Industry Roundtable (Side event: 22nd MoP)- Session1: emerging opportunities


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Industry Roundtable (Side event: 22nd MoP)- Session1: emerging opportunities

  1. 1. Economic & Environmental Benefits Of Low-GWP Alternatives to HCFCs: Translating Technical Feasibility to Action Dr. Stephen O. Andersen Institute for Governance & Sustainable Development (IGSD) & Co-Chair TEAP
  2. 2. Many Substitutes Available and More on the Way • “The ultimate choice of technology to phase-out HCFCs will be based on ozone depletion and also climate impact, health, safety, affordability and availability, as Decision XIX/6 requires” May 2010 TEAP XXI/9 Task Force Report Assessment Of HCFCs and Environmentally Sound Alternatives • 2010 TEAP Progress Report – Substitutes for many sectors and sub-sectors available – Additional substitutes under development – Global acceptance for alternatives strengthening – Potential to skip higher-GWP HFC alternatives, go directly to lower GWP alternatives
  3. 3. Guiding HFC Phase-Down • Environmental Ministries (e.g. US EPA) – • Industry NGOs (e.g. Alliance for Responsible Atmospheric Policy; European Fluorocarbons Technical Committee) –; • Consumer Protection Agencies (e.g. US FTC) – • Environmental NGOs (see rosters: OEWGs/ MOPs) • TEAP & TOCs • UNEP DTIE & OzonAction
  4. 4. Superior Alternatives • HFCs are obsolete & targeted for phaseout – EC & California mobile AC GWP must be <150 – NGOs petitioned USEPA to ban HFC-134a in MACs – US Federal Trade Commission (FTC) will halt false claims that HFCs are “eco-friendly” – Cap & Trade will punish HFC with high prices – Environmental authorities will tax and prohibit HFCs – Consumers will boycott & stigmatize HFCs • Environmental Leadership Companies will motivate and welcome low-GWP options and then join the bandwagon to prohibit HFCs
  5. 5. New Thinking on Sustainable Refrigerant Choice • Select the Refrigerant With Superior LCCP • Manage Refrigerant Emissions to the Lowest Practical Life-Cycle Level • Offset ODP of HCFC Refrigerant to be “Chlorine Neutral” via ODS Destruction • Offset GWP of All Refrigerants to be “Carbon Neutral” via Carbon Markets • Design and Operate to Maximize LCCP • Allow Continued Use of ODSs & HFCs if Near Zero Emissions and Superior LCCP
  6. 6. New Thinking on Sustainable Insulation Choice • First Choice: Natural Insulation – Fiberglass, Mineral Wool, & Fibers • Second Choice: Low-GWP Foams – Natural Blowing Agents: CO2-, HC, etc. – Emerging Low-GWP HFO Insulating Foam • Imaginative Choices: – Redesign Products to Allow Thicker Insulation – Update Traditional Architecture – Integrate Building Design, Passive Solar, & Renewable Energy
  7. 7. Updated Thinking On HCFC Phaseout • Act First Where Technical Choice is Sustainable • Continue ODSs and High-GWP HFCs in Important Applications with Near-zero Emissions and Significant Climate Benefit • Reconsider Low-GWP ODS With Superior LCCP (e.g. HCFC-123 in Building Chillers) • Anticipate New Technology – Be First with New Technology from Reliable Sources – Be Fast in Transition to Sustainable Technology – Buy Foam Equipment Adaptable to New Chemistry – Seek Stewardship Agreements by Chemical Suppliers to Destroy at End-of-Useful-Product-Life
  8. 8. Thank You! Stephen O. Andersen Institute for Governance & Sustainable Development (IGSD) & Co-Chair TEAP
  9. 9. Backup Slides
  10. 10. Abrupt Climate Change From Committed Warming • Arctic Summer Sea Ice - Melting at 2+ times global average • Greenland Ice Sheet Collapse - 2+ x faster than global average • West Antarctic Ice Sheet • Himalaya-Tibetan glaciers - 3 times faster than global average • Global Typhoons and Hurricanes - Bringing floods and landslides NEXT
  11. 11. BACK
  12. 12. Antarctic Ice Bridge Collapse BACK2009
  13. 13. Greenland Ice Sheet BACK
  14. 14. Rivers Originating in Hindu-Kush-Himalaya-Tibetan Glaciers NEXT
  15. 15. Glaciers Retreat Snowpack Reservoir Diminished • Floods followed by drought • Billions affected • National security threat from water conflicts among 3 nuclear powers and a half dozen adjacent developing countries BACK