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An Integral Model of Human Resilience in Technological Systems (6.15)

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An Integral Model of Human Resilience in Technological Systems (6.15)

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This is a paper presentation given at a conference titled, "Pathways to Resilience III" held in Halifax, Nova Scotia, June 19, 2015. I expect to submit the paper for peer review within the next few months. Please contact me if you'd like to know more about my work.

Transcript

  1. 1. An Integral Model of Human Resilience inTechnological Systems Johnny Thomas, MSEE, MBA PhD Student, Research Associate Dan Eisenberg, Dr.Thomas Seager Arizona State University School of Sustainable Engineering and the Built Environment
  2. 2. 2 •  Does resilient technology require resilient people? •  What is social-technical resilience? •  How can we model Integral human resilience in engineered systems? Research Questions
  3. 3. 3 •  Does resilient technology require resilient people? •  What is social-technical resilience? •  How can we model Integral human resilience in engineered systems? •  How can we organize the vast array of resilience knowledge? •  How can we index resilience epistemologies and methods? •  How can we link resilience research perspectives? Research Questions
  4. 4. 4 (Larry Downing / Reuters-Corbis, 2011)
  5. 5. 5 (Larry Downing / Reuters-Corbis, 2011) Hurricane Katrina: a resilience failure “as if no one was in control”(Westrum, 2005) Latent Psychopathologies è breakdowns governance, law enforcement, medical care, utilities, & communications
  6. 6. 6 New Orleans Mayor Ray Nagin Coast Guard Commandant Thad Allen President George Bush (Larry Downing / Reuters-Corbis, 2011) — 1,833 died — 200 Civil servants AWOL — 25 Officers leave high stress areas — 2 Officers commit suicide — Poor leadership & judgment — Criminal behavior
  7. 7. 7 • Moral reasoning (Kumpfer, 1995; Stokols, Lejano, & Hipp, 2013) (Sept. 2014)
  8. 8. 8 The number of events is increasing! (TISP, 2015)
  9. 9. Presidential Policy Directive (PPD-21) “U.S. efforts shall address the security and resilience…” (The White House, 2013) 9 National Infrastructure Protection Plan 2013 Directs national policy among Federal agencies (U.S. Homeland Security, 2013)
  10. 10. Resilience: Plan & prepare, absorb, recover, & adapt 10 Plan Prepare Absorb Recover Adapt Basic construct interpreted among disciplines Francis & Bekera, “A metric and frameworks for resilience analysis of engineered and infrastructure systems,” Reliability Engineering and System Safety, 121 (2014)
  11. 11. >3,700 Peer Reviewed Journal Articles with Resilience in the Title 11 (Baggio, Brown, & Hellebrandt, 2015) January 2000 è April 2012
  12. 12. 12 Spatial & temporal dimensions of interrelated & interconnected meta-complex systems… social, technical, ecological, environmental, biological, economic, and…
  13. 13. 13
  14. 14. 14
  15. 15. 15 An Integral Approach Ability to hold multiple simultaneous perspectives without marginalizing or diminishing one over another
  16. 16. 16 Interior Exterior IndividualGroup/Collective Organizing (Wilber, 2000)
  17. 17. 17 Interior Exterior IndividualGroup/Collective Subjective,“I” 1st person Inter-subjective,“WE” 2nd person Objective,“IT” 3rd person (singular) Inter-objective,“ITS” 3rd person (plural) Experience Behavior Culture Systems Holon: subject, object, or unit of inquiry Organizing (Wilber, 2000)
  18. 18. 18 Interior Exterior IndividualGroup/Collective An Integral Perspective of Resilience Research Organizing (Wilber, 2000)
  19. 19. 19
  20. 20. 20 Interior Exterior IndividualGroup/Collective Organizing
  21. 21. Social-technical Systems 21 Linking Individuals & organizations Social Technical Infrastructure
  22. 22. 22 Black Creek beneath Finch Ave Toronto,August 2005
  23. 23. 23 Interior Exterior IndividualGroup/Collective Linking Adapted and modified: (Esbjörn-Hargens, Zimmerman, 2009) Experience Behavior Culture Systems Social Infrastructure
  24. 24. 24 Interior Exterior IndividualGroup/Collective Linking Adapted and modified: (Esbjörn-Hargens, Zimmerman, 2009) Capacities / properties Processes / actions Social Infrastructure Processes / actionsCapacities / properties
  25. 25. 25 Interior Exterior IndividualGroup/Collective Linking •  Emotional Intelligence •  Psychological Dev. •  Cognition •  Conation •  SAAL •  Sensing •  Anticipating •  Adapting •  Learning Adapted and modified: (Esbjörn-Hargens, Zimmerman, 2009) Capacities / properties Processes / actions Social Infrastructure
  26. 26. 26 Interior Exterior IndividualGroup/Collective Linking •  Culture & values •  Ethics & morals •  Worldviews & ideologies •  Social intelligence SAAL Social Systems SAAL Technical Systems Adapted and modified: (Esbjörn-Hargens, Zimmerman, 2009) Capacities / properties Processes / actions Social Infrastructure
  27. 27. 27 Interior Exterior IndividualGroup/Collective Linking •  Emotional Intelligence •  Psychological Dev. •  Cognition •  Conation •  Culture & values •  Ethics & morals •  Worldviews & ideologies •  Social intelligence •  SAAL •  Sensing •  Anticipating •  Adapting •  Learning SAAL Social Systems SAAL Technical Systems Adapted and modified: (Esbjörn-Hargens, Zimmerman, 2009) Capacities / properties Processes / actions Social Infrastructure Capacities / properties Processes / actions
  28. 28. Resilience Enabling Processes 28 —  Sensing—monitor systems state variables —  Anticipating—imagining possible state outcomes —  Adapting—changing state variables to higher performance —  Learning—create & integrate new knowledge to inform system behaviors (Park, Seager, Rao, Convertino, & Linkov 2013) (Hollnagel, Paries,Woods, & Wreathall 2013) (Linkov, Eisenberg, Bates, Chang, Covertino,Allen, Flynn, Seager 2013)
  29. 29. Resilience Enabling Processes 29 —  Sensing—monitor systems state variables —  Anticipating—imagining possible state outcomes —  Adapting—changing state variables to higher performance —  Learning—create & integrate new knowledge to inform system behaviors Sensing Anticipating Adapting Learning Individual & Group Resilience Actions, behaviors, & artifacts (Park, Seager, Rao, Convertino, & Linkov 2013) (Hollnagel, Paries,Woods, & Wreathall 2013) (Linkov, Eisenberg, Bates, Chang, Covertino,Allen, Flynn, Seager 2013)
  30. 30. Resilience Enabling Capacities 30 Table 1 Human Resilience Capacities (Connor, 2006; Olsson et al., 2003) Cognitive Social / Emotional Behavioral Ability to adapt to change Coping1 Action-oriented approach Ability to view change / stress as a challenge Faith 1 Ability to perceive / demonstrate the strengthening effect of stress Ability to use past successes to confront current challenges Hope Engaging the support of others Balanced perspective on experience Optimism Rebounding Enduring set of values Patience Secure attachments to others Fortitude, conviction, tenacity, & resolve Self-efficacy1 Tolerance of negative effect Internal locus of control1 Self-esteem Personal or collective goals1 Sense of humor Sense of meaningfulness !
  31. 31. 31 Resilience Enabling Capacities Affect Cognition Personal & Interpersonal Capacities Behavioral Capacities Innate Acquired (Thomas 2014) Affect, cognition, & behavioral capacities can provide a developmental perspective of social-technical resilience.
  32. 32. Model Architecture 32 Interior Capacities Exterior Processes (Hannah & May 2011) Outcomes: Actions, behaviors, & artifacts
  33. 33. Human Resilience Model 33 Personal & Interpersonal Capacities Personal & Interpersonal Processes Behavioral Capacities Behavioral Processes Individual & Group Resilience Actions, behaviors, & artifacts Resilience Enabling Capacities Resilience Enabling Processes (Hannah & May 2011)
  34. 34. Human Resilience Model 34 Affect Cognition Innate Acquired Sensing Anticipating Adapting Learning Resilience Enabling Capacities Resilience Enabling Processes Personal & Interpersonal Behavioral Individual & Group Resilience Actions, behaviors, & artifacts Zone 2 & 4 Zone 6 & 8 (Thomas 2014)
  35. 35. Johnny Thomas, MSEE, MBA Johnny.Thomas@asu.edu WeWorldNetworks.com 35 ThankYou! Resilience, Simulation for Water, Power & Roadway Networks, NSF Grant No. 1441352 This material is based upon work supported by the National Science Foundation (NSF) under grant No. 1441352.Any opinions, findings, conclusions, or recommendations expressed in this material are those of the authors and do not necessarily reflect the views of the NSF. Collaborators: Dan Eisenberg & Dr.Thomas Seager
  36. 36. 36 References •  Baggio, J.A., Brown, K., & Hellebrandt, D. (2015). Boundary object or bridging concept ? A citation network analysis of. Ecology and Society, 20(2). •  Bonanno, G. (2004). Loss,Trauma, and Human Resilience: Have We Underestimated the Human Capacity to Thrive After Extremely Aversive Events? The American Psychologist, 59(1), 20–8. doi:10.1037/0003-066X.59.1.20 •  Brand, F., & Jax, K. (2007). Focusing the Meaning (s) of Resilience: Resilience as a Descriptive Concept and a Boundary Object. Ecology and Society, 12(1). Retrieved from http://www.ecologyandsociety.org/vol12/iss1/art23/ES-2007-2029.pdf •  Brown, K., & Westaway, E. (2011).Agency, Capacity, and Resilience to Environmental Change: Lessons from Human Development,Well-Being, and Disasters. Annual Review of Environment and Resources, 36(1), 321–342. doi:10.1146/annurev-environ-052610-092905 •  Connor, K. (2006).Assessment of Resilience in the Aftermath of Trauma. Journal of Clinical Psychiatry, (suppl 2). Retrieved from http://breathofhopefoundation.org/articles/v67s0207_Resilience.pdf •  Connor, K. M., & Davidson, J. R.T. (2003). Development of a New Resilience Scale: the Connor-Davidson Resilience Scale (CD-RISC). Depression and Anxiety, 18(2), 76–82. doi:10.1002/da.10113 •  Esbjörn-Hargens, S. (2007). Integral Teacher, Integral Students, Integral Classroom:Applying Integral Theory to Education. AQAL: Journal of IntegralTheory and Practice, 1–42. Retrieved from http://integraleslebenwien.at/LS/Bil/Esbjorn-Hargens_Integral-Education.pdf •  Esbjörn-Hargens, S. (2010).An Overview of Integral Theory. In IntegralTheory in Action:Applied,Theoretical, and Constructive Perspectives on the AQAL Model (pp. 33–61). State University of NewYork Press. •  Esbjörn-Hargens, S., Zimmerman, M. (2009). Integral Ecology, Uniting Multiple Perspectives on the NaturalWorld. Integral Books. •  Everly, G. S., Davy, J.A., Smith, K. J., Lating, J. M., & Jr, F. C. N. (2011).A Defining Aspect of Human Resilience in the Workplace : Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness, 5(2). •  Fiksel, J. (2003). Designing Resilient, Sustainable Systems. Environmental Science &Technology, 37(23), 5330–5339. Retrieved from http://pubs.acs.org/doi/abs/10.1021/es0344819 •  Fuhs, C. (2010).An Integral Map of Perspective Taking. In IntegralTheory in Action:Applied,Theoretical, and Constructive Perspectives on the AQAL Model (pp. 273– 302). SUNY. •  Hannah, S.T., & May, D. R. (2011). MORAL MATURATION AND MORAL CONATION :A CAPACITY APPROACH TO EXPLAINING MORAL THOUGHT AND ACTION West Point – United States Military Academy. Academy of Management Review, 36(4), 663–685. •  Herrman, H., & Stewart, D. (2011).What is resilience? Canadian Journal of Psychiatry, 56(5). Retrieved from http://europepmc.org/abstract/MED/21586191 •  Holling, C. (1996). Engineering ResilienceVersus Ecological Resilience. In EngineeringWithin Ecological Constraints (pp. 31–44). •  Keck, M., & Sakdapolrak, P. (2013).What is social resilience? Lessons Learned and Ways Forward. Erdkunde, 67(1), 5–19. doi:10.3112/erdkunde.2013.01.02 •  Kumpfer, K. L. (1995). Factors and Processes Contributing to Resilience. In Resilience and Development: Positive Life Adaptations (pp. 179–224). Kluwer Academic/Plenum Publishers. •  Luthans, F. (2002).The need for and meaning of positive organizational behavior. Journal of Organizational Behavior, 23(6), 695–706. doi:10.1002/job.165 •  Masten,A., & Obradovic, J. (2008). Disaster preparation and recovery: Lessons from research on resilience in human development. Ecology and Society, 13(1). Retrieved from http://ibcperu.org/doc/isis/8553.pdf •  Norris, F. H., & Stevens, S. P. (2007). Commentary on “ Five Essential Elements of Immediate and Mid-Term Mass Trauma Intervention : Empirical Evidence ” Community Resilience and the Principles of Mass Trauma Intervention. Psychiatry 70(4), 70(4), 320–328. •  Park, J., Seager,T. P., Rao, P. S. C., Convertino, M., & Linkov, I. (2013). Integrating Risk and Resilience Approaches to Catastrophe Management in Engineering Systems. Risk Analysis, 33(3), 356–67. doi:10.1111/j.1539-6924.2012.01885.x
  37. 37. 37 References (cont.) •  Pendall, R., Foster, K. a., & Cowell, M. (2009). Resilience and regions: building understanding of the metaphor. Cambridge Journal of Regions, Economy and Society, 3(1), 71–84. doi:10.1093/cjres/rsp028 •  Reich, J., Zautra,A. & Hall, J. (2010). Handbook of Adult Resilience.The Guilford Press. •  Reid, R., & Botterill, L. C. (2013).The Multiple Meanings of “Resilience”:An Overview of the Literature. Australian Journal of Public Administration, 72(1), 31–40. doi:10.1111/1467-8500.12009 •  Richardson, G. E. (2002).The Metatheory of Resilience and Resiliency. Journal of Clinical Psychology, 58(3), 307–321. doi:10.1002/jclp.10020 •  Stokols, D., Lejano, R. P., & Hipp, J. (2013). Enhancing the Resilience of Human – Environment Systems : a Social Ecological Perspective. Ecology and Society, 18(1). •  The White House. (2013). Presidential Policy Directive/PPD-21. •  Tugade, M. M., & Fredrickson, B. L. (2004). Resilient Individuals Use Positive Emotions to Bounce Back from Negative Emotional Experiences. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 86(2), 320–33. doi:10.1037/0022-3514.86.2.320 •  U.S. Homeland Security. (2013). National Infrastructure Protection Plan 2013. •  Ungar, M., Ghazinour, M., & Richter, J. (2013).Annual Research Review:What is resilience within the social ecology of human development? Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, and Allied Disciplines, 54(4), 348–66. doi:10.1111/jcpp.12025 •  Westrum, P. R. (2005).All Coherence Gone : New Orleans as a Resilience Failure. In 2nd symposium on resilience engineering. Juan-les-Pins, France. •  Wilber, K. (2001). ATheory of Everything:An integral vision for business, politics, science, and spirituality. Shambhala Publications. •  Wilber, K. (2006). Integral Spirituality. Integral Books. •  Nepal Statistics: http://www.mercycorps.org/articles/nepal/quick-facts-what-you-need-know-about-nepal-earthquake •  White House Photo: http://pixshark.com/situation-room-west-wing.htm
  38. 38. Back-up Slides 38
  39. 39. 39 Human Development (Richardson, 2002) (Brown & Westaway, 2011) Sociology (Norris & Stevens, 2007) (Keck & Sakdapolrak, 2013) Biology & Health (Garcia-dia et al., 2013) Neuroscience (Feder, Nestler, & Charney, 2009) Human Development (Masten, 2001) (Unger et al., 2013) Management & Organization (Luthans, 2002) (Davy, Smith, Lating, 2011) Human Resilience Psychiatry (Connor & Davidson, 2003) (Herrman & Stewart, 2011) Psychology (Bonanno, 2004) (Tugade & Fredrickson, 2004) Experience Behavior Culture Systems Organizing
  40. 40. 40 Interior Exterior IndividualGroup/Collective Human Development (Ungar, Ghazinour, & Richter, 2013) Ecology & Sustainability (Walker et al., 2004), (Redman, 2014) Engineering (Woods & Branlat, 2010) Management & Organization (Luthans, 2002) Sociology (Cutter, 2006) Biology & Health (Garcia-dia et al., 2013) Neuroscience (Feder et al., 2009) Human Development (Richardson, 2002) (Brown & Westaway, 2011) Sociology (Norris & Stevens, 2007) (Keck & Sakdapolrak, 2013) Psychiatry (Connor & Davidson, 2003) (Folkman & Moskowitz, 2004) Psychology (Bonanno, 2004), (Tugade & Fredrickson, 2004) Organizing

Description

This is a paper presentation given at a conference titled, "Pathways to Resilience III" held in Halifax, Nova Scotia, June 19, 2015. I expect to submit the paper for peer review within the next few months. Please contact me if you'd like to know more about my work.

Transcript

  1. 1. An Integral Model of Human Resilience inTechnological Systems Johnny Thomas, MSEE, MBA PhD Student, Research Associate Dan Eisenberg, Dr.Thomas Seager Arizona State University School of Sustainable Engineering and the Built Environment
  2. 2. 2 •  Does resilient technology require resilient people? •  What is social-technical resilience? •  How can we model Integral human resilience in engineered systems? Research Questions
  3. 3. 3 •  Does resilient technology require resilient people? •  What is social-technical resilience? •  How can we model Integral human resilience in engineered systems? •  How can we organize the vast array of resilience knowledge? •  How can we index resilience epistemologies and methods? •  How can we link resilience research perspectives? Research Questions
  4. 4. 4 (Larry Downing / Reuters-Corbis, 2011)
  5. 5. 5 (Larry Downing / Reuters-Corbis, 2011) Hurricane Katrina: a resilience failure “as if no one was in control”(Westrum, 2005) Latent Psychopathologies è breakdowns governance, law enforcement, medical care, utilities, & communications
  6. 6. 6 New Orleans Mayor Ray Nagin Coast Guard Commandant Thad Allen President George Bush (Larry Downing / Reuters-Corbis, 2011) — 1,833 died — 200 Civil servants AWOL — 25 Officers leave high stress areas — 2 Officers commit suicide — Poor leadership & judgment — Criminal behavior
  7. 7. 7 • Moral reasoning (Kumpfer, 1995; Stokols, Lejano, & Hipp, 2013) (Sept. 2014)
  8. 8. 8 The number of events is increasing! (TISP, 2015)
  9. 9. Presidential Policy Directive (PPD-21) “U.S. efforts shall address the security and resilience…” (The White House, 2013) 9 National Infrastructure Protection Plan 2013 Directs national policy among Federal agencies (U.S. Homeland Security, 2013)
  10. 10. Resilience: Plan & prepare, absorb, recover, & adapt 10 Plan Prepare Absorb Recover Adapt Basic construct interpreted among disciplines Francis & Bekera, “A metric and frameworks for resilience analysis of engineered and infrastructure systems,” Reliability Engineering and System Safety, 121 (2014)
  11. 11. >3,700 Peer Reviewed Journal Articles with Resilience in the Title 11 (Baggio, Brown, & Hellebrandt, 2015) January 2000 è April 2012
  12. 12. 12 Spatial & temporal dimensions of interrelated & interconnected meta-complex systems… social, technical, ecological, environmental, biological, economic, and…
  13. 13. 13
  14. 14. 14
  15. 15. 15 An Integral Approach Ability to hold multiple simultaneous perspectives without marginalizing or diminishing one over another
  16. 16. 16 Interior Exterior IndividualGroup/Collective Organizing (Wilber, 2000)
  17. 17. 17 Interior Exterior IndividualGroup/Collective Subjective,“I” 1st person Inter-subjective,“WE” 2nd person Objective,“IT” 3rd person (singular) Inter-objective,“ITS” 3rd person (plural) Experience Behavior Culture Systems Holon: subject, object, or unit of inquiry Organizing (Wilber, 2000)
  18. 18. 18 Interior Exterior IndividualGroup/Collective An Integral Perspective of Resilience Research Organizing (Wilber, 2000)
  19. 19. 19
  20. 20. 20 Interior Exterior IndividualGroup/Collective Organizing
  21. 21. Social-technical Systems 21 Linking Individuals & organizations Social Technical Infrastructure
  22. 22. 22 Black Creek beneath Finch Ave Toronto,August 2005
  23. 23. 23 Interior Exterior IndividualGroup/Collective Linking Adapted and modified: (Esbjörn-Hargens, Zimmerman, 2009) Experience Behavior Culture Systems Social Infrastructure
  24. 24. 24 Interior Exterior IndividualGroup/Collective Linking Adapted and modified: (Esbjörn-Hargens, Zimmerman, 2009) Capacities / properties Processes / actions Social Infrastructure Processes / actionsCapacities / properties
  25. 25. 25 Interior Exterior IndividualGroup/Collective Linking •  Emotional Intelligence •  Psychological Dev. •  Cognition •  Conation •  SAAL •  Sensing •  Anticipating •  Adapting •  Learning Adapted and modified: (Esbjörn-Hargens, Zimmerman, 2009) Capacities / properties Processes / actions Social Infrastructure
  26. 26. 26 Interior Exterior IndividualGroup/Collective Linking •  Culture & values •  Ethics & morals •  Worldviews & ideologies •  Social intelligence SAAL Social Systems SAAL Technical Systems Adapted and modified: (Esbjörn-Hargens, Zimmerman, 2009) Capacities / properties Processes / actions Social Infrastructure
  27. 27. 27 Interior Exterior IndividualGroup/Collective Linking •  Emotional Intelligence •  Psychological Dev. •  Cognition •  Conation •  Culture & values •  Ethics & morals •  Worldviews & ideologies •  Social intelligence •  SAAL •  Sensing •  Anticipating •  Adapting •  Learning SAAL Social Systems SAAL Technical Systems Adapted and modified: (Esbjörn-Hargens, Zimmerman, 2009) Capacities / properties Processes / actions Social Infrastructure Capacities / properties Processes / actions
  28. 28. Resilience Enabling Processes 28 —  Sensing—monitor systems state variables —  Anticipating—imagining possible state outcomes —  Adapting—changing state variables to higher performance —  Learning—create & integrate new knowledge to inform system behaviors (Park, Seager, Rao, Convertino, & Linkov 2013) (Hollnagel, Paries,Woods, & Wreathall 2013) (Linkov, Eisenberg, Bates, Chang, Covertino,Allen, Flynn, Seager 2013)
  29. 29. Resilience Enabling Processes 29 —  Sensing—monitor systems state variables —  Anticipating—imagining possible state outcomes —  Adapting—changing state variables to higher performance —  Learning—create & integrate new knowledge to inform system behaviors Sensing Anticipating Adapting Learning Individual & Group Resilience Actions, behaviors, & artifacts (Park, Seager, Rao, Convertino, & Linkov 2013) (Hollnagel, Paries,Woods, & Wreathall 2013) (Linkov, Eisenberg, Bates, Chang, Covertino,Allen, Flynn, Seager 2013)
  30. 30. Resilience Enabling Capacities 30 Table 1 Human Resilience Capacities (Connor, 2006; Olsson et al., 2003) Cognitive Social / Emotional Behavioral Ability to adapt to change Coping1 Action-oriented approach Ability to view change / stress as a challenge Faith 1 Ability to perceive / demonstrate the strengthening effect of stress Ability to use past successes to confront current challenges Hope Engaging the support of others Balanced perspective on experience Optimism Rebounding Enduring set of values Patience Secure attachments to others Fortitude, conviction, tenacity, & resolve Self-efficacy1 Tolerance of negative effect Internal locus of control1 Self-esteem Personal or collective goals1 Sense of humor Sense of meaningfulness !
  31. 31. 31 Resilience Enabling Capacities Affect Cognition Personal & Interpersonal Capacities Behavioral Capacities Innate Acquired (Thomas 2014) Affect, cognition, & behavioral capacities can provide a developmental perspective of social-technical resilience.
  32. 32. Model Architecture 32 Interior Capacities Exterior Processes (Hannah & May 2011) Outcomes: Actions, behaviors, & artifacts
  33. 33. Human Resilience Model 33 Personal & Interpersonal Capacities Personal & Interpersonal Processes Behavioral Capacities Behavioral Processes Individual & Group Resilience Actions, behaviors, & artifacts Resilience Enabling Capacities Resilience Enabling Processes (Hannah & May 2011)
  34. 34. Human Resilience Model 34 Affect Cognition Innate Acquired Sensing Anticipating Adapting Learning Resilience Enabling Capacities Resilience Enabling Processes Personal & Interpersonal Behavioral Individual & Group Resilience Actions, behaviors, & artifacts Zone 2 & 4 Zone 6 & 8 (Thomas 2014)
  35. 35. Johnny Thomas, MSEE, MBA Johnny.Thomas@asu.edu WeWorldNetworks.com 35 ThankYou! Resilience, Simulation for Water, Power & Roadway Networks, NSF Grant No. 1441352 This material is based upon work supported by the National Science Foundation (NSF) under grant No. 1441352.Any opinions, findings, conclusions, or recommendations expressed in this material are those of the authors and do not necessarily reflect the views of the NSF. Collaborators: Dan Eisenberg & Dr.Thomas Seager
  36. 36. 36 References •  Baggio, J.A., Brown, K., & Hellebrandt, D. (2015). Boundary object or bridging concept ? A citation network analysis of. Ecology and Society, 20(2). •  Bonanno, G. (2004). Loss,Trauma, and Human Resilience: Have We Underestimated the Human Capacity to Thrive After Extremely Aversive Events? The American Psychologist, 59(1), 20–8. doi:10.1037/0003-066X.59.1.20 •  Brand, F., & Jax, K. (2007). Focusing the Meaning (s) of Resilience: Resilience as a Descriptive Concept and a Boundary Object. Ecology and Society, 12(1). Retrieved from http://www.ecologyandsociety.org/vol12/iss1/art23/ES-2007-2029.pdf •  Brown, K., & Westaway, E. (2011).Agency, Capacity, and Resilience to Environmental Change: Lessons from Human Development,Well-Being, and Disasters. Annual Review of Environment and Resources, 36(1), 321–342. doi:10.1146/annurev-environ-052610-092905 •  Connor, K. (2006).Assessment of Resilience in the Aftermath of Trauma. Journal of Clinical Psychiatry, (suppl 2). Retrieved from http://breathofhopefoundation.org/articles/v67s0207_Resilience.pdf •  Connor, K. M., & Davidson, J. R.T. (2003). Development of a New Resilience Scale: the Connor-Davidson Resilience Scale (CD-RISC). Depression and Anxiety, 18(2), 76–82. doi:10.1002/da.10113 •  Esbjörn-Hargens, S. (2007). Integral Teacher, Integral Students, Integral Classroom:Applying Integral Theory to Education. AQAL: Journal of IntegralTheory and Practice, 1–42. Retrieved from http://integraleslebenwien.at/LS/Bil/Esbjorn-Hargens_Integral-Education.pdf •  Esbjörn-Hargens, S. (2010).An Overview of Integral Theory. In IntegralTheory in Action:Applied,Theoretical, and Constructive Perspectives on the AQAL Model (pp. 33–61). State University of NewYork Press. •  Esbjörn-Hargens, S., Zimmerman, M. (2009). Integral Ecology, Uniting Multiple Perspectives on the NaturalWorld. Integral Books. •  Everly, G. S., Davy, J.A., Smith, K. J., Lating, J. M., & Jr, F. C. N. (2011).A Defining Aspect of Human Resilience in the Workplace : Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness, 5(2). •  Fiksel, J. (2003). Designing Resilient, Sustainable Systems. Environmental Science &Technology, 37(23), 5330–5339. Retrieved from http://pubs.acs.org/doi/abs/10.1021/es0344819 •  Fuhs, C. (2010).An Integral Map of Perspective Taking. In IntegralTheory in Action:Applied,Theoretical, and Constructive Perspectives on the AQAL Model (pp. 273– 302). SUNY. •  Hannah, S.T., & May, D. R. (2011). MORAL MATURATION AND MORAL CONATION :A CAPACITY APPROACH TO EXPLAINING MORAL THOUGHT AND ACTION West Point – United States Military Academy. Academy of Management Review, 36(4), 663–685. •  Herrman, H., & Stewart, D. (2011).What is resilience? Canadian Journal of Psychiatry, 56(5). Retrieved from http://europepmc.org/abstract/MED/21586191 •  Holling, C. (1996). Engineering ResilienceVersus Ecological Resilience. In EngineeringWithin Ecological Constraints (pp. 31–44). •  Keck, M., & Sakdapolrak, P. (2013).What is social resilience? Lessons Learned and Ways Forward. Erdkunde, 67(1), 5–19. doi:10.3112/erdkunde.2013.01.02 •  Kumpfer, K. L. (1995). Factors and Processes Contributing to Resilience. In Resilience and Development: Positive Life Adaptations (pp. 179–224). Kluwer Academic/Plenum Publishers. •  Luthans, F. (2002).The need for and meaning of positive organizational behavior. Journal of Organizational Behavior, 23(6), 695–706. doi:10.1002/job.165 •  Masten,A., & Obradovic, J. (2008). Disaster preparation and recovery: Lessons from research on resilience in human development. Ecology and Society, 13(1). Retrieved from http://ibcperu.org/doc/isis/8553.pdf •  Norris, F. H., & Stevens, S. P. (2007). Commentary on “ Five Essential Elements of Immediate and Mid-Term Mass Trauma Intervention : Empirical Evidence ” Community Resilience and the Principles of Mass Trauma Intervention. Psychiatry 70(4), 70(4), 320–328. •  Park, J., Seager,T. P., Rao, P. S. C., Convertino, M., & Linkov, I. (2013). Integrating Risk and Resilience Approaches to Catastrophe Management in Engineering Systems. Risk Analysis, 33(3), 356–67. doi:10.1111/j.1539-6924.2012.01885.x
  37. 37. 37 References (cont.) •  Pendall, R., Foster, K. a., & Cowell, M. (2009). Resilience and regions: building understanding of the metaphor. Cambridge Journal of Regions, Economy and Society, 3(1), 71–84. doi:10.1093/cjres/rsp028 •  Reich, J., Zautra,A. & Hall, J. (2010). Handbook of Adult Resilience.The Guilford Press. •  Reid, R., & Botterill, L. C. (2013).The Multiple Meanings of “Resilience”:An Overview of the Literature. Australian Journal of Public Administration, 72(1), 31–40. doi:10.1111/1467-8500.12009 •  Richardson, G. E. (2002).The Metatheory of Resilience and Resiliency. Journal of Clinical Psychology, 58(3), 307–321. doi:10.1002/jclp.10020 •  Stokols, D., Lejano, R. P., & Hipp, J. (2013). Enhancing the Resilience of Human – Environment Systems : a Social Ecological Perspective. Ecology and Society, 18(1). •  The White House. (2013). Presidential Policy Directive/PPD-21. •  Tugade, M. M., & Fredrickson, B. L. (2004). Resilient Individuals Use Positive Emotions to Bounce Back from Negative Emotional Experiences. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 86(2), 320–33. doi:10.1037/0022-3514.86.2.320 •  U.S. Homeland Security. (2013). National Infrastructure Protection Plan 2013. •  Ungar, M., Ghazinour, M., & Richter, J. (2013).Annual Research Review:What is resilience within the social ecology of human development? Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, and Allied Disciplines, 54(4), 348–66. doi:10.1111/jcpp.12025 •  Westrum, P. R. (2005).All Coherence Gone : New Orleans as a Resilience Failure. In 2nd symposium on resilience engineering. Juan-les-Pins, France. •  Wilber, K. (2001). ATheory of Everything:An integral vision for business, politics, science, and spirituality. Shambhala Publications. •  Wilber, K. (2006). Integral Spirituality. Integral Books. •  Nepal Statistics: http://www.mercycorps.org/articles/nepal/quick-facts-what-you-need-know-about-nepal-earthquake •  White House Photo: http://pixshark.com/situation-room-west-wing.htm
  38. 38. Back-up Slides 38
  39. 39. 39 Human Development (Richardson, 2002) (Brown & Westaway, 2011) Sociology (Norris & Stevens, 2007) (Keck & Sakdapolrak, 2013) Biology & Health (Garcia-dia et al., 2013) Neuroscience (Feder, Nestler, & Charney, 2009) Human Development (Masten, 2001) (Unger et al., 2013) Management & Organization (Luthans, 2002) (Davy, Smith, Lating, 2011) Human Resilience Psychiatry (Connor & Davidson, 2003) (Herrman & Stewart, 2011) Psychology (Bonanno, 2004) (Tugade & Fredrickson, 2004) Experience Behavior Culture Systems Organizing
  40. 40. 40 Interior Exterior IndividualGroup/Collective Human Development (Ungar, Ghazinour, & Richter, 2013) Ecology & Sustainability (Walker et al., 2004), (Redman, 2014) Engineering (Woods & Branlat, 2010) Management & Organization (Luthans, 2002) Sociology (Cutter, 2006) Biology & Health (Garcia-dia et al., 2013) Neuroscience (Feder et al., 2009) Human Development (Richardson, 2002) (Brown & Westaway, 2011) Sociology (Norris & Stevens, 2007) (Keck & Sakdapolrak, 2013) Psychiatry (Connor & Davidson, 2003) (Folkman & Moskowitz, 2004) Psychology (Bonanno, 2004), (Tugade & Fredrickson, 2004) Organizing

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