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Lesson 1 what is philosophy

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introduction to the philosophy of the human person

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Lesson 1 what is philosophy

  1. 1. WHAT IS PHILOSOPHY?
  2. 2. FROM WONDER TO WANDER
  3. 3. Wonder • To be filled with curiosity or doubt • An event inexplicable by the laws of nature; a miracle. • A feeling of puzzlement or doubt. Source: Thesaurus Dictionary
  4. 4. Wander: Verb • Walk or move in a leisurely, casual, or aimless way. • An act or instance of wandering. verb. roam - ramble - rove – stray noun. wandering - stroll - saunter - ramble Source: Thesaurus Dictionary
  5. 5. WONDER WANDER
  6. 6. Simple, Serious, Deep??? 1. Abused child kept chained in a basement for five years finally rescued 2. Man sentenced to five years for stealing milk for his baby 3. Lottery winner donates half of winnings to a local orphanage *** What questions about your life are you struggling to find answers to? ???
  7. 7. • Philosophers’ definition arises out of wonder, out of curiosity, out of desire to learn and to understand things. Pythagoras (570 BCE to 495 BCE) Epicurus (341 BCE to 270 BCE) Heraclitus (535 BCE to 475 BCE) Socrates (470 BCE to 399 BCE) Democritus (460 BCE to 370 BCE) Plato (427 BCE to 347 BCE) Diogenes of Sinope ( 412 BCE to 323 BCE) Aristotle (384 BCE to 322 BCE)
  8. 8. -derived for Greek words etimos and logos Etimos - root, origin, cause, basis, history Logos - study Episteme - means knowledge Knowledge - is only a million formation - simple data that comes from the outside that pass to our senses. Wisdom - is an awareness of something which is basic. - one intended product of philosophizing - refers to a person’s ability to apply knowledge to daily life particularly in making sound choices and judgment. Etymology A. Meaning of Philosophy
  9. 9. The term “philosophy” comes from the Greek words : • philos (philia )– love, desire for or interest in • sophos (learned scholar, sage) or • sophia - wisdom • Philia and Sofia join by Pythagoras -600 B.C.
  10. 10. Why is there a need to philosophize? • (Greek) Plato traced man’s need to philosophize to HIS SENSE OF WONDER – What? Where? Why? How? • (French) Rene Descartes traced man’s need to philosophize to DOUBT. • (Swiss-German) Karl Jaspers traced man’s need to philosophize because of EXPERIENCE also called LIMIT SITUATIONS • Socrates: The need to philosophize is driven by LOVE FOR WISDOM
  11. 11. How do we characterize the study of Philosophy? a. A way of analyzing frameworks a. Internal questions b. External questions b. An examination of a particular area of knowledge c. A distinct area of knowledge with its own goals, concerns and ways of doing things
  12. 12. What is the difference between Holistic and Partial thinking? • Holistic thinking refers to a perspective that considers large-scale patterns in system. It requires an individual to have an open mindset and an ability to get the general sense or impression regarding a situation. • Partial thinking focuses on specific aspects of a situation. It is an important component of analytical thinking. • Philosophy utilizes holistic thinking in making sense of problems and issues related to human experience.
  13. 13. How does one engage in reflection? • Reflection requires a person to be willing to examine one’s thoughts, feelings, and actions and learn more about one’s life and experiences. • Reflecting on situations, activities and decisions enables a person to gain insights that will help in effective decision-making.
  14. 14. Have you ever looked in the mirror and asked: The Unexamined Life is not worth living.” (Socrates) Who am I? Why am I here? What should I do with my life?
  15. 15. Have you ever looked in the mirror and asked: OR???
  16. 16. What is ‘Philosophy’? Philia =“love” sophia = “wisdom.” (Pythagoras.) Love for wisdom Knowledge + Action = Wisdom "The only true wisdom is in knowing you know nothing ." (Socrates)
  17. 17. Branches of Philosophy Philosophy Aesthetics Logic Epistemology Ethics Metaphysics
  18. 18. Branches of Philosophy Ethics Politics Religion Metaphysics Logic Epistemology Aesthetics Science
  19. 19. Aesthetics Sensori-Emotional Values Explores the nature of beauty, art, and taste with the creation and appreciation of beauty
  20. 20. Aesthetics Questions What is beauty? What is art? What is the value of beauty and art? Who should judge what is beautiful or artistic? Branch of philosophy which deals with beauty and what makes things beautiful
  21. 21. Logic Rules for Thinking The systematic principles (or rules) for thinking rationally. Inferences are made by construction of Arguments Rules of Logic determine which arguments are VALID and which are FALLACIES Branch of philosophy which deals with correct reasoning
  22. 22. Logic A philosophical study on the correct processes of thinking. The systematic study of argument The rule of inference Distinguishing valid from invalid argument Examination fallacies Using correct argument patterns
  23. 23. Epistemology Knowledge Science Explores the nature and limitations of knowledge Definition of knowledge Investigates how knowledge is obtained Explores the relationship between belief, truth and knowledge
  24. 24. Epistemology Questions: What is knowledge? How is knowledge acquired? How do we know what we know? Epistemology (from Greek ἐπιστήμη - episteme-, "knowledge, science" + λόγος, "logos") or theory of knowledge is the branch of philosophy concerned with the nature and scope (limitations) of knowledge
  25. 25. Ethics Questions: 1. How should we live? 2. Is right and wrong the same everywhere or different everywhere? Branch of philosophy which deals with moral questions and dilemmas
  26. 26. Metaphysics Knowledge Science Ontology Existence Objects Properties Space and Time Cause and Effect Branch of philosophy which deals with the fundamental nature of reality and being (existence)
  27. 27. For your reflection: 1. What are the practical uses of philosophy in our lives? 2. Reflect on your life so far. Can you say that you have lived a meaningful life, considering all your experiences and achievements? What do you consider as the “highlights” of your life? What things are you looking forward to in the future?
  28. 28. Enrichment: • Make a poster showing a holistic view of your life. Come up with creative visualization that will show your life in its totality and how various experiences contributed to give meaning to your life.

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