Cell Structures, Functions and
Transport
Section 7-2
Figure 7-5 Plant and Animal Cells
Go to
Section:
Animal Cell
Nucleus
Nucleolu
s
Cell Membrane
Cytoplasm
Eukaryotic Cell Organelles and
Function
1. Nucleus
 Nickname: “The Control Center”
 Function: holds the DNA
 Parts:
1. ...
Section 7-2
Figure 7-5 Plant and Animal Cells
Go to
Section:
Animal Cell
Nucleus
Nucleolus Ribosomes
Cell Membrane
Cytopla...
Eukaryotic Cell Organelles and
Function
2. Ribosomes
 Function: makes proteins
 Found in all cells, prokaryotic and
euka...
Eukaryotic Cell Organelles and
Function
3. Endoplasmic Reticulum (ER)
 Nickname: “Roads”
 Function: The internal deliver...
Section 7-2
Figure 7-5 Plant and Animal Cells
Go to
Section:
Animal Cell
Nucleus
Nucleolus
Rough
Endoplasmic
Reticulum
Smo...
Endoplasmic Reticulum
 2 Types:
1. Rough ER:
 Rough appearance because it has
ribosomes
 Function: helps make proteins,...
Section 7-2
Figure 7-5 Plant and Animal Cells
Go to
Section:
Animal Cell
Nucleus
Nucleolus
Rough Endoplasmic
Reticulum
Smo...
Eukaryotic Cell Organelles and
Function
4. Golgi Complex
 Nickname: The shippers
 Function: packages, modifies, and
tran...
Section 7-2
Figure 7-5 Plant and Animal Cells
Go to
Section:
Animal Cell
Nucleus
Nucleolus
Rough Endoplasmic
Reticulum
Smo...
Eukaryotic Cell Organelles and
Function
5. Lysosomes: circular, but bigger than
ribosomes)
 Nickname: “Clean-up Crews”
 ...
Section 7-2
Figure 7-5 Plant and Animal Cells
Animal Cell
Nucleus
Nucleolus
Rough Endoplasmic
Reticulum
Smooth Endoplasmic...
Eukaryotic Cell Organelles and
Function
6. Mitochondria
 Nickname: “The Powerhouse”
 Function: Energy formation

Breaks...
Animal Cell
Nucleus
Nucleolus
Rough Endoplasmic
Reticulum
Smooth Endoplasmic
Reticulum
Ribosomes
Golgi Bodies
Mitochondria...
 Now let’s talk about structures only
found in PLANT Cells!!
Section 7-2
Figure 7-5 Plant and Animal Cells
Go to
Section:
Plant Cell
Cell Membrane
Vacuol
e
Eukaryotic Cell Organelles and
Function
7. Vacuoles
 Function: stores water

This is what makes lettuce crisp
 When the...
Section 7-2
Figure 7-5 Plant and Animal Cells
Go to
Section:
Plant Cell
Cell Membrane
Vacuole
Chloroplasts
Eukaryotic Cell Organelles and
Function
8. Chloroplasts
 Function: traps energy from the sun to
produce food for the plan...
Chloroplasts
Section 7-2
Figure 7-5 Plant and Animal Cells
Go to
Section:
Plant Cell
Cell Membrane
Vacuole
Chloroplasts
Cell
Wall
Eukaryotic Cell Organelles and
Function
9. Cell Wall
 Function: provides support and
protection to the cell membrane
 Fo...
Plant Cell
Cell Membrane
Vacuole
Chloroplasts
Cell Wall
Nucleolus
Nucleus
Rough ER
Smooth ER
Golgi Bodies
Mitochondria
Rib...
Comparing Plant and Animal Cells
Plant Animal
Cell structures and functions
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in …5
×

Cell structures and functions

7,898 views

Published on

Published in: Technology
0 Comments
2 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

No Downloads
Views
Total views
7,898
On SlideShare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
389
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
244
Comments
0
Likes
2
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

Cell structures and functions

  1. 1. Cell Structures, Functions and Transport
  2. 2. Section 7-2 Figure 7-5 Plant and Animal Cells Go to Section: Animal Cell Nucleus Nucleolu s Cell Membrane Cytoplasm
  3. 3. Eukaryotic Cell Organelles and Function 1. Nucleus  Nickname: “The Control Center”  Function: holds the DNA  Parts: 1. Nucleolus: dark spot in the middle of the nucleus that helps make ribosomes
  4. 4. Section 7-2 Figure 7-5 Plant and Animal Cells Go to Section: Animal Cell Nucleus Nucleolus Ribosomes Cell Membrane Cytoplasm
  5. 5. Eukaryotic Cell Organelles and Function 2. Ribosomes  Function: makes proteins  Found in all cells, prokaryotic and eukaryotic
  6. 6. Eukaryotic Cell Organelles and Function 3. Endoplasmic Reticulum (ER)  Nickname: “Roads”  Function: The internal delivery system of the cell
  7. 7. Section 7-2 Figure 7-5 Plant and Animal Cells Go to Section: Animal Cell Nucleus Nucleolus Rough Endoplasmic Reticulum Smooth Endoplasmic Reticulum Cell Membrane Cytoplasm Ribosomes
  8. 8. Endoplasmic Reticulum  2 Types: 1. Rough ER:  Rough appearance because it has ribosomes  Function: helps make proteins, that’s why it has ribosomes 2. Smooth ER:  NO ribosomes  Function: makes fats or lipids
  9. 9. Section 7-2 Figure 7-5 Plant and Animal Cells Go to Section: Animal Cell Nucleus Nucleolus Rough Endoplasmic Reticulum Smooth Endoplasmic Reticulum Ribosomes Golgi Complex Cell Membrane Cytoplasm
  10. 10. Eukaryotic Cell Organelles and Function 4. Golgi Complex  Nickname: The shippers  Function: packages, modifies, and transports materials to different location inside/outside of the cell  Appearance: stack of pancakes
  11. 11. Section 7-2 Figure 7-5 Plant and Animal Cells Go to Section: Animal Cell Nucleus Nucleolus Rough Endoplasmic Reticulum Smooth Endoplasmic Reticulum Ribosomes Golgi Bodies Cell Membrane Cytoplasm
  12. 12. Eukaryotic Cell Organelles and Function 5. Lysosomes: circular, but bigger than ribosomes)  Nickname: “Clean-up Crews”  Function: to break down food into particles the rest of the cell can use and to destroy old cells
  13. 13. Section 7-2 Figure 7-5 Plant and Animal Cells Animal Cell Nucleus Nucleolus Rough Endoplasmic Reticulum Smooth Endoplasmic Reticulum Ribosomes Golgi Bodies Mitochondria Cell Membrane Cytoplasm
  14. 14. Eukaryotic Cell Organelles and Function 6. Mitochondria  Nickname: “The Powerhouse”  Function: Energy formation  Breaks down food to make ATP  ATP: is the major fuel for all cell activities that require energy
  15. 15. Animal Cell Nucleus Nucleolus Rough Endoplasmic Reticulum Smooth Endoplasmic Reticulum Ribosomes Golgi Bodies Mitochondria Cell Membrane Cytoplasm
  16. 16.  Now let’s talk about structures only found in PLANT Cells!!
  17. 17. Section 7-2 Figure 7-5 Plant and Animal Cells Go to Section: Plant Cell Cell Membrane Vacuol e
  18. 18. Eukaryotic Cell Organelles and Function 7. Vacuoles  Function: stores water  This is what makes lettuce crisp  When there is no water, the plant wilts
  19. 19. Section 7-2 Figure 7-5 Plant and Animal Cells Go to Section: Plant Cell Cell Membrane Vacuole Chloroplasts
  20. 20. Eukaryotic Cell Organelles and Function 8. Chloroplasts  Function: traps energy from the sun to produce food for the plant cell  Green in color because of chlorophyll, which is a green pigment
  21. 21. Chloroplasts
  22. 22. Section 7-2 Figure 7-5 Plant and Animal Cells Go to Section: Plant Cell Cell Membrane Vacuole Chloroplasts Cell Wall
  23. 23. Eukaryotic Cell Organelles and Function 9. Cell Wall  Function: provides support and protection to the cell membrane  Found outside the cell membrane in plant cells
  24. 24. Plant Cell Cell Membrane Vacuole Chloroplasts Cell Wall Nucleolus Nucleus Rough ER Smooth ER Golgi Bodies Mitochondria Ribosomes Cytoplasm
  25. 25. Comparing Plant and Animal Cells Plant Animal

×