Never-ending letters   English word endings      Johanna Stirling         The Spelling Blog   thespellingblog.blogspot.com
There are some letters that are not usually found at the end of native           English words. 1      Any ideas which ones?
Test itTry to think of at least one word ending in each of  the letters of the alphabet. There are 5 letters  that are not...
Check it A   sea      H   fish    O go        V B   rob      I           P sleep     W few C   basic    J           Q     ...
So... Native English words almost never end with                 these letters:                         i j q u v(Exceptio...
At the end of a word,instead of i, we sometimes use y       silly        happy              replyBut we only use y at the ...
What letters can we use at the end of      a word instead of these:                      j?                      q?       ...
Because we don’t use j at the end of words, whichthree letters do we often write? Complete the words.   b_____            ...
At the end of a word, we can’t use j, so we           often use   - dge  bridge            judge         badgefridge      ...
Because we don’t use q at the end of words, which two or  three letters do we often write? Complete the words.            ...
At the end of a word, we can’t use q,  so we sometimes use –que         ...                  1/1  mosque          unique  ...
Not final q, but...   m____          m____      a_______    t____             b___    s____
Instead of q at the end of a word, we also sometimes use      – c (usually after i)    music           magic        academ...
At the end of a word, we don’tusually use u3, so which letter do we  often add? Complete the words.      b___             ...
To stop a word ending in u, we usually add an                   –e       blue                   argue                     ...
At the end of a word, we don’t use v,  so which letter do we often add?      l___              t_____      g___           ...
To stop a word ending in v, we usually add an                   –e          love              twelve           give       ...
How many of the words on the next slide can you remember?Write sentences. Include at least 2    of the words in each one. ...
Teachers - for lots more ideas see             my book:        Teaching Spelling  to English Language LearnersDetails, pre...
Footnotes1. Around the 17th century, English spelling became   more standardised. Several spelling rules were made.   Many...
Footnotes2. Teachers usually talk about final y changing to i   before adding letters to the end of the word. But it   hel...
Footnotes4. There is an e at the end of these words only to stop   the last letter being v. It doesn’t make the vowel   be...
Footnotes3. The only common exception I can find is the word   you.Back to Slide 14
Never-ending letters - teaching and learning the spelling of English word endings.
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Never-ending letters - teaching and learning the spelling of English word endings.

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There are some letters that we don't find at the end of native English words. Do you know what they are? Knowing these can help with English spelling. Use this PowerPoint yourself if you have problems with English spelling. Teachers, it's especially designed for you to use in class. If you'd prefer a version of this with a little useful animation (information appearing on a click rather than all at once - better for classroom teaching) please access it at: http://dl.dropbox.com/u/9063559/Word%20endings.ppsx .
Remember there are lots more spelling resources on The Spelling Blog thespellingblog.blogspot.com and in my book (see blog)

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Never-ending letters - teaching and learning the spelling of English word endings.

  1. 1. Never-ending letters English word endings Johanna Stirling The Spelling Blog thespellingblog.blogspot.com
  2. 2. There are some letters that are not usually found at the end of native English words. 1 Any ideas which ones?
  3. 3. Test itTry to think of at least one word ending in each of the letters of the alphabet. There are 5 letters that are not usually found at the end of words. Which ones?A sea H O VB I P WC J Q XD K R YE L S ZF M TG N U
  4. 4. Check it A sea H fish O go V B rob I P sleep W few C basic J Q X box D walked K duck R teacher Y say E make L ball S kiss Z buzz F of M jam T rest G leg N win U**Except you
  5. 5. So... Native English words almost never end with these letters: i j q u v(Exception words, like chilli, raj, Iraq, gnu and spiv have all come into the English language relatively recently from other languages, and their spelling wasn’t changed, or they are shortened forms like taxi – from taxicab)
  6. 6. At the end of a word,instead of i, we sometimes use y silly happy replyBut we only use y at the end of these words, not in silliness, happiest, replied 2
  7. 7. What letters can we use at the end of a word instead of these: j? q? u? v? (Think of words that end in these sounds)
  8. 8. Because we don’t use j at the end of words, whichthree letters do we often write? Complete the words. b_____ j____ b____ f_____ h____ k________
  9. 9. At the end of a word, we can’t use j, so we often use - dge bridge judge badgefridge hedge knowledge
  10. 10. Because we don’t use q at the end of words, which two or three letters do we often write? Complete the words. 1/1 m_____ u_____ a______ d___ k___ S____
  11. 11. At the end of a word, we can’t use q, so we sometimes use –que ... 1/1 mosque unique antique ... or -ck after a single vowel duck kick snack
  12. 12. Not final q, but... m____ m____ a_______ t____ b___ s____
  13. 13. Instead of q at the end of a word, we also sometimes use – c (usually after i) music magic academic or –k after a consonant or two vowels think book steak
  14. 14. At the end of a word, we don’tusually use u3, so which letter do we often add? Complete the words. b___ a____ T/F a_____ t___
  15. 15. To stop a word ending in u, we usually add an –e blue argue T/F avenue true
  16. 16. At the end of a word, we don’t use v, so which letter do we often add? l___ t_____ g___ s_____
  17. 17. To stop a word ending in v, we usually add an –e love twelve give sleeve 4
  18. 18. How many of the words on the next slide can you remember?Write sentences. Include at least 2 of the words in each one. orWrite a story. Use as many of the words as possible in your story.
  19. 19. Teachers - for lots more ideas see my book: Teaching Spelling to English Language LearnersDetails, preview and purchasing at The Spelling Blog thespellingblog.blogspot.com
  20. 20. Footnotes1. Around the 17th century, English spelling became more standardised. Several spelling rules were made. Many words that entered English after that kept their spelling from their original language, such as bureau from French. These are not native English words.Back to Slide 2
  21. 21. Footnotes2. Teachers usually talk about final y changing to i before adding letters to the end of the word. But it helps to see it the other way round: i changes to y if it’s at the end of a word.Back to Slide 6
  22. 22. Footnotes4. There is an e at the end of these words only to stop the last letter being v. It doesn’t make the vowel before the v change its sound. Here it is not a so- called ‘magic e’. Some words, like five, do already have a magic e, so another e is not needed.Back to Slide 17
  23. 23. Footnotes3. The only common exception I can find is the word you.Back to Slide 14

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