme power is vested in the people and exercised directly by them or by their elected agents under a free electoral system”<br />
  8. 8. Who can Vote?<br /><ul><li>Lebanon – Compulsory for men; optional for women (must have elementary education)
  9. 9. Bhutan – one vote per house
  10. 10. Leichtenstein – women’s suffrage in 1984
  11. 11. Saudi Arabia – local elections only, women cannot vote or run for office
  12. 12. Qatar – Women originally rejected the right to vote, but now can</li></li></ul><li>What is Democracy?<br />Voting is only one of many characteristics of a democracy<br />
  13. 13. What is Democracy?<br />
  14. 14. What is Democracy?<br />Certain basic principles are necessary in any modern definition of democracy.<br />Free and fair elections<br />Majority rule<br />Freedom of expression<br />Freedom of assembly and the right to protest<br />Much more emphasis on liberal norms, pluralism<br />Broad participation, equality, human rights<br />
  15. 15. Huntington (1991): 3rd Wave of Democratization<br />
  16. 16. Another look…<br />
  17. 17. Democracy in the World<br />
  18. 18. Why does it matter?<br />
  19. 19. Trends…maybe<br />Wealthy countries are more democratic<br />Poor economic performance increases breakdown<br />“there is no transition whose beginning is not the consequence…of important divisions within the authoritarian regime itself”<br />“Elite Pacts” are good for democracy<br />Strong “outgoing” elites are better off later<br />
  20. 20. Why the inconsistency?<br />“Authoritarian” regimes come in MANY forms<br />Personalist<br />Military<br />Single-Party<br />“Amalgams”<br />Let’s add “Multi-Party”<br />
  21. 21. The stepping stone to Democracy<br />
  22. 22. Limited Multiparty<br />Not true democracies, but possess many features of them<br />“Anocracies”<br />Electoral Democracy<br />Electoral Authoritarian<br />Pseudo-democracy<br /> Illiberal democracy<br />Semi-democracy<br />Etc<br />Etc<br />
  23. 23.
  24. 24. Why does regime type matter for democratization?<br />
  25. 25. Hadenius & Teorell (2007)<br />
  26. 26. Hadenius & Teorell (2007)<br />

×