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Lance P. Hickey, Ph.D.
The Positive Psychologists
Psychology in the 20th Century
“Much will be gained if
we transform your
hysterical misery into
common unhappiness.”
– (S...
What about happiness?
 “The absence of
mental illness is not
a sufficient indicator
of mental health.”
(Marie Jahoda, Cur...
Abraham Maslow: the voice crying in the darkness
The Hierarchy of Needs
Martin Seligman: The Pioneer
“Authentic Happiness comes from
identifying and cultivating your
fundamental strengths, and ...
Strengths and Virtues: The VIA test
 Wisdom (love of learning, curiosity, creativity, open-
mindedness, perspective
 Cou...
Mihalyi Csikszentmihaly
“Flow is…that state in which
people are so involved in an
activity that nothing else
seems to mat...
The Flow Chart
Ed Diener: Dr. Happiness
 “…over the past 50 years, income has
climbed steadily in the United States, with
the gross dome...
Ed Diener: Dr. Happiness
“The most salient
characteristics shared by the
10% of students with the
highest levels of happin...
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Positive psychology 11.06.10

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Positive psychology 11.06.10

  1. 1. Lance P. Hickey, Ph.D. The Positive Psychologists
  2. 2. Psychology in the 20th Century “Much will be gained if we transform your hysterical misery into common unhappiness.” – (Sigmund Freud,Studies in Hysteria, 1895)
  3. 3. What about happiness?  “The absence of mental illness is not a sufficient indicator of mental health.” (Marie Jahoda, Current Concepts of Positive Mental Health, 1958)
  4. 4. Abraham Maslow: the voice crying in the darkness The Hierarchy of Needs
  5. 5. Martin Seligman: The Pioneer “Authentic Happiness comes from identifying and cultivating your fundamental strengths, and using them everyday in work, love, play, and parenting.” (Authentic Happiness, 2002)
  6. 6. Strengths and Virtues: The VIA test  Wisdom (love of learning, curiosity, creativity, open- mindedness, perspective  Courage (authenticity, bravery, persistence, zest)  Temperance (Humility, Self-moderation, prudence, forgiveness)  Humanity (Kindness, Love, social intelligence)  Justice (Fairness, Leadership, Teamwork)  Transcendence (Appreciation of beauty, gratitude, hope, humor, meaning)
  7. 7. Mihalyi Csikszentmihaly “Flow is…that state in which people are so involved in an activity that nothing else seems to matter; the experience is so enjoyable that people will continue to do it even at great cost, for the sheer sake of doing it.” (Flow: the Psychology of Optimal Experience, 1992)
  8. 8. The Flow Chart
  9. 9. Ed Diener: Dr. Happiness  “…over the past 50 years, income has climbed steadily in the United States, with the gross domestic product (GDP) per capita tripling, and yet life satisfaction has been virtually flat. Since World War II there has been a dramatic divergence between real income (after taxes and inflation) and life satisfaction in the United States, and a similar pattern can be seen in the data from other nations, such as Japan.” (“Beyond Money” APA, 2004)
  10. 10. Ed Diener: Dr. Happiness “The most salient characteristics shared by the 10% of students with the highest levels of happiness and the fewest signs of depression were their strong ties to friends and family and commitment to spending time with them.” (‘Very Happy People,” Psychological Science 2002)

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