Claude MonetImpression, SunriseOil on canvas1872This is the defining piece for Impressionism. It was originally a term of derisivision, but adopted by the artists who exhibited their works together between 1874 and 1886.
Taken from The Annotated Mona Lisa, Carol Strickland, (1992), p. 97.
Chapter 30 19th Century Art In Europe And The United States 3
Chapter 30: 19th Century Art in Europe and the United States<br />Impressionism<br />Magister Ricard<br />AP Art History<br />
19th Century Artistic Developments: The “-isms”<br />
The “-isms”<br />Romanticism – explores feelings and emotions in art found in a classical framework<br />Realism – stressed positivism, objectivity, and challenged the standards of the academies<br />Impressionism – would also deviate from academies but in both subject matter and technique<br />Post impressionists – deviate further by exploring depictions of color and shape, art for art’s sake<br />
Salon des Refuses<br />2,800 rejected submissions to the Salon of Paris (of 5,000 total) were exhibited in the Salon des Refuses<br />These rejected works were divided into academics (worthy) and independents (too modern)<br />Establishes an alternative to accepted forms of art, important in developing future art trends<br />
Japonisme<br />Japan had been closed to the West until 1850 when the US formed trade agreements<br />Japanese culture became very popular in Europe<br />Woodblock prints became very important to Impressionists and Post-impressionists<br />Ukiyo-e, “floating world”, depicted vignettes from Japanese culture<br />
Avant-Garde: Trailblazing<br />The term originally refers to military units that have advanced further than the rest of the army<br />Salons where state-run exhibitions, required application for exhibition<br />Impressionists were appreciated by other artists – not general public<br />Once a style becomes mainstream, no longer avant-garde <br />Impression would achieve this in 1890s<br />Exhibitions shift from salon to private gallery<br />
What is Impressionism?<br />Momentary slice of life<br />Captures the effects of light on color<br />Limits the use of black paint<br />Dark greens, brown, purple, blue <br />Juxtaposition of complementary colors for shadow<br />Cropped edges<br />