Ccde Mt Calvary Assessment Presentation


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Photovoice is a participatory research methodology that allows community members to document issues and concerns on a critically-conscious grass-root level. The following reseach depicts the photos AND the voice of the residents of Wichita Falls, Eastside community after the devastating 2007 summer flood.

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Ccde Mt Calvary Assessment Presentation

  1. 1. A Case Study of Community Organization: A Needs Assessment of the Eastside Community of Wichita Falls, TX
  2. 2. Presentation Goal: <ul><li>To discuss collaboration efforts between Texas Woman’s University (TWU) and Center for Community Development and Empowerment (CCDE), a faith-based organization, in prioritizing health needs that affect the Eastside community in Wichita Falls, TX. </li></ul>
  3. 3. Who is CCDE? <ul><li>C enter for C ommunity D evelopment and E mpowerment, Inc. </li></ul><ul><li>Began working together in year 2000 at Shalom Zone Ministries. Legally formed in July 2007. </li></ul><ul><li>Goals of developing a vibrant, living community through: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Community empowerment </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Spiritual leadership </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Business and residential development; and </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Social interaction </li></ul></ul>
  4. 4. Assessment Methodology: Assessing Needs & Assets Census & Epidemiology Data Focus Group Meetings & Surveys PhotoVoice Images
  5. 5. Assessment Objectives: <ul><li>Identify barriers to healthy living </li></ul><ul><li>Map Eastside community resources </li></ul><ul><li>Provide insight for future community intervention programs </li></ul>
  6. 6. Population of Eastside Community, 2000
  7. 7. Diversity of Eastside Community, 2000
  8. 8. Housing & Household Characteristics of Eastside Community, 2000
  9. 9. Economic & Educational Levels, Wichita Falls, TX, 2006 <ul><li>Median Income </li></ul><ul><ul><li>$33,788 </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Poverty Levels </li></ul><ul><ul><li>43% female households without husbands </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>21% children </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>14% people over 65 years old </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Educational Levels </li></ul><ul><ul><li>82% high school diplomas </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>24% bachelor’s degree or higher </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>19% dropouts </li></ul></ul>
  10. 10. Epidemiology Data, Wichita County, 2003 856.8 973.2 1,260 TOTAL DEATHS 12.2 - 32 Infant & fetal deaths 11.0 - 16 Suicide 6.7 - 12 Homicide 40.1 41.9 54 Unintentional injury 31.5 43.1 55 Diabetes 43.4 67.1 87 Respiratory disease 185.1 206.3 264 Cancer 317.7 353 460 Cardiovascular State Rate Per 100,000 County Rate per 100,000 Deaths (Morbidity) All Causes
  11. 11. Photovoice Images (Needs)
  12. 12. PhotoVoice Exhibit: Community Needs <ul><li>“ “ The man who owns this place didn’t sell food or gas. What he did sell was products to make meth. He had cases upon cases of Sudofed and other things to make crystal meth.” [Source: 50-year old widow. </li></ul>
  13. 13. PhotoVoice Exhibit: Community Needs <ul><li>“ This is a negative to me. It’s the OK Liquor Store, and it’s not ok. It’s the only viable business on the Eastside… no grocery store, no 7-11 or gas station. The only, quickest thing you can go and get right away on the Eastside is liquor [Source: 45-year old widow]. </li></ul>
  14. 14. Photovoice Exhibit: Community Needs <ul><li>“ Sad to say, a family lived here and lost everything. Not only this family but other residents (100 plus) experienced this type of condition because of the July 2007 flooding.” [Source: 45-year old minister]. </li></ul>
  15. 15. PhotoVoice Exhibit: Community Needs <ul><li>“ Here is another house affected by the July 2007 flood, right at the end of Lincoln Park, that is now considered to be in the flood zone” [Source: 45-year old minister]. </li></ul>
  16. 16. Photovoice Exhibit: Community Needs <ul><li>“ This picture shows a duplex on the Eastside that needs a lot of work. It still has a tin roof. Can you imagine living under a tin roof?” [Source: 50-year old widow]. </li></ul>
  17. 17. PhotoVoice Exhibit: Community Needs <ul><li>“ This is picture of another duplex. It is a community need because we need better housing. There are still people living here, going and coming every day and doing business that they do in a regular house” [Source: 50-year old widow]. </li></ul>
  18. 18. Focus Group Meetings
  19. 19. Survey Findings: <ul><li>Three most important factors for a healthy Eastside community </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Job opportunities </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Schools </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Reduction in crime </li></ul></ul><ul><li>The most prevalent health problems in Eastside community </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Stress </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Cancer </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Gun-related injuries </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Three most riskiest behaviors in the Eastside community </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Drug abuse </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>School dropout </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Racism </li></ul></ul>
  20. 20. Recommendations: <ul><li>After school and summer program activities </li></ul><ul><li>High school retention, TAKS tutoring, GED preparation, college tours </li></ul><ul><li>Comprehensive sex education, family planning and parenting programs </li></ul><ul><li>Heart disease and diabetes education programs and activities </li></ul><ul><li>Smoking cessation and asthma management education </li></ul><ul><li>Job and entrepreneur skills training </li></ul><ul><li>Attend city council and school district meetings; voter registrations drives </li></ul><ul><li>Adopt-A-Street, book clubs, block parties </li></ul>
  21. 21. Photovoice Images (Assets)
  22. 22. Photovoice Exhibit: Community Assets & Resources <ul><li>“ This picture reminds me of ‘back in the day’. This is an asset because it shows the small, tight knit community we have on the Eastside” [Source: 45-year old widow. </li></ul>
  23. 23. Photovoice Exhibit: Community Assets & Resources <ul><li>“ This is a picture of my mother dressed in white after attending First Sunday church services and it’s a positive asset” [Source: 50-year old widow]. </li></ul>
  24. 24. Photovoice Exhibit: Community Assets and Resources <ul><li>“ This is an asset because the Eastside really needs spiritual guidance right now, especially in our community” [Source: 45-year old minister]. </li></ul>
  25. 25. Photovoice Exhibit: Community Assets and Resources <ul><li>“ I don’t know why the city is closing down all the schools in our neighborhood, especially with so many chjldren to serve” [Source: 45-year old widow]. </li></ul>
  26. 26. Photovoice Exhibit: Community Assets and Resources <ul><li>“ East Branch YMCA is an asset. It helps reduce crime in the neighborhood and provides a safe haven for young men and boys” [Source: 45-year old minister]. </li></ul>
  27. 27. Photovoice Exhibit: Community Assets and Resources <ul><li>“ This is a picture of land on the Eastside which is an asset because it’s a place where we can build and bring in business” [Source: 32-year old single mother]. </li></ul>
  28. 28. Summary & Conclusion: <ul><li>Eastside Community suffers from: </li></ul><ul><li>Negative social health determinants </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Feelings of hopelessness </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Depression </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Distrust among city leaders and officials </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Physical health determinants </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Stress </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Cancer </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Conclusion </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Implement culturally competent, evidence-based health intervention strategies </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Involve Eastside community members in planning and marketing </li></ul></ul>
  29. 29. References <ul><li>Texas Department of State Health Services. (2006). Selected Health Facts 2003 Wichita County. Retrieved on November 18, 2007 at </li></ul><ul><li>U.S. Census Bureau. (2000). Census 2000 Summary File. Retrieved on October 2, 2007 at </li></ul><ul><li>U.S. Census Bureau. (2006). Wichita Falls city, TX Population and Housing Narrative Profile: 2006. American Community Survey. Retrieved on October 29, 2007 at </li></ul><ul><li>U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. (2000). Healthy People 2010. Office of Disease Prevention and Health Promotion. Retrieved on August 28, 2003 at </li></ul>
  30. 30. Comments or Questions?