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The planet Mercury is very
difficult to study from the Earth
because of its proximity to the
Sun.
It is the second smalles...
Mercury, The Innermost Planet
• Mercury is one of the least explored
planets in the Solar System.
-Makes it hard to observ...
Mercury OrbitMercury Orbit
Earth
The Innermost Planet
•35,983,095 miles from
the Sun on the average.
•It revolves about th...
A closer look at MercuryA closer look at Mercury
Wren crater
Is barely visible at the
lower center of the image,
containin...
Mariner 10Mariner 10
Mariner 10 flew over
Mercury at an altitude
of 756 km on in March
1974. It took many
photographs of t...
Mercury StatisticsMercury Statistics
Diameter: 3,030 Miles
Distance from Sun: 35,983,095 miles
Revolution Period about
the...
Mercury, The Innermost Planet
• Atmosphere is
blown away by
the Solar Wind
of the Sun. This
is because of:
– Low gravity
o...
Mercury, The Innermost Planet
• The sodium and
oxygen particles
the blistering
solar wind kicks
up are the
primary
compone...
Information on MercuryInformation on Mercury
Mercury
A planet of extremes
• Mercury is a lump of rock,
barely larger than ...
Information on MercuryInformation on Mercury
• On the surface Mercury is
very similar to our Moon,
a battered world, scarr...
• Inside of Mercury is
more like the Earth. It
has a core made of
iron, and the centre
may be molten, kept
hot by radiatio...
3:2 Orbital Resonance
• Mercury is tidally locked to the
Sun
– Similar to the way the Moon
is tidally locked with the
Eart...
Artists rendition of MercuryArtists rendition of Mercury
• From Mercury, the Sun
appears two and a half
times larger than ...
MESSENGER,
launched Aug. 3,
2004, is only the
second U.S.
spacecraft sent
to the planet,
and it will be the
first to estab...
Caloris Basin
• Early in Mercury’s history, a huge
impact occurred on the surface
Caloris Basin
• Formed an
impact site
known as the
CALORIS
BASIN
Caloris Basin
CALORIS BASIN
It is a Large Basin
that almost split
planet in two.
Planet hit with
a 60 mile
wide iron
Meteo...
Roman GodRoman God
Mercury originated as the
Roman god of commerce
and was prayed to mainly by
merchants. His name comes
f...
Unit 38
Mercury
Copyright (c) The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Permission required for reproduction or display.
QUIZQUIZ
1. What is the Diameter of Mercury?
2. How long does Mercury take to go around the
Sun?
3. It is a lump of rock, ...
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Planet Mercury

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Planet Mercury

  1. 1. The planet Mercury is very difficult to study from the Earth because of its proximity to the Sun. It is the second smallest planet and also the fastest in its orbit since it is the innermost planet.
  2. 2. Mercury, The Innermost Planet • Mercury is one of the least explored planets in the Solar System. -Makes it hard to observe because it NEVER gets more than 28º from the Sun’s glare.
  3. 3. Mercury OrbitMercury Orbit Earth The Innermost Planet •35,983,095 miles from the Sun on the average. •It revolves about the Sun once every 88 days in an orbit that is the most elliptical of any planet except Pluto. Venus Mercury Sun
  4. 4. A closer look at MercuryA closer look at Mercury Wren crater Is barely visible at the lower center of the image, containing a number of craters within its 215 km diameter floor. Mariner 10 oblique view of Wren crater and surroundings on Mercury.
  5. 5. Mariner 10Mariner 10 Mariner 10 flew over Mercury at an altitude of 756 km on in March 1974. It took many photographs of the surface of Mercury. Its photographs cover nearly half (the other half is unexplored) the surface area of the planet Mercury.
  6. 6. Mercury StatisticsMercury Statistics Diameter: 3,030 Miles Distance from Sun: 35,983,095 miles Revolution Period about the Sun: 88 Days Rotation Period about Axis: 58.85 Earth Days Number of Moons: None
  7. 7. Mercury, The Innermost Planet • Atmosphere is blown away by the Solar Wind of the Sun. This is because of: – Low gravity of mercury. – And…
  8. 8. Mercury, The Innermost Planet • The sodium and oxygen particles the blistering solar wind kicks up are the primary components of Mercury's wispy atmosphere, or "exosphere,“
  9. 9. Information on MercuryInformation on Mercury Mercury A planet of extremes • Mercury is a lump of rock, barely larger than the Moon, living under the fierce heat of the burning Sun. • It experiences extremes in temperature from over 400°C at noon to less than -150°C at night.
  10. 10. Information on MercuryInformation on Mercury • On the surface Mercury is very similar to our Moon, a battered world, scarred by aeons of impacts by meteorites. • The surface is also wrinkled, with great ridges hundreds of kilometers long called scarps, which probably appeared when Mercury cooled and shrunk soon after it formed.
  11. 11. • Inside of Mercury is more like the Earth. It has a core made of iron, and the centre may be molten, kept hot by radiation deep within the core.
  12. 12. 3:2 Orbital Resonance • Mercury is tidally locked to the Sun – Similar to the way the Moon is tidally locked with the Earth – After one orbit around the Sun (88 days), the planet has rotated on its axis 1.5 times – It then takes two orbits for Mercury to rotate three times!
  13. 13. Artists rendition of MercuryArtists rendition of Mercury • From Mercury, the Sun appears two and a half times larger than it does on Earth. • The sky would appear black because there's little atmospheric scattering of light. • One would be able to see two bright "stars," possibly discernible as cream-colored Venus and blue-colored Earth.
  14. 14. MESSENGER, launched Aug. 3, 2004, is only the second U.S. spacecraft sent to the planet, and it will be the first to establish an orbit. Messenger will enter Mercury orbit on 30th September 2009, and complete its mission one year later.
  15. 15. Caloris Basin • Early in Mercury’s history, a huge impact occurred on the surface
  16. 16. Caloris Basin • Formed an impact site known as the CALORIS BASIN
  17. 17. Caloris Basin CALORIS BASIN It is a Large Basin that almost split planet in two. Planet hit with a 60 mile wide iron Meteor. Leaving the LARGEST CRATER IN THE Solar System
  18. 18. Roman GodRoman God Mercury originated as the Roman god of commerce and was prayed to mainly by merchants. His name comes from the Latin word "mercari" meaning to deal or trade. Later he came to be associated with the Greek God Hermes, adding responsibility for messages to his duties.
  19. 19. Unit 38 Mercury Copyright (c) The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Permission required for reproduction or display.
  20. 20. QUIZQUIZ 1. What is the Diameter of Mercury? 2. How long does Mercury take to go around the Sun? 3. It is a lump of rock, barely larger than the Moon, living under the fierce heat of the burning Sun. 4. How many satellite does the Mercury have? 5. In what year did the first spacecraft visit Mercury? 6. It is the spacecraft who took pictures on the Mercury's surface? 7. What is the Day time temperature in Mercury? 8. How far is Mercury from the Sun? 9. Mercury was named after the Roman God who originally was based on the Greek God _______________. 10. It is a Large Basin that almost split planet in two.

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