2Co 5:17 So if anyone is in Christ,
there is a new creation: everything
old has passed away; see,
everything has become ne...
Changes that Matter Undergoes
Section 3.1 Physical Change
Section 3.1a States of Matter
Section 3.1b Phase Changes

Sectio...
Section 3.0 Changes in Matter
• Define physical change and list several common
physical changes.

• Define chemical change...
Physical Changes
• A change that alters a substance without
changing its composition is known as a
physical change.
It’s a...
States of Matter
• The physical forms of matter, either solid,
liquid, or gas, are called the states of
matter.
• Solids a...
States of Matter (cont.)
• Gases have no definite shape or
volume. They expand to fill their
container.
Vapor refers to th...
The five states of matter:
BOSEEINSTEIN
SOLIDS
CONDENSATE

Lower
Temperature

PLASMAS
LIQUIDS

GASES

(only for low
densit...
Plasma

Bose-Einstein
Condensate
But what happens if you raise the
temperature to super-high levels…
between
1000 C and 1,000,000,000 C ?

Will everything
...
PLASMA--- 4th state of matter
 A plasma is an
ionized gas.
 A plasma is a very
good conductor of
electricity and is
affe...
Some places where plasmas are found…

1. Flames
2. Lightning
3. Aurora (Northern Lights)
4. Neon lights
5. Stars

Stars make up 99% of the total matter in the Universe.
Therefore, 99% of everything that exists in the entire
Un...
The Sun is an example of a star in its
plasma state
6. Clouds of gas and dust around stars

6
But now what happens if you lower the
temperature way, way, down to
100 nano degrees above
“Absolute Zero” (-273°C)

Will ...
Not Necessarily!
In 1924 (82 years ago), two scientists, Albert
Einstein and Satyendra Bose predicted a 5th
state of matte...
In a Bose-Einstein condensate, atoms can no
longer bounce around as individuals.
Instead they must all act in exactly the ...
Some other computer images of Bose-Einstein Condensates…
To really understand BoseEinstein condensate you
need to know

Quantum Physics
Phase Changes
Chemical Change
• A change that involves one or more
substances turning into new substances is
called a chemical change.
•...
Conservation of Mass
• The law of conservation of mass states
that mass is neither created nor destroyed
in a chemical rea...
Section 3 Changes in Matter
Key Concepts
• A physical change alters the physical properties of a
substance without changin...
“You can never change the nature of things
Because CHANGE is the nature of things”
Changes in matter lesson
Changes in matter lesson
Changes in matter lesson
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in …5
×

Changes in matter lesson

1,001 views

Published on

0 Comments
0 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

No Downloads
Views
Total views
1,001
On SlideShare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
6
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
33
Comments
0
Likes
0
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

Changes in matter lesson

  1. 1. 2Co 5:17 So if anyone is in Christ, there is a new creation: everything old has passed away; see, everything has become new!
  2. 2. Changes that Matter Undergoes Section 3.1 Physical Change Section 3.1a States of Matter Section 3.1b Phase Changes Section 3.2 Chemical Change Exit
  3. 3. Section 3.0 Changes in Matter • Define physical change and list several common physical changes. • Define chemical change and list several indications that a chemical change has taken place. • Apply the law of conservation of mass to chemical reactions. observation: orderly, direct information gathering about a phenomenon
  4. 4. Physical Changes • A change that alters a substance without changing its composition is known as a physical change. It’s a physical change if... • It changes shape or size ( broken glass, cutting papers) • It dissolves (Sugar dissolving in water) • It changes state/phase (melting of ice) A phase change is a transition of matter from one state to another.
  5. 5. States of Matter • The physical forms of matter, either solid, liquid, or gas, are called the states of matter. • Solids are a form of matter that have their own definite shape and volume. • Liquids are a form of matter that have a definite volume but take the shape of the container.
  6. 6. States of Matter (cont.) • Gases have no definite shape or volume. They expand to fill their container. Vapor refers to the gaseous state of a substance that is a solid or liquid at room temperature.
  7. 7. The five states of matter: BOSEEINSTEIN SOLIDS CONDENSATE Lower Temperature PLASMAS LIQUIDS GASES (only for low density ionized gases) Higher Temperature
  8. 8. Plasma Bose-Einstein Condensate
  9. 9. But what happens if you raise the temperature to super-high levels… between 1000 C and 1,000,000,000 C ? Will everything just be a gas?
  10. 10. PLASMA--- 4th state of matter  A plasma is an ionized gas.  A plasma is a very good conductor of electricity and is affected by magnetic fields.  Plasmas, like gases • Plasma is the have an indefinite shape and an common state indefinite volume. of matter
  11. 11. Some places where plasmas are found… 1. Flames
  12. 12. 2. Lightning
  13. 13. 3. Aurora (Northern Lights)
  14. 14. 4. Neon lights
  15. 15. 5. Stars Stars make up 99% of the total matter in the Universe. Therefore, 99% of everything that exists in the entire Universe is in the plasma state.
  16. 16. The Sun is an example of a star in its plasma state
  17. 17. 6. Clouds of gas and dust around stars 6
  18. 18. But now what happens if you lower the temperature way, way, down to 100 nano degrees above “Absolute Zero” (-273°C) Will everything just be a frozen solid?
  19. 19. Not Necessarily! In 1924 (82 years ago), two scientists, Albert Einstein and Satyendra Bose predicted a 5th state of matter which would occur at very very low temperatures. Einstein Bose +
  20. 20. In a Bose-Einstein condensate, atoms can no longer bounce around as individuals. Instead they must all act in exactly the same way, and you can no longer tell them apart!
  21. 21. Some other computer images of Bose-Einstein Condensates…
  22. 22. To really understand BoseEinstein condensate you need to know Quantum Physics
  23. 23. Phase Changes
  24. 24. Chemical Change • A change that involves one or more substances turning into new substances is called a chemical change. • Decomposing, rusting, exploding, burning, or oxidizing are all terms that describe chemical changes.
  25. 25. Conservation of Mass • The law of conservation of mass states that mass is neither created nor destroyed in a chemical reaction, it is conserved. • The mass of the reactants equals the mass of the products. massreactants = massproducts
  26. 26. Section 3 Changes in Matter Key Concepts • A physical change alters the physical properties of a substance without changing its composition. • The five states of matter are solid, liquid, and gas, plasma and bose – Einstein condensate • A chemical change, also known as a chemical reaction, inv olves a change in a substance’s composition. • In a chemical reaction, reactants form products. • The law of conservation of mass states that mass is neither created nor destroyed during a chemical reaction; it is conserved. massreactants = massproducts
  27. 27. “You can never change the nature of things Because CHANGE is the nature of things”

×