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Workshop 7tos 2015 recuperaciones 2015

Taller educativo grado 7mos

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Workshop 7tos 2015 recuperaciones 2015

  1. 1. SustantivosRegulares e Irregulares 1. El plural regular Todos los sustantivos en inglès para pluralizarlos se les agrega una “s” añadida a la forma de singular de un sustantivo: house – houses dog – dogs. Los sustantivos que terminan en y después de una consonante y -- ies:  party – parties  baby – babies  Importante: los sustantivos que acaban en vocal + y no sufren ningún cambio:  day – days  boy- boys  Los sustantivos que acaban en – sh, -ch, -s, -x o -z añaden la terminación “-es”:  church- churches;  brush – brushes;  box – boxes; buzz-buzzes Los sustantivos que acaban en – o tienen una forma de plural regular, con la marca “s”: photo – photos, piano- pianos. Importante: algunos sustantivos acabados en -o añaden la terminación “- es”: potato – potatoes; tomato – tomatoes; hero – heroes. 2. El plural irregular Algunos sustantivos acabados en –f (e) convierten la -f en una -v y añaden la marca “-es”:  half – halves;  knife – knives;  leaf – leaves;  life – lives;  shelf – shelves;  thief – thieves;  wife – wives;  wolf – wolves. Los sustantivos irregulares  child – children  foot – feet;  goose – geese;  man – men;  mouse – mice;  ox – oxen;  person – people;  tooth – teeth;  woman – women, et ella tiene una fiesta she has a party ella tiene unas fiestas she has some parties yo tengo una hoja l have a leaf yo tengo unas hojas l have some leaves
  2. 2. USO DELADJETIVO 1. Los adjetivos en inglés son la cualidad del nombre 2. Van antes del sustantivo 3. y no varían ni en genero ni en número English Spanish English Spanish English Spanish cold frió difficult difícil pretty guapa hot caliente easy fácil ugly feo big grande rich rico good bueno small pequeño poor pobre bad malo long largo cheap barato dangerous peligroso short corto expensive caro safe seguro angry enfadado beautiful bello clean limpio tidy ordenado boring aburrido dirty sucio untidy desordenado kind amable narrow estrecho exciting emocionante famous famoso wide ancho slow lento old viejo quiet silencioso fast rápido young joven noisy ruidoso fat gordo silly tonto full lleno thin delgado clever listo empty vacío 1. I have a big book --------------------- Tengo un libro grande 2. They have two blue cars . ----------------- ellos tienen dos carros azules 3. The small car is in the garage ------------ el carro pequeño esta en el garage 4. I have a nice laptop ----------------------- yo tengo un portatil bonito 5. She is a beautiful gilr ---------------------- ella es una chica Hermosa 6. They have an expensive house ------------ ellos tienen una casa costosa 7. We have some interesting toys------- nosotros tenemos unos juguetes interesantes 8. She has long hair ---------------------- elle tiene cabello largo 9. He is a young man--------------------- eles un hombre joven 10. You have nice eyes ------------------ tutienes ojos bonitos
  3. 3. Verbo to be en presente 1-I am _____ yo soy 2-You are ____ tù eres 3-He is____ èl es 4-She is_____ Ella es 5-we are_____ nosotros somos 6-they are______ ellos son Contracciones del verbo to be. 1- I´m __ yo soy 2- You ´re__ tú eres 3- He´s __ él es 4- She´s __ ella es 5- We ´re ___ nosotros somos 6- they ´re__ ellos son 1 I´m not __Yo no soy 2 you´re not, you aren´t _tù no eres 3 He´s not, __ He isn´t ___èl no es 4 she´s not, ___she isn´t ___ Ella no es 5 we´re not, we aren´t_ no somos 6 they´re not, _ they aren´t_ ellos son 1- I am not___yo no soy 2- You are not __tù no ere 3- He is not__èl no es 4- She is not___ella no es 5- we are not__ nosotros no somos 6- they are not_ ellos son Verb to be in the present simple tense 1. This is you friend.---------------------Este es mi amigo 2. This is not your friend.---------- Este no es tu amigo 3. Is this your friend?-------------- Es Este tù amigo 4. They are tourists.---------------------Ellos son turistas 5. They are not tourists.----------- Ellos no son turistas 6. Are they tourists? ------------- --Son ellos turistas? 7. Paula and Delany are friends.--- Paula and Delany son amigos 8. Paula and Delany are not friends. -- Paula y Delany son amigas? 9. Are Paula and Delany friends? ---- Son Paula y Delany amigas? 1. Complete the sentences with am, is, or are. 1. I __________ a student. 2. My parents ___________ great people. 3. My sister____________ verypretty. 4. Her cousins ___________ musicians. 5. His uncle ____________ at the movies. 6. My sisterandI ___________ bestfriends. 7. Kara ___________ Kelly'ssister-in-law. 8. My cat ___________ lazy. 9. Our aunt ____________ a Frenchteacher. 10. You ___________ reallytall!
  4. 4. Verb to be – ser Affirmative Negative Interrogative I am -- yo soy I am not – yo no soy Am I? soy yo? You are - tu eres You are not – tu noeres Are you?Eres tu? He is - él es He isnot él no es Is he?Es él ? She is not She is Is she? It is It isnot Is it? We are We are not Are we? You are You are not Are you? Theyare Theyare not Are they Fill in the blanks with the right subject / personal pronouns (I, you, he, she, it, we, and they) 1. AngelinaJolie isAmerican._______ isn'tFrench. 2. Brad Pittis American,too.________ isn'tGerman. 3. Brad and Angelinaaren'tFrench.______ are American. 4. My friendandIare highschool students.________ aren't primaryschool students. 5. The Statue of LibertyisinNew York._________ isn'tinWashington. Fill inthe blanks withthe right form of to be (am, are or is): 1. _______you the new student? 2. Yes,I _____ 3. Yessica and Angie ________ students. 4. Camila_________ Australian. 5. My sisterandI________ students. 6. The girls________ tired. 7. These women__________ beautiful. 8. The tea _________ delicious. 9. Nadiaand Leila__________ friends. 10. The newspaper__________ cheap
  5. 5. Hacer la negación del verbo to be es muy simple, solo tenemos que añadir después del verbo la partícula ”not”, como se muestra a continuación: I am not -> Yo no soy/estoy You are not -> Tú no eres/estás He is not -> Él no es/está She is not -> Ella no es/está It is not -> Ello no es/está We are not -> Nosotros (-as) no somos/estamos You are not -> Vosotros(-as) no sois/estáis They are not -> Ellos(-as) no son/están Forma contraída del presente simple del verbo to be en negativo: Podemos realizar dos contracciones: 1. El sujeto con el verbo, como vimos en la lección anterior 2. El verbo con la partícula de negación not. Veamos en una tabla estas formas: Forma no contraída Forma contraída uniendo el verbo y not Forma contraída uniendo pronombre y verbo I am not ----- yo no soy you are not – tú no eres he is not – él no es she is not – ella no es it is not --- eso no es we are not – nosotros no somos you are not – ustedes no son they are not – ellos no son you aren’t – tu no eres he isn’t --- él no es she isn’t – ella no es it isn’t --- eso no es we aren’t – nosotros no somos you aren’t --- ustedes no son they aren’t – ellos no son I’m not – yo no soy you’re not – tu no eres he’s not---- él no es she’s not--- elle no es it’s not – eso no es we’re not – nosotros no somos you’re not --- ustedes no son they’re not --- ellos no son
  6. 6. Frases en presente simple negativo del verbo to be: El siguiente vídeo contiene las frases de ejemplo del verbo to be en forma negativa, con su pronunciación en inglés americano y británico: I’m not Peter Yo no soy Pedro I’m not in Sweden Yo no estoy en Suecia You’re not ugly Tú no eres feo You’re not in Paris Tú no estás en París He’s not in the street Él no está en la calle She’s not beautiful Ella no es hermosa It isn’t wonderful No es una maravilla We aren’t happy Nosotros no somos felices Verbo to have en Presente Simple Conjugación Significado I have yo tengo you have tú tienes he has él tiene she has ella tiene it has ello tiene we have nosotros tenemos you have vosotros tenéis they have ellos tienen Afirmativos Interrogative Negativo I have – yo tengo Do I have? --- tengo yo? I don’t have —yo no tengo You have – tù tienes Do You have? – Tienestù? You don’t have---tù no tengo He has—èltiene Does He has ? tienes èl ? He does not have- èlno tiene She has --- ella tiene Does She has ? - tienesella? She does not have_ Ella no tiene It has --- eso tiene Does It has ?-- tiene eso? It does not have – eso no tiene We have - nosotros tenemos Do We have?tenemos nosotros? We do not have - no tenemos You have--ustedes tienten Do You have?--ustedestienten? You do not have—ustedes no tienen They have ---ellos (as) tienen Do They have?- ellos(as) tienen? They do not have—ellos (as) no tienen
  7. 7. Escriba la forma correcta del verbo que esta al final de la oración 1. The boy __________ an ice-cream.(have) 2. The girl __________ a cake. To (have) 3. The men _________ a football match on Saturday afternoon.(to have) 4. The woman _______ a cup of tea. (To have) 5. The girl __________ a new dress for the party. (To have) 6. They ____________ a holiday in Augustto (have) 7. I__________________ a blue car. (to have) 8. You_______________ a big house. (to have) 9. We _______________ a marvelous garden. (to have) 10. She_______________ blond hair. (to have) Special verbs in the Simple Present Be as a full verb—SER AFFIRMATIVE SENTENCE NEGATIVE SENTENCE QUESTION I am from Britain. I am not from Britain. Am I from Britain? He is from Britain. He is not from Britain. Is he from Britain? We are from Britain. We are not from Britain. Are we from Britain? Adjetives demostrativos That – ese – esa- eso This - este – esta Those – esos – esas These – estos estas That is -- este es This is – esta es Those are – esas son These are – estas son This flower is beautiful. Esta flor es hermosa. This car is dirty. Este automóvil está sucio. That house is expensive. Aquella casa es costosa. That dog is bad. Aquel perro es malo. These apples are cheap. Estas manzanas son baratas. These pencils are in the box. Estos lápices están en la caja. Those stars are in the sky. Aquellas estrellas están en el cielo. Those boys are my friends. Aquellos niños son mis amigos. 1. ____is my wife. 2. ______are my kids. 3. ______radio doesn't work. 4. Is ________your notebook? 5. _____coat is very nice. 6. She doesn't have _____books. 7. Have you bought ______car? 8. _____pencils are yours. 9. _____are my books. 10. _______children go to school.
  8. 8. Simple Present He 1. Si termina Y despuésde consonante se le cambia por –ies She 2. si termina en o-x-z-ch-ss- sh- se le agrega es He 3. si no cumple la regla1 y 2 se le agrega stermine en loque termine 1. If the verb endsin y before a consonant change to i and add -es:  study– studies  copy – copies 2. If the verb ends in -ss,-sh, -ch,-x or -o, add -es to the base form:  kiss- kisses  finish- finishes  watch - watches  mix- mixes  go – goes 3. Whenthe verbs doesn’thave the rules 1 and 2 only give one s  play - pays  Speak – speaks He does She It doesn’t I You do We don’t They 1. He speaks Spanish 2. He doesn't speak Spanish. 3. Does he speak English? Affirmative Negative Interrogative I play very good I don’t play very good Do I play very good? you play very good You do not play very good Do you play very good? He plays very good He does not play very good Does He play very good? She plays very good She doesn’tplay very good Does She play very good? Itplays very good Itdoes not play very good Does Itplay very good? We play very good We don’t play very good Do We play very good? You play very good You don’t play very good Do You play very good? They play very good They don’tplay very good Do They play very good?
  9. 9. INSTITUCIÓN EDUCATIVA FÉ Y ALEGRÍA JÓSE MARÍA VÉLAZ “FORMANDO HOMBRES NUEVOS PARA UNA SOCIEDAD NUEVA” Workshop Recuperación 2015 Introducing Yourself Hello! My name is Ana. I am twenty-five years old. I live in Miami, Florida with my husband and two children. I have one son in kindergarten and one daughter in first grade. They both attend public school. My husband is a mechanic. On weekends, he works at a restaurant as a dishwasher. The restaurant usually gets more customers on weekends, so they need extra people to wash dishes. Q1: Who is introducing herself? Ans: _________________________________________________ Q2: How old is she? Ans: ___________________________________________________________ Q3: Where does Ana live? Ans ______________________________________________________ Q4: What is her husband’s profession? Ans: ____________________________________________ Q5: Where does he work on weekends? Ans: ___________________________________________ Q6: How many children does Ana have? Ans: ___________________________________________ Family My name is Sangeeta. I am 11. I live in New Delhi, India with my father, mother, two brothers and three sisters. My grandparents also live with us. In India, family is very important. It is common to have grandparents, aunts, uncles and/or cousins living in the same house. My aunts, uncles and cousins also live nearby. We see each other often. My older brother is a computer programmer. Right now, he is in Australia. His company sent him there for one year. We all miss him a lot. We write him letters every week. I want him to come home soon. Q1: How old is Sangeeta? Asn: _______________________________________________________ Q2: Which country does she live in? ___________________________________________________ Q3: Does she live with her parents? Ans: _______________________________________________
  10. 10. INSTITUCIÓN EDUCATIVA FÉ Y ALEGRÍA JÓSE MARÍA VÉLAZ “FORMANDO HOMBRES NUEVOS PARA UNA SOCIEDAD NUEVA” Workshop Recuperación 2015 Q4: Who else lives with her? Ans: _____________________________________________________ Q4: What does her older brother do? Ans: _____________________________________________ Q5: Where is he right now? Ans: _____________________________________________________ Q6: Does the family miss him? How do you know?_________________________________________________________ A New Home Francisco stands outside his new house. He reaches into his pocket and pulls out the key. He turns the key in the lock and opens the door. He steps into the living room and looks around. The paint is peeling off the walls. There is no furniture. The house is dirty and smells bad. He tries to open a window but it is broken. The house does not have a kitchen or a bedroom but there is a microwave on the floor on one side of the room. He wonders if it works. The place looks terrible but it is all he can afford. He covers his nose and mouth with his hand and opens the bathroom door. It is in bad condition. Q1: Is Francisco's new house clean? ___________________________________________________ Q2: Is the house in good condition? ___________________________________________________ Q3: How many bedrooms does the house have? ________________________________________ Q4: Does the house need to be repainted? _____________________________________________ Q5: Why did Francisco buy a house that is in such bad condition? _________________________________________________________________

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