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2016-05-20
1
Understanding EPA’s
Proposed Hazardous
Waste Generator
Improvement Rules
Federal hazardous waste generator ru...
2016-05-20
2
commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=18116784
You want to have a good understanding of what’s
coming, and ...
2016-05-20
3
Hazardous waste is
regulated under RCRA
1 2 3
Generators need to know
how to identify and
manage hazardous wa...
2016-05-20
4
By Gene Daniels, catalog.archives.gov/id/553045
By John Messina, catalog.archives.gov/id/552884
2016-05-20
5
commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=5508448
Hazardous waste in the
United States is regulated
under the R...
2016-05-20
6
The waste management regulations in Title 40 CFR
contain the technical details
1
www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/CFR-20...
2016-05-20
7
40 CFR Parts 263 through 279 cover
additional hazardous waste requirements
1
www.ecfr.gov
Each state can have...
2016-05-20
8
When you assess compliance, you need
to know state hazardous waste rules too
1
www.epa.gov/hwgenerators/table...
2016-05-20
9
Changes to RCRA have to be passed by Congress
1
commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=17800708
Changes to T...
2016-05-20
10
Hazardous waste
generators need to know
how to identify hazardous
waste, and how to
manage it
2
Hazardous wa...
2016-05-20
11
Hazardous waste comes from diverse sources
By Peabody Energy, Inc. - Provided by Peabody Energy, CC BY 3.0,
...
2016-05-20
12
Use 40 CFR Part 261 to determine
whether your waste is hazardous waste
2
42 USC 6903 Definitions
As used in ...
2016-05-20
13
Use 40 CFR Part 261 to determine
whether your waste is hazardous waste
2
40 CFR 261.2 Definition of solid wa...
2016-05-20
14
Generators are classified according to
how much hazardous waste they generate
2
Conditionally exempt small q...
2016-05-20
15
SQGs and LQGs must meet requirements in
40 CFR Part 262
2
Use a manifest
Accumulate ≤6000 kg
Prepare waste f...
2016-05-20
16
Requirements for different generator types
overlap in the regulations
2
By Julian Burgess, CC BY 2.0, www.fl...
2016-05-20
17
Requirements for different generator types
overlap in the regulations
2
By Julian Burgess, CC BY 2.0, https:...
2016-05-20
18
Some terms are not clearly defined
2
By Tony Webster, CC BY 2.0, commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=398...
2016-05-20
19
The hazardous waste
generator rules are
being streamlined
and improved
3
2015
The rules are being reorganize...
2016-05-20
20
The general hazardous waste definitions
are being revised and expanded
3
federalregister.gov/a/2015-23166
.....
2016-05-20
21
There will be more guidance for hazardous waste
determination and generator categories
3
www.regulations.gov...
2016-05-20
22
CESQGs will be able to consolidate wastes at LQG
under control of same person
3
By Horia Varlan, CC BY 2.0, ...
2016-05-20
23
Generators can apply for a waiver
to the 50-foot requirement
3
By Za, CC BY-SA 3.0, commons.wikimedia.org/w/...
2016-05-20
24
Requirements for emergency preparedness
and planning will change
3
By cbs_fan on Flickr, CC BY-SA 2.0,
commo...
2016-05-20
25
SQGs and LQGs must re-notify every two years
3
www.pexels.com/photo/
The biennial report requirements are be...
2016-05-20
26
Requirements for satellite accumulation
areas are changing
3
By Trevor MacInnis, CC BY-SA 2.5, commons.wikim...
2016-05-20
27
3
By Megan Allen from United Kingdom - Atomium, CC BY 2.0,
commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=41400485
...
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Three Ways the New US Hazardous Waste Generator Rules Could Affect Your Operations

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In 2015, the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) proposed changes to the federal rules that specify what entities that produce hazardous waste need to do to classify and manage it. If these rules come into effect as proposed, they’ll mean changes for between 350 000 and 540 000 entities that generate hazardous waste[2]. Practically every industry will be affected.

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Three Ways the New US Hazardous Waste Generator Rules Could Affect Your Operations

  1. 1. 2016-05-20 1 Understanding EPA’s Proposed Hazardous Waste Generator Improvement Rules Federal hazardous waste generator rules haven’t changed much in years, but major changes are coming commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=8079174 (title slide) By TheDailyNathan, CC BY-SA 3.0, commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=18025345
  2. 2. 2016-05-20 2 commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=18116784 You want to have a good understanding of what’s coming, and what you’ll need to do in response 350 000 to 540 000 entities 290 000 to 470 000 very small quantity generators Join me in this webinar to learn about the new hazardous waste generator rules
  3. 3. 2016-05-20 3 Hazardous waste is regulated under RCRA 1 2 3 Generators need to know how to identify and manage hazardous waste Generator rules are being streamlined and improved Hazardous waste in the United States is regulated under the Resource Conservation and Recovery Act (RCRA) 1 1976
  4. 4. 2016-05-20 4 By Gene Daniels, catalog.archives.gov/id/553045 By John Messina, catalog.archives.gov/id/552884
  5. 5. 2016-05-20 5 commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=5508448 Hazardous waste in the United States is regulated under the Resource Conservation and Recovery Act (RCRA) 1
  6. 6. 2016-05-20 6 The waste management regulations in Title 40 CFR contain the technical details 1 www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/CFR-2015-title40-vol1/pdf/CFR-2015-title40-vol1.pdf The main regulations for hazardous waste producers are 40 CFR Parts 260, 261, and 262 1 www.ecfr.gov
  7. 7. 2016-05-20 7 40 CFR Parts 263 through 279 cover additional hazardous waste requirements 1 www.ecfr.gov Each state can have its own hazardous waste rules in place of federal rules 1 By SiBr4 and respective authors of base files - Own work; based on File:Blank US Map.svg and files in Category:SVG flags of states of the United States, CC BY-SA 3.0, commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=43299314
  8. 8. 2016-05-20 8 When you assess compliance, you need to know state hazardous waste rules too 1 www.epa.gov/hwgenerators/table-noting-which-states-have-hazardous-waste-generator-categories-are-same-federal Federal hazardous waste rules are constantly evolving 1 By M. Garde - Self work (Original by: José-Manuel Benitos), CC BY-SA 3.0, commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=2165296
  9. 9. 2016-05-20 9 Changes to RCRA have to be passed by Congress 1 commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=17800708 Changes to Title 40 CFR are published in the Federal Register 1 By Zach Rudisin - Own work, CC BY-SA 3.0, commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=20727819
  10. 10. 2016-05-20 10 Hazardous waste generators need to know how to identify hazardous waste, and how to manage it 2 Hazardous waste is a solid waste that has potentially dangerous properties 2 commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=4984038 commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=4982665 commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=4983985 commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=4983904
  11. 11. 2016-05-20 11 Hazardous waste comes from diverse sources By Peabody Energy, Inc. - Provided by Peabody Energy, CC BY 3.0, commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=36846292 commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=2451997 By ANT Berezhnyi - 20101002_avto, CC BY 3.0, commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=14922901 By Simon Law from Montréal, QC, Canada - Dry cleaning, CC BY-SA 2.0, commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=3750563 By Walter Siegmund (talk) - Own work, CC BY 2.5, commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=3413544 2 Use 40 CFR Part 261 to determine whether your waste is hazardous waste 2 42 USC 6903 Definitions As used in this chapter: (27) The term “solid waste” means any garbage, refuse, sludge from a waste treatment plant, water supply treatment plant, or air pollution control facility and other discarded material, including solid, liquid, semisolid, or contained gaseous material resulting from industrial, commercial, mining, and agricultural operations, and from community activities, but does not include solid or dissolved material in domestic sewage, or solid or dissolved materials in irrigation return flows or industrial discharges which are point sources subject to permits under section 1342 of title 33, or source, special nuclear, or byproduct material as defined by the Atomic Energy Act of 1954, as amended (68 Stat. 923) [42 U.S.C. 2011 et seq.].
  12. 12. 2016-05-20 12 Use 40 CFR Part 261 to determine whether your waste is hazardous waste 2 42 USC 6903 Definitions As used in this chapter: (27) The term “solid waste” means garbage, refuse, sludge, and other discarded material. 40 CFR 261.2 Definition of solid waste. (a)(1) A solid waste is any discarded material that is not excluded under §261.4(a) or that is not excluded by a variance granted under §§260.30 and 260.31 or that is not excluded by a non-waste determination under §§260.30 and 260.34. (2)(i) A discarded material is any material which is: (A) Abandoned, as explained in paragraph (b) of this section; or (B) Recycled, as explained in paragraph (c) of this section; or (C) Considered inherently waste-like, as explained in paragraph (d) of this section; or (D) A military munition identified as a solid waste in §266.202. (ii) [Reserved] (b) Materials are solid waste if they are abandoned by being: (1) Disposed of; or (2) Burned or incinerated; or (3) Accumulated, stored, or treated (but not recycled) before or in lieu of being abandoned by being disposed of, burned or incinerated; or (4) Sham recycled, as explained in paragraph (g) of this section. (c) Materials are solid wastes if they are recycled—or accumulated, stored, or treated before recycling—as specified in paragraphs (c)(1) through (4) of this section. (1) Used in a manner constituting disposal. (i) Materials noted with a “*” in Column 1 of Table 1 are solid wastes when they are: (A) Applied to or placed on the land in a manner that constitutes disposal; or (B) Used to produce products that are applied to or placed on the land or are otherwise contained in products that are applied to or placed on the land (in which cases the product itself remains a solid waste)... Use 40 CFR Part 261 to determine whether your waste is hazardous waste 2
  13. 13. 2016-05-20 13 Use 40 CFR Part 261 to determine whether your waste is hazardous waste 2 40 CFR 261.2 Definition of solid waste. (a)(2)(i) A discarded material is any material which is abandoned, recycled, inherently waste-like, or a military munition. (b) Materials are solid waste if they are abandoned by being: (1) Disposed of; or (2) Burned or incinerated; or (3) Accumulated, stored, or treated before or in lieu of being abandoned; or (4) Sham recycled. Use 40 CFR Part 261 to determine whether your waste is hazardous waste 2 Based on an image from www.epa.gov/hw/criteria-definition-solid-waste-and-solid-and-hazardous-waste-exclusions The material is not subject to RCRA Subtitle C regulation Yes Yes Yes No No No Yes No 1. Is the material a solid waste? 2. Is the waste excluded from the definition of solid waste or hazardous waste? 3. Is the waste a listed or characteristic hazardous waste? 4. Is the waste delisted? The waste is subject to RCRA Subtitle C regulation The Hazardous Waste Identification Process ignitable corrosive reactive toxic F-list K-list P-list U-list
  14. 14. 2016-05-20 14 Generators are classified according to how much hazardous waste they generate 2 Conditionally exempt small quantity generator (CESQG) ≤100 kg of hazardous waste per month or ≤1 kg of acute hazardous waste per month Small quantity generator (SQG) >100 kg but <1000 kg of hazardous waste per month Large quantity generator (LQG) ≥1000 kg of hazardous waste per month or >1 kg of acute hazardous waste per month CESQGs are exempt from general hazardous waste regulations 2 Identify waste Accumulate ≤1000 kg Deliver to an authorized facility
  15. 15. 2016-05-20 15 SQGs and LQGs must meet requirements in 40 CFR Part 262 2 Use a manifest Accumulate ≤6000 kg Prepare waste for transport Manage waste in tanks or containers Permit if accumulating >180 days Notify EPA Preparedness and prevention Restrictions on land disposal Emergency coordinator Use a manifest Biennial report Prepare waste for transport Manage waste in tanks, containers, drip pads, or containment buildings Permit if accumulating >90 days Notify EPA Preparedness and prevention Restrictions on land disposal Contingency plan Emergency procedures SQG LQG Figuring out what requirements apply to you is challenging 2 www.ecfr.gov
  16. 16. 2016-05-20 16 Requirements for different generator types overlap in the regulations 2 By Julian Burgess, CC BY 2.0, www.flickr.com/photos/aubergene/827874414 Requirements for different generator types overlap in the regulations 2 By Julian Burgess, CC BY 2.0, https://www.flickr.com/photos/aubergene/827874414 40 CFR 262.44 Special requirements for generators of between 100 and 1000 kg/mo. A generator of greater than 100 kilograms but less than 1000 kilograms of hazardous waste in a calendar month is subject only to the following requirements in this subpart: (a) Section 262.40(a), (c), and (d), recordkeeping; (b) Section 262.42(b), exception reporting; and (c) Section 262.43, additional reporting.
  17. 17. 2016-05-20 17 Requirements for different generator types overlap in the regulations 2 By Julian Burgess, CC BY 2.0, https://www.flickr.com/photos/aubergene/827874414 Requirement Conditionally Exempt Small Quantity Generators Small Quantity Generators Large Quantity Generators Quantity Limits The amount of hazardous waste generated per month determines how a generator is categorized and what regulations must be complied with. ≤100 kg/month ≤1 kg/month of acute hazardous waste ≤100 kg/month of acute spill residue or soil §§261.5(a) and (e) >100 <1,000 kg/month §262.34(d) ≥1,000 kg/month >1 kg/month of acute hazardous waste >100 kg/month of acute spill residue or soil §262.34(a) On-Site Accumulation Quantity Determine amount of hazardous waste generators are allowed to "accumulate" on site without a permit. ≤1,000 kg ≤1 kg acute ≤100 kg of acute spill residue or soil §§261.5(f)(2) and (g)(2) ≤6,000 kg §262.34(d)(1) No limit Accumulation Time Limits Determine amount of time hazardous waste is allowed to accumulate on site. None ≤180 days or ≤270 days (if transporting greater than 200 miles) §§262.34(d)(2) and (3) ≤90 days §262.34(b) Accumulation Requirements Manage hazardous waste in compliance with certain technical standards. None Basic requirements with technical standards for tanks or containers §§262.34(d)(2) and (3) Full compliance for management of tanks, containers, drip pads, or containment buildings §262.34(a) Recordkeeping Maintain records of manifests, biennial reports, exception reports and waste testing Not required Required §262.40(a), (c), and (d) Required §262.40 Closure Close equipment, structures, soils and units by meeting specified performance standards and disposal and decontamination requirements Not required Required - tanks only §265.201(f) Required - General §§265.111(a) and 265.114 from §262.34(a)(1)(iv) - Unit specific Part 265, subparts I, J, W, and DD www.epa.gov/hwgenerators/hazardous-waste-generator-regulatory-summary Requirements are embedded in the regulations using cross-referencing 2 40 CFR 262.34 Accumulation time. (a) Except as provided in paragraphs (d), (e), and (f) of this section, a generator may accumulate hazardous waste on-site for 90 days or less without a permit or without having interim status, provided that: (1) The waste is placed: (i) In containers and the generator complies with the applicable requirements of subparts I, AA, BB, and CC of 40 CFR part 265;
  18. 18. 2016-05-20 18 Some terms are not clearly defined 2 By Tony Webster, CC BY 2.0, commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=39883913 Explanations are published in guidance documents, instead of in the regulations 2 www.epa.gov/hwgenerators/
  19. 19. 2016-05-20 19 The hazardous waste generator rules are being streamlined and improved 3 2015 The rules are being reorganized and clarified 3 www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/FR-2015-09-25/pdf/2015-23166.pdf
  20. 20. 2016-05-20 20 The general hazardous waste definitions are being revised and expanded 3 federalregister.gov/a/2015-23166 ... CESQG and accumulation requirements are being moved to 40 CFR 262.13 to 262.17 3 www.epa.gov/sites/production/files/2015-10/documents/generator_improvements_rule_presentation_web.pdf
  21. 21. 2016-05-20 21 There will be more guidance for hazardous waste determination and generator categories 3 www.regulations.gov/#!documentDetail;D=EPA-HQ-RCRA-2012-0121-0001 3 By Mitya Ilyinov, CC BY 2.0, commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=8812783 Hazardous waste generators will have more options for managing their waste
  22. 22. 2016-05-20 22 CESQGs will be able to consolidate wastes at LQG under control of same person 3 By Horia Varlan, CC BY 2.0, www.flickr.com/photos/horiavarlan/4266655755/in/photostream/ Generators can manage waste from an episodic event without affecting their category 3 commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=15580111
  23. 23. 2016-05-20 23 Generators can apply for a waiver to the 50-foot requirement 3 By Za, CC BY-SA 3.0, commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=356191 Gaps and ambiguities will be resolved 3 By Alexander Henning Drachmann, CC BY-SA 2.0, www.flickr.com/photos/drachmann/327122302/
  24. 24. 2016-05-20 24 Requirements for emergency preparedness and planning will change 3 By cbs_fan on Flickr, CC BY-SA 2.0, commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=2903712 Generators will need to document when a solid waste is found not to be hazardous waste 3 www.pexels.com/photo/
  25. 25. 2016-05-20 25 SQGs and LQGs must re-notify every two years 3 www.pexels.com/photo/ The biennial report requirements are being clarified 3 www.epa.gov/hwgenerators/
  26. 26. 2016-05-20 26 Requirements for satellite accumulation areas are changing 3 By Trevor MacInnis, CC BY-SA 2.5, commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=358103 Closure rules for LQGs are being strengthened 3 By Kqueirolomce, CC BY-SA 3.0, commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=33888139 30 days before 90 days after
  27. 27. 2016-05-20 27 3 By Megan Allen from United Kingdom - Atomium, CC BY 2.0, commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=41400485 This is a multi-year process For more information www.nimonik.com 1-888-608-7511 info@nimonik.com

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