Early Governance

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Early Governance

  1. 1. May 12, 2010 Copyright 2006 Prentice Hall
  2. 2.  The rules of the game and the structures that make and enforce these rules Copyright 2006 Prentice Hall Government
  3. 3. Power The ability to get individuals, groups, or institutions to do something [they would not otherwise do] Authority The recognized right for a particular individual, group, or institution to make binding decisions Copyright 2006 Prentice Hall
  4. 4.  Monarchy (Constitutional or not)  Dictatorship  Oligarchy  Pluralism  Pure Democracy  Representative  Totalitarian  Authoritarian  Constitutional Copyright 2006 Prentice Hall
  5. 5.  Mayflower Compact • Legalized the Pilgrims’ position as a body politic  Colonial Assemblies • Every colony in the New World had an assembly Copyright 2006 Prentice Hall
  6. 6. If the royal governors were responsive to the concerns of the assemblies, why did the colonists become dissatisfied with British rule? Copyright 2006 Prentice Hall
  7. 7. Two developments upset the balance 1. Debate over the extent of royal authority in government 2. Financial pressures of the French and Indian War Copyright 2006 Prentice Hall
  8. 8. Financial causes Great Squeeze Townshend Acts Stamp and Sugar Acts Copyright 2006 Prentice Hall
  9. 9.  In 1765, the Sons of Liberty organized in resistance to the Stamp Act  Held rallies, sponsored “committees of correspondence,” and recruited community leaders to their cause Copyright 2006 Prentice Hall
  10. 10. Ideological Motivations Creation of government with voice for all (white, male, propertied) citizens “No taxation without representation” Debates over nature of self-governance Copyright 2006 Prentice Hall
  11. 11.  First Continental Congress • Many still hoped for compromise  Second Continental Congress • Battle of Lexington showed that compromise was impossible Copyright 2006 Prentice Hall
  12. 12.  Not really… Copyright 2006 Prentice Hall
  13. 13.  By December 1776, the British seemed to be winning the war  Three developments turned the war in favor of the colonists 1. High-profile victories 2. Thomas Paine’s “Crisis” papers 3. French government supported revolution Copyright 2006 Prentice Hall
  14. 14. “The tree of liberty must be refreshed from time to time with the blood of patriots and tyrants.” -Thomas Jefferson, 1787 Copyright 2006 Prentice Hall
  15. 15. Copyright 2006 Prentice Hall
  16. 16. Copyright 2006 Prentice Hall Goal: to bring the thirteen states together while allowing each state to remain independent Adopted on March 1, 1781 Under the Articles, each state issued its own currency
  17. 17. Copyright 2006 Prentice Hall
  18. 18.  No power to regulate interstate commerce -States could erect trade barriers against each other  No executive  No federal courts  No tax power -Congress could only request money from the states  No ability to draft citizens for military service  No power over foreign policy Copyright 2006 Prentice Hall
  19. 19.  Shays’s Rebellion • Economic depression of mid-1780s  Daniel Shays • Rallied farmers to demand change from government Copyright 2006 Prentice Hall

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