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Content● Key stages of distance education● System of distance education● Practical experience of distance education● The future of distance education
What distance education is● A diverse form of education, e.g. E-mail, the Internet, post, television etc. http://www.distancelearningnet.com/what-is-distance-learning/● NOT classroom teaching – without immediate response, face expression, body language● Advantageous – students can study at home at times convenient for them
History● It started in 1873 by Ann Ticknor● The aim – to facilitate studies for women and people of all classes http://www.seniornet.org/edu/art/history.html● There were time of struggle and times of favour● Changing times, changing tools
Designing distance educational course● Three main models: classroom-orientated product-orientated system-orientated● Main components: analysis design implementation evaluation good project management
Communication technologies● Only some computer technologies are suitable for distance education● Select technology according to: - age of students, - size of the group, - content of the course, - difficulty of the software etc.http://tecfa.unige.ch/tecfa/publicat/peraya-papers/icrem/india07.html
Educational systems● Like a body - each part is important● Important parts of educational systems are: - strong and capable management - content of the course - program design - delivery of the study materials - learning environment http://digitalcommons.unl.edu/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=1046&context=aglecfacpub
Learners and learning● Special abilities needed by distance students● Needed abilities: - good organisation - discipline - good at setting goals and deadlines - study alone - computer abilities
Community developement● Importance of a study community: - improvement of learning - deeper understanding - aplication of the knowledge - deeper sense of comittment - reduction of teachers´ workload http://www.irrodl.org/index.php/irrodl/article/view/79/152
Moderating ● The tasks of a moderator: - opening discussions - setting rules of procedures - managing forums - prompting participants - assessing - summarising discussionswww.networkedlearningconference.org.uk/past/nlc2004/proceedings/individual_papers/thomas_et_al.htm
Teaching and teaching roles● An online teacher has different role to a classroom teacher.● Necessary to: - Create a friendly social environment - Make students comfortable with the system and the software which are used - Encourage participation of students - Be flexible - Avoid „authoritative attitude“http://www.achva.ac.il/sites/default/files/achvafiles/maof_book/8/2002_2.pdf
Assessment● Important for teachers and students● Shows what has been achieved Effective assessment should combine various kinds of assessment: - Self-assessment - Collaborative assessment - Teammate assessment - Grading rubricshttp://www.pgie.ufrgs.br/webfolioead/artigo1.html
Challenging changes● less government money for education● cheaper computer technology● increased financial considerations http://edcetera.rafter.com/the-future-of-distance-learning-why-77-of-universities-already-offer-online-courses/
Conclusion● Distance education has changed and is still changing● We need to choose the most suitable technology according each group of students and educational content● Certain qualities are needed for distance education students, e.g. discipline, planning, good organising etc.● Learners community helps to gain deeper understanding, better learning and practical application of gained knowledge● Distance education might be a very important way forward in the future