DEPRIVATION OF FOOD~ INDIACitizenship Badge - Stage 2
Shortage of food or hunger is also known as famine. Famine is a widespreadscarcity of food, caused by several factors including crop failure, populationunbalance, or government policies. This phenomenon is usually accompanied orfollowed by regional malnutrition, starvation, epidemic, and increased mortality.Nearly every continent in the world has experienced a period of faminethroughout history.Introduction to Hunger
Causes of Famine in India-PopulationIncrease in population is a reason that India has a shortage of food. India is the secondpopulated state with more than billion living in it. It is projected that the population willincrease to 1.3 billion in 2020. To feed the large population we require millions of tonsof food grain. It is estimated that India would require 343.0 million metric tons of foodgrains in 2020 to feed the whole population. The prices of important commodities arerising. Two-digit inflation rate has affected agriculture. Prices of commodities such asfertilizers and others used in agriculture have considerably gone up. So income fromagriculture has been reduced and farmers are forced to leave agriculture.
Causes of Famine in India-PopulationThis in turn causes less rice to be produced in order to meet the demands of theestimated food needed for India. To increase food production, area under agricultureshould be increased. But rather than increasing, agricultural land is now beingconverted into industrial land. The recent example is of Singur, where thousand acre ofagricultural land is converted into a car factory. Urbanization is another problem.Agricultural lands are now being converted into housing plots and are converted intocities and towns. This has increased the pressure on agriculture, causing lesser foodproduction which results in hunger .
Causes of Famine in India-Monsoons and DroughtsDrought is a major concern for India as it occurs almost every two-three years andaffects the development of the nation. It occurs due to a late arrival, early withdrawalor failure of monsoon. Since India is a largely agricultural country, the monsoon couldmean a blessing or a disaster for the people of India. The country is adversely affectedby the paucity of showers almost every alternative year, plunging the vast number ofagriculturists into survival crisis and slowing down or completely halting the growth ofother sectors. Drought years, resulting in food shortage and famine, not only point atthe human cost but, in some years, a political and economic cost as well.
Causes of Famine in India-Monsoons and Droughts (Example)Some of India’s worst droughts include:Great Famine: It is also known as the Madras famine, and is caused by the drought of1876-1878. The famine has affected many regions of southern India, and has affectedup to 58,500,000 people. Over five million people perished due to the famine. Thisdrought was compounded by measures taken by the British to cut wages for reliefworkers. This resulted in spending less than it did a year earlier during the Bihar famine
Efforts To Aid IndiaAdventist Development and Relief AgencyADRA is bringing aid to Assam State, India, wherenearly 1 million people have been affected by flooding.Heavy monsoon rains put 360,000 people out of theirhomes and destroyed crops and farmland . ADRA is helping 25,000 people recover bydistributing mosquito nets, securing clean water sources, delivering hygiene kits, andthrough cash-for-work programs.
Efforts To Aid IndiaACF InternationalOur Impact:Action Against Hunger provides lifesaving assistance andrestores self-sufficiency to millions of people in over 40countries. 550,000 small farmers provided with tools afterdrought and displacement in 2012. 42,000 severelymalnourished children treated in D.R. Congo in 2012.170,000 people gained access to clean water in Kenya in 2012.
Causes of Famine in Indiahttp://www.indiastudychannel.com/resources/45012-Food-Crisis-India-causes-its-effect.aspxhttp://www.adra.org/world-food-shortage.htmhttp://zeenews.india.com/FoodCrisis09/story.aspx?aid=563994http://www.google.comhttp://www.nbcnews.com/id/33224082/ns/weather/t/food-shortages-hit-millions-flood-hit-india/#.UbZPc_k3vPohttp://articles.timesofindia.indiatimes.com/2012-12-21/mumbai/35952746_1_food-distribution-food-security-food-insecurityhttp://www.actionagainsthunger.org/