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episode 3

  1. 1. Biliran Prepared by : Kristel Ann Siena Limpiada
  2. 2. Founded in May 11,1992 Capital: Naval Area : 536.01 km2 ( 206.95 sq. mi) Population : 161, 760 Municipalities : 8 Barangay : 132 Languages : Cebuano,English,Waray – Waray
  3. 3. Geography  fourth smallest province in the Philippines  The island lies off the northern coast of Leyte island across Biliran-Strait. To the southeast is Carigara Bay, to the northeast is the Samar Sea, and across this sea is Samar. To the west is the Visayan Sea and Masbate lies 30 kilometers (19 mi) to the northwest.
  4. 4. Islands The province is composed of two major volcanic islands; Biliran Island and Maripipi Island. Other islands include Higatangan, and Dalutan Island (inhabited).
  5. 5. Biliran Island
  6. 6. Maripipi Island
  7. 7. Topography  The main volcanic island of Biliran features mountainous interiors with very narrow coastal areas. Only the municipalities of Naval and Caibiran have wide plains extending about 7 km (4.3 mi) from the coast suitable for agriculture. Mount Suiro, an inactive volcano, is the highest point on Biliran Island with an elevation of 1,301 m (4,268 ft).
  8. 8. Climate  Biliran has a combination of warm and cool climatic zones, thus the prevailing climate is ideal for the cultivation of a wide range of agricultural crops. There is no distinct dry season but the heavy wet season generally occurs in December
  9. 9. History During the early Spanish era, what is now called Biliran Island was known as Isla de Panamao. The present name, believed to be adopted sometime between the late 17th century and the early 18th century, was, according to many publications, derived from a native grass called borobiliran which once grew abundantly on the island's plains.
  10. 10. Sultan Kudarat Raid  In May 1735, representative inhabitants of Leyte petitioned Governor General Fernando Valdes y Tamon to allow them to resettle Biliran Island.  On May 26, 1754, the Moros destroyed Biliran and the town of Catbalogan in Samar. Panamao was reportedly razed to the ground and only the gobernadorcillo (mayor) of Biliran town escaped capture by the raiders
  11. 11. Post – Moro Invasion  When the Moro raiders were neutralized in the early 19th century, the local inhabitants went into the business of organizing new towns (then called "pueblos") in the present geography of Biliran Province.  Naval became the third town, carved out of the territory of Biliran town. It first became a separate parish in 1860. The Spanish colonial government officially recognized its municipality status on September 23, 1869, following the petition submitted around 1861.
  12. 12. Word War II In 1945, Biliran was liberated by the Philippine Commonwealth forces of the 9th Infantry Division of the Philippine Commonwealth Army who landed in Biliran. Aided by the local guerrilla forces they attacked the Japanese troops on the island during the Battle of Biliran during World War II
  13. 13. Economy • Prawns Hunting • Shrimps Lumber • Milkfish Copra • Coconut oil • Ceramics • Citronella oil Major industries : Fashion bags, shell crafts, placemats, hot pads, basket, beverage coasters and trays.
  14. 14. Tourist Attractions
  15. 15. Sambawan Island
  16. 16. Higatangan Island
  17. 17. Dalutan Island
  18. 18. Capinahan Island
  19. 19. Tinago Waterfalls
  20. 20. Tomalistis Falls
  21. 21. Ulan Ulan Falls
  22. 22. Kasabangan Falls
  23. 23. Busai Falls
  24. 24. Kinaraha Cascades
  25. 25. Agta Beach
  26. 26. Candol Beach
  27. 27. Nasunugan Tower
  28. 28. Tingkasan Bat Cave
  29. 29. Msagongsong Swimming pool
  30. 30. Mainit Hot Spring
  31. 31. Iyusan Rice Terraces
  32. 32. Leyte
  33. 33. Founded on 1735 Capital : Tacloban City Population : 1, 567,984 Area : 6,313.33 km2 (2,437.59 sq. mi) Independent City : 2 Component city: 1 Municipalities : 41 Barangay : 1,393 Language : Waray –waray, Cebuano
  34. 34. History  The Battle of Leyte Gulf took place in the seas surrounding this island from 23 October to 26 October 1944. It was the largest naval battle in modern history, when at least 212 Allied ships clashed with the remnants of the Imperial Japanese Navy, some 60 ships, including the super battleships Yamato and Musashi.  The First Battle of Leyte occurred on 20 October 1944. A successful Allied invasion of the island was the crucial element to the eventual Filipino and American victory in the Philippines.
  35. 35. Economy  The economy of Leyte is a mixed agriculture, fishing, industrial, energy and mining. Rice is farmed in the lowland plains areas specifically those around Tacloban, while coconut farming, is the main cash crop in upland and mountainous areas. Sugarcane plantation is no. 1 produce in Ormoc City. Since Leyte is an island province, fishing is a major source of livelihood among coastal residents
  36. 36. Transportation  Leyte is connected by air, with only one commercial airport located in Tacloban City. Daniel Z. Romualdez Airport, which is one of the busiest airports in the Philippines, has two major airlines; Philippine Airlines and Cebu Pacific. Tacloban's airport primarily serves connecting flights from major Philippine cities (Manila and Cebu).
  37. 37. Pacific Airlines
  38. 38. Cebu Pacific
  39. 39. Tourist Attractions
  40. 40. Lake Danao
  41. 41. Geothermal Plant
  42. 42. Pineapple plantation
  43. 43. Leyte Golf & Country Club
  44. 44. Ormoc Beaches
  45. 45. Centennial Park
  46. 46. Phil-japs Peace Memorial
  47. 47. Fuente De La Reina
  48. 48. Agua Dulce Artisan Well
  49. 49. Mass Grave
  50. 50. Lake Kasudsuran
  51. 51. Yamashita Line
  52. 52. Southern Leyte
  53. 53. Founded on May 22,1959 Capital : Maasin Area : 1,798.61 km2 (694.45 sq. mi) Population : 399,137 Component cities : 1 Municipalities : 18 Barangay : 500 Languages : Cebuano, Waray –Waray , Filipino, English , Spanish
  54. 54. Topography  Southern Leyte occupies the southern quarter of the island of Leyte. It is bounded by the province of Leyte to the north, by Surigao Strait to the east, Bohol Sea to the south, andCanigao Channel, across from Bohol, to the west. Its total land area is 179,861 hectares (444,450 acres
  55. 55. Cilmate  Type II is characterized by the absence of dry season with a very pronounced maximum rain period occurring from November to January. This type prevails in the eastern half of the province that includes the municipality of Sogod, Libagon, Liloan, San Francisco, Pintuyan, San Ricardo, St. Bernard, San Juan, Anahawan, Hinundayan, Hinunangan and Silago. On the other hand,  Type IV has a rainfall that is more or less evenly distributed throughout the year. This type prevails in the western part of the province that includes the City of Maasin and the municipalities of Macrohon, Padre Burgos, Limasawa, Malitbog, Tomas Oppus, Bontoc and little part of Sogod.
  56. 56. Vegetation and biodiversity • People in the province plant rice, white corn, bananas, root crops, sugar cane, coconut and abaca. They also planted various types of vegetables. A three year project was established in Sogod Bay conducted by the Southern Leyte Coral Reef Conservation Project (SLCRCP) to surveyed coral reefs in the area. The undertaking was to provide local residents educational opportunities to have knowledge on protecting the province's biodiversity as well as to have a long-term sustainability
  57. 57. Blue-Spotted Stingray
  58. 58. History  As early as 1898 during the Spanish and American periods, there had already existed a "sub-province" consisting of the municipalities fromPalompon to Hinunangan, with Maasin as the center. Some government offices had already been established in Maasin on the southwestern part of Leyte to govern the area
  59. 59.  Due to a change of sovereign powers, all the offices in Maasin except the Fiscal’s Office were abolished and reverted to Tacloban, the capital of Leyte. This created a major problem because of the dearth of transportation, the difficulty in managing the affairs of government in Tacloban and the language barrier between the Cebuano-speaking South-westerners and the Waray Easterners. The difficulty of managing the entire island from the main city suggested a need to separate the island into two provinces.
  60. 60. Mud Slides  On February 17, 2006, several mudslides caused by heavy rains, amounting over 200 cm (79 in), and a minor earthquake destroyed at least one town and many commercial and residential infrastructures, leaving hundreds dead. The municipality of Saint Bernard was one of the worst hit areas with 23 confirmed deaths, up to 200 estimated deaths and another 1,500 missing. Barangay Guinsaugon, a mountain village on the said municipality with 2,500 people, was almost completely destroyed, killing 1,800 of its 1,857 residents.
  61. 61. Religion • Roman Catholic • Aglipay • Evangelicals • Iglesia ni Cristo • Jehovah’s Witnesses • Seventh-day Adventist
  62. 62. Culture Beliefs Although most people are Christians, a very few who live in remote villages of the province hold on to pre- Hispanic influences and make offerings and sacrifices before planting their crops. Farmers ritually sacrifice chickens and pigs to ensure that the spirits or elementals which they believe to be the cause of good harvest will grant them one
  63. 63. Religious Events Hinunangan celebrates a town fiesta on the 29 June with the St. Peter and St. Paul Fluvial boat parade the day before.[24] The kuratsa — a courtship dance-drama — highlights every occasion.
  64. 64. Economy • Coconut • Abaca
  65. 65. Collages and Universities • College of Maasin - Maasin City • Saint Joseph College - Maasin City • Southern Leyte State University - Sogod (main campus) • Southern Leyte State University - Hinunangan Campus • Southern Leyte State University - Tomas Oppus Campus • Southern Leyte State University - San Juan Campus • Southern Leyte State University - Bontoc Campus • STI College - Maasin City • Maasin City College - Maasin City • Southern Leyte Business College- Maasin City • Saint James College - Padre Burgos • Saint Thomas Aquinas College - Sogod
  66. 66. Tourist Attractions
  67. 67. Limasawa Island
  68. 68. Bitu-on Beach
  69. 69. Kuting Beach Resort
  70. 70. Magsuhot Park
  71. 71. Wawa Strait
  72. 72. Tancaan Point (Sta. Sofia Beach)
  73. 73. Tancaan Point/Buenavista Fish Sanctuary
  74. 74. Guinsohotan and Busay Falls
  75. 75. Sulphur Spring
  76. 76. Maamo Beach
  77. 77. San Pedro and San Pablo Beaches
  78. 78. Panaon Island
  79. 79. Sun-ok Fish Sanctuary
  80. 80. Tabugon Fish Sanctuary
  81. 81. Ilijan Point / Napantaw Fish Sanctuary
  82. 82. Sogod Bay
  83. 83. Patag Daku
  84. 84. Maasin Cathedral
  85. 85. Malitbog, Southern Leyte
  86. 86. The General Douglas MacArthur Landing Memoria
  87. 87. Zip SouthernLeyte
  88. 88. The Santo Nino Shrine and Heritage Museum
  89. 89. Our Lady of Assumption Church