Chapter 29 18th Century Art In Europe And The Americas

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Chapter 29 18th Century Art In Europe And The Americas

  1. 1. Chapter 29: 18th Century Art in Europe and the Americas Magister Ricard Art History
  2. 2. Major Developments • The Enlightenment • Rococo Style emerges in Europe • Italy and its Classical Revival • Revivals in Britain – Classical and Gothic • Neoclassicism and Romanticism in Britain • Neoclassicism response in France to Rococo
  3. 3. The Enlightenment • Europe started the 18th century in a semi-feudal state – Economic and political power was centrally-based – Aristocratic class held most of the power • By the end, industrial manufacturing would shift the economic paradigm • The Enlightenment pushed thinkers, philosophes, to improve the institutions of mankind – Nature is both rational and good – Observation of natural laws could lead to happiness for mankind
  4. 4. ROCOCO STYLE IN EUROPE Chapter 29
  5. 5. Rococo Style in Europe • Portugese barroco – irregularly shaped pearl • French rocaille – shell or rock ornament used in gardens • Elegant designs and pastel color base • Frivolous, playful subjects • Curves and dainty figures • Favored by aristocratic class which were more concerned with pursuit of pleasure • Mainly developed in France in wake of Louis XIV
  6. 6. Italy and Classical Revival • The Grand Tour – the completion of an aristocratic education was a tour of the major cultural sites of Europe • Paris, Venice, Florence, Naples, and Rome • This heavily inspires the growth of Neoclassicism during the Enlightenment • Pleased the senses and taught moral lessons • Was a reaction to frivolity of Rococo • Pompeii and Herculaneum discovered in 1738
  7. 7. NEOCLASSICISM IN ENGLAND Chapter 29
  8. 8. Neoclassicism in England • Alexander Pope translated the Homer into English • Wrote his own poetry in iambic pentameter • Women started to wear white muslin gowns to look “classical”
  9. 9. EARLY ROMANTICISM IN ENGLAND Chapter 29
  10. 10. Romanticism in Britain • Challenged the Enlightenment’s focus on scientific observation, intellect • Stressed the emotions and the subjective existence of the irrational side of human nature
  11. 11. LATER 18TH CENTURY ART IN FRANCE Chapter 29
  12. 12. FRENCH NEOCLASSICISM Chapter 29
  13. 13. 18TH CENTURY ART OF THE AMERICAS Chapter 29

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