IPCC contrasts the impacts of 1.5C and 2C warming
• predicts a difference of 10 cm sea level rise and 10.4 million
displaced people by 2100,
• a difference of 190 million premature deaths and hundreds of
millions of people forced into poverty by 2050.
To limit warming to 1.5OC.
• we must reduce CO2 emissions by at least 45% in the next 12 years
compared to 2010 levels;
• and achieve net zero CO2 production by 2050.
• This is a tall order, requiring action on multiple fronts at all levels of
society – from the local to the global.
GW1.5 main findings
In the decade between 2001 and 2011, global military
spending increased by an estimated 92 percent, according to
Stockholm International Peace Research, although it fell by
1.9 percent in real terms in 2013 to $1,747 billion. At the same
time, according to the draft of a new study from the
International Peace Bureau (1), almost 10 gigatons of carbon
dioxide equivalent has been released into the atmosphere.
According to the Global Carbon Project, 2014 emissions are
set to reach a record high. Could there be some connection
between rising military expenditures and rising carbon
Thinking globally, acting nationally:
The UK Faculty of Public Health
Manifesto for Health ‘Start well, live
better’ Active travel and climate
change policy asks
Invest in active transport to
promote good health and reduce our
impact on climate change
Implement a cross national
approach to meet climate change
targets, including a rapid move to a
100% renewables and a zero carbon
100 fossil fuel
for more than
70% of the
The fossil fuel
industry has five
times more fossil
fuels in its proven
reserves than can be
used if global
warming is to be
limited to 2⁰C.
horizon, Gulf of
• Climate and Health Council (www.climateandhealth.org)
Global health, global warming, personal and professional
responsibility, Cambridge Medicine, Pencheon D, Vol 2, No 22, 2008
• Stott R, Healthy response to climate change, BMJ 2006;332;1385-1387
• Gill M, Why should doctors be interested in climate change?
BMJ Jun 2008; 336: 1506
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practical actions for doctors to combat climate change, BMJ
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• Griffiths J et al, The Health Practitioner's Guide to Climate Change,
• Pencheon D, Health services and climate change: what can be done?
J Health Serv Res Policy. Editorial Jan 2009
• UCL Health Commission/Lancet: Managing the Health effects of
Climate Change. May 2009
• The health benefits of tackling climate change, Wellcome/LSHTM, Nov
• Sustainable Development Commission: http://www.sd-
• Middleton J, ISIS, crop failure and no anti-biotics:
what training will we need for future public health?
European J Public Health 2016;
• Middleton J. Public health in England in 2016—the
health of the public and the public health system: a
review Br Med Bull (2017) 1-16. DOI: