Comparison of the Dry Forest of  Guanica and the Caribbean National Forest “El Yunque”     Group #1: Carla J. Figueroa   G...
Introduction On the days of June 19 and 21, we had two separate  field trips to two completely different areas of  Puerto...
Dry Forest of Guanica
Climate and Location Located in the southwestern area of Puerto Rico, this  forest expands all the way from Guánica to Po...
Birds They have recorded 136 species of birds, 12 of them are  endemic (3 of which are endangered and 8 in the list of  e...
Aves                       San Pedrito                                      Reinita MariposeraPajaro Bobo Mayor           ...
Bird Adaptations High percentage of nocturnal animals. Many species with scales that prevent desiccation Obtain water f...
Fauna There have been a very valuable herpetofauna  which includes 21 species of reptiles and 6 species of  amphibians. ...
Flora The flora of the Guanica Dry Forest is no longer than 49  ft. Because in that form they conserve water and don’t  s...
Flora                            Naked Indian                                                           -To keep water th...
Flora                                         Erisfalis Fruticosa                                        -have a purple mi...
Comocladia dodonaea (Chicharron)       - Poisonous Tree      Multiples Stems   - Regeneration manifestation.
Melon Cactus-    Vegetation with spines to conserve water    Centenary GuayacanOrchid –Demostration of a epiphyte
The Caribbean National        Forest     “El Yunque”
Clima y Localizacion Localizado a 49 Kms de San Juan en las Sierras de  Luquillo, tiene una temperatura de 78 grados Fahr...
Fauna The fauna that lives in the forest is limited to small  animals. Approximately 100 vertebrates including amphibian...
Fauna                   Different                   species of   Puerto Rican                     snails        Parrot    ...
Flora Poses more vegetation diversity by area unit than  any other forest in America. 225 especies de árboles,  nativos d...
Types of Forests Pluvial Forest Palo Colorado Forest Palma de Sierra Forest Elfin Forest
Pluvial Forest Mainly Composed of:1. Tabonuco ( Dacryodes excelsa)2. Ausubo (Manilkara Bidendata)3. Yagrumo (Cecropia Pel...
Palo Colorado Forest Mainly composed of:1. Caimitillo (Micropholis chrysophylloides)2. Caimitillo verde ( Microphilis gar...
Palma de Sierra Forest It is the most open forest of the four types. Monoculture of Palma de Sierra ( Prestoea montana)
Elfin Forest It’s location is limited to the  piques of the mountains that  compose the forest and  because of this plus ...
Conclusion
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in …5
×

Comparacion de bosques grupo #1

639 views

Published on

Published in: Travel, Business
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

Comparacion de bosques grupo #1

  1. 1. Comparison of the Dry Forest of Guanica and the Caribbean National Forest “El Yunque” Group #1: Carla J. Figueroa Gustavo Martinez Crystal K. Colon John E. Munoz Zuleika Velazquez Luis F. Centeno
  2. 2. Introduction On the days of June 19 and 21, we had two separate field trips to two completely different areas of Puerto Rico. We traveled to el Bosque Seco de Guánica on June 19, then to el Bosque Nacional del Caribe, el Yunque, on June 21. After having travelled to both forests, we were able to compare these completely different, yet similar areas.
  3. 3. Dry Forest of Guanica
  4. 4. Climate and Location Located in the southwestern area of Puerto Rico, this forest expands all the way from Guánica to Ponce, covering roughly over 11,000 acres of land. The climate is hot and dry, due to a lack of precipitation because of the restrictions placed by the Cordillera Central de P.R., which does not allow the passage of rain-carrying winds. The forest receives approximately 30-40 in. of rain per year. Because of the harsh climate and extreme temperature, the organisms have adapted to thrive and survive in this forest.
  5. 5. Birds They have recorded 136 species of birds, 12 of them are endemic (3 of which are endangered and 8 in the list of endangered species). Compared with rain forests: 31 versus 20 species of birds per 1,000 individuals. More number of birds per linear mile (0.6 miles) in Guánica in a rainforest. The ecological role of frogs and lizards of the Anvil, in Guánica is carried out mainly by insectivorous birds. Furthermore, the forest contains a wide range of insects that provide food for many birds.
  6. 6. Aves San Pedrito Reinita MariposeraPajaro Bobo Mayor  Jui de Puerto Rico Guabairo 
  7. 7. Bird Adaptations High percentage of nocturnal animals. Many species with scales that prevent desiccation Obtain water from the dam to ingest and vegetation. Hibernation. Animals that are buried or used natural cavities. Low breathing. Bodies with light colors. They nest on the ground or in bushes.
  8. 8. Fauna There have been a very valuable herpetofauna which includes 21 species of reptiles and 6 species of amphibians. Among the reptiles there are 8 species of lizards endemic to Puerto Rico and the Virgin Islands. Among the amphibians there has been some notoriety crested toad. During dry weather remains a refugee, just leave the aestivation period as a result of precipitation.
  9. 9. Flora The flora of the Guanica Dry Forest is no longer than 49 ft. Because in that form they conserve water and don’t spend it in biomass. Most of the vegetation is semideciduous are lost their leaves in summer. In the Guanica Dry Forest, the flora modified their activities for the principal goal of all, conserve water. Some of the adaptations are: vertical orientation of the leave to avoid direct sunlight, stems that carry out the photosynthesis and plants with spines.
  10. 10. Flora Naked Indian  -To keep water the stem perform photosyntesisPrincipal Canopy Demonstration Huevo de Gato of Jaboncillo   Caoba
  11. 11. Flora Erisfalis Fruticosa -have a purple milk Piteselobiun - Endemic tree of Arbol Corcho the forest. - This tree represent how thevegetation placed their leaves in Caoba’s Plantation vertically form Warrior tree  - Endemic of Puerto Rico
  12. 12. Comocladia dodonaea (Chicharron) - Poisonous Tree Multiples Stems  - Regeneration manifestation.
  13. 13. Melon Cactus- Vegetation with spines to conserve water Centenary GuayacanOrchid –Demostration of a epiphyte
  14. 14. The Caribbean National Forest “El Yunque”
  15. 15. Clima y Localizacion Localizado a 49 Kms de San Juan en las Sierras de Luquillo, tiene una temperatura de 78 grados Fahrenheit en las partes bajas y alrededor de 65 grados Fahrenheit en areas sobre los 3,200 pies. Recibe alrededor de 250 pulgadas de precipitación al año significando que caen aguaceros ligeros pero intensos diariamente esto causa que el suelo del bosque sufra grandes perdidas por la erosión. Por la cantidad de precipitación que cae la isla de Puerto Rico depende de el para poder adquirir la cantidad de agua suficiente para los habitantes.
  16. 16. Fauna The fauna that lives in the forest is limited to small animals. Approximately 100 vertebrates including amphibians and birds live in the different forests of “El Yunque”. The mammalian are represented by 11 different species of bats. The most common invertebrates are snails and the Puerto Rican Boa. Puerto Rico’s most important native animal is the “Coqui”. It is an in danger specie and approximately twelve (12) different types of them live in the forest.
  17. 17. Fauna Different species of Puerto Rican snails Parrot  CoquiPuerto Rican Boa
  18. 18. Flora Poses more vegetation diversity by area unit than any other forest in America. 225 especies de árboles, nativos del bosque. It has twenty-three (23) endemic species, fourty- seven (47) introduced species, eighty-eight (88) tree species that are considered rare or strange, fifty (50) different species of native orchids and one-hundred & fifty (150) fern species.
  19. 19. Types of Forests Pluvial Forest Palo Colorado Forest Palma de Sierra Forest Elfin Forest
  20. 20. Pluvial Forest Mainly Composed of:1. Tabonuco ( Dacryodes excelsa)2. Ausubo (Manilkara Bidendata)3. Yagrumo (Cecropia Peltata)4. Guaragüao (Guarea Trichilioides)5. Laurel sabino (Magnolia splendens)6. Giant Ferns
  21. 21. Palo Colorado Forest Mainly composed of:1. Caimitillo (Micropholis chrysophylloides)2. Caimitillo verde ( Microphilis garcinaefolia)3. Palo Colorado ( Cyrilla recemiflora)
  22. 22. Palma de Sierra Forest It is the most open forest of the four types. Monoculture of Palma de Sierra ( Prestoea montana)
  23. 23. Elfin Forest It’s location is limited to the piques of the mountains that compose the forest and because of this plus other reasons it’s vegetation does not grow more than 12 feet. The main tree of the forest is “Roble de Sierra” ( Tabebuia rígida).
  24. 24. Conclusion

×